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Chapter 8 - Study

Medical Terminology - muscular system

Muscles that perform movement on command voluntary muscles
muscles that perform movement w/o commands involuntary muscles
Performs skeletal movement. skeletal muscles
Performs heart beats. cardiac muscles
Performs movement of internal organs. visceral muscles
Tough connective tissue that connects bone to bone. ligaments
Tough connective tissue that connects bone to muscle. tendons
Muscle that moves forearm; lies over humerus and connects to scapula and radius. biceps brachii
Muscle attachment to the bone that does not move when muscle contracts. origin
Muscle attachment to the bone that does move when muscle contracts. insertion
flex/o bend
pronati/o facing backward
supinati/o facing forward
tens/o stretch
duct/o to draw
electr/o electric
ton/o tone; tension
fasci/o fascia (band of tissue surrounding the muscle)
kinesi/o movement
lei/o smooth
muscul/o muscle
my/o muscle
myos/o muscle
rhabd/o rod-shaped; striped; striated
tendin/o tendon
ten/o tendon
tenosynovi/o tendon sheath
-asthenia no strength
-clonus turmoil
-ion process of
-kinesia movement; motion
-trophy nourishment
-thermy heat
dorsi- back
abduction process of drawing away from
adduction process of drawing towards
circumduction process of drawing a part in a circular motion
dorsiflexion bending the ankle joint so that the foot bends backward (upward)
plantar flexion bending ankle joint so that foot bends toward sole of the foot
extension to stretch out; stretching out of a limb; increase angle between two bones
flexion bending of a limb; decreasing the angle between two bones
pronation as applied to the hand, process of turning palm backwards
supination as applied to the hand, process of turning the palm forward
Created by: concubine