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MA 70 Module 14

Musculoskeletal combinning forms, suffixes, perfixes, abbreviations

ankyl/o stiff; immobility
arthr/o articul/o joint; articulation
burs/o bursa; sac
calcane/o heel bone, calcaneus
carp/o carpus: wrist bones
cervic/o cervical vertebrae; neck
chondr/o cartilage
clavicul/o, cleid/o clavicle, collarbone
coccyg/o coccyx,coccygeal vertebrae; fused vertebrae that form the tail bone
crani/o cranium; skull
femor/o femur; thigh bone
fibul/o fibula; calf bone
humer/o humerus; upper arm bone
ili/o ilium
ischi/o ischium
kyph/o hump
lord/o bent backwards
lumb/o lumbar vertebrae; loin, lower back
metacarp/o metacarpals, hand bones
metatars/o metatarsals, foot bones
myel/o bone marrow; spinal cord
orth/o straight
oste/o bone
patell/o patella; knee cap
pelv/o, pelv/i pelvis
phalang/o phalanges, phalanx; toes or fingers
pub/o pubis
radi/o radius, forearm bone; or radiant energy
sacr/o sacrum, sacral vertebrae; fused vertebrae to form the sacrum
scapul/o scapula; shoulder blade
scoli/o Crooked, bent
spondyl/o vertebrae
stern/o sternum; breastbone
synovi/o synov/o synovial membrane
tars/o ankle; tarsus
thorac/o chest; thoracic vertebrae
tibi/o tibia; shin bone
uln/o ulna; forearm bone
vertebr/o vertebrae
fibr/o fibers
kinesi/o movement
lei/o smooth
muscul/o my/o myos/o muscle
sarc/o flesh
ten/o tend/o tendin/o tendon
-blast immature, embryonic (suffix)
-clasia -clast to surgically break (suffix)
-desis stabilize, fuse (suffix)
-listhesis slipping (suffix)
-physis growth (suffix)
-porosis porous (suffix)
-asthenia weakness (suffix)
-kinesia movement (suffix)
-tonia tone (suffix)
ab- away from (perfix)
ad- toward (prefix)
cirucum- around (prefix)
dia- through (prefix)
syn- together (prefix)
AROM active range of motion
BMT bone marrow transplant
C1, C2, etc first, second, etc, cervical vertebrae
CPM continuous passive motion (abbre)
CTS carpal tunnel syndrome (abbreviation)
FX, Fx fracture (abbreviation)
L1, L2, first lumbar vertebra, second lumbar vertebra (abbreviation)
DJD degenerative joint disease (abbreviation)
ROM range of motion (abbreviation)
DMARD disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (abbreviation)
T1, T2, first thoracic vertebra, second thoracic vertebra, etc. (abbreviation)
MTP metatarsophalangeal (abbreviation)
EMG electromyogram (abbreviation)
NSAID nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (abbreviation)
blast/o CF embryonic form
cost/o CF costae; rib bones
rach/i, rachi/o, spin/o CF vertebral or spinal column; spine, backbone
scler/o CF hard
troph/o CF nutrition
fasci/o fascia
PROM passive range of motion (abbreviation)
RA Rheumatoid arthritis
TJR total joint replacement
TMJ temporomandibular joint
Created by: leschnei