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Monahan: Cerebrum

Cerebral Cortex/Lobes

VocabularyDefinition
gyrus/gyri folds or wrinkles of the cerebral cortex
sulcus shallow groove between gyri
fissure deep groove between gyri or parts of the brain
longitudinal fissure separates the cerebrum into right and left hemispheres
transverse fissure separates the cerebrum from the cerebellum
central sulcus separates the frontal lobes from the parietal lobes
lateral fissure separates the temporal lobes from the rest of the cerebrum
primary motor cortex responsible for voluntary skeletal muscle movement, found in the frontal lobes
premotor cortex retains the memory of your skeletal muscle movements (like playing a sport or instrument), found in the frontal lobes
precentral gyrus home of the primary motor cortex, gyrus in front of the central sulcus
postcentral gyrus home of the primary somatosensory cortex, a gyrus behind the central sulcus
prefrontal cortex area of thought, reasoning, judgment, decision-making; found in the frontal lobes
Broca's area a motor area that allows you to form words (to speak), found in one of the frontal lobes - usually the left
primary somatosensory cortex area that collects all sensory information from the skin, allows spatial discrimination; found in the parietal lobes
somatosensory association cortex allows you to identify objects by touch alone, found in the parietal lobes
gustatory cortex allows for your sense of taste, found in the frontal lobes
primary auditory cortex receives impulses from your ears to allow you to hear, found in the temporal lobes
auditory association cortex allows you to recognize what you hear, found in the temporal lobes
olfactory cortex allows you to smell and tell the difference between odors, found in the temporal lobes
Wernicke's area allows you to understand language (either heard or read), found in the temporal lboes
primary visual cortex receives impulses from your eyes and allows you to see, found in the occipital lobes
visual association area allows you to recognize what you see, found in the occipital lobes
tract group of axons in the central nervous system
pyramidal cells large neurons found in the primary motor cortex
Created by: smonahan
 

 



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