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Female Repro-Chabner

Terminology of the Female Reproductive System

adnexa uteri fallopian tubes, ovaries, and supporting ligaments
amnion innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus
areola dark pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple
bartholin glands small mucus-secreting exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice
cervix lower, neck-like portion of the uterus
chorion outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo; it forms the fetal pert of the placenta
clitoris organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the female urethra
coitus sexual intercourse; copulation
corpus luteum empty ovarian follicle that secretes progesterone after release of the egg cell
cul-de-sac region in the lower abdomen, midway between the rectum and the uterus
embryo stage in prenatal development from 2 to 8 weeks
endometrium inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus
estrogen hormone produced by the ovaries; promotes female secondary sex characteristics
fallopian tube one of a pair of ducts through which the ovum travels to the uterus
fertilization union of the sperm cell and ovum from which the embryo forms
fetus stage in development from 8 weeks to birth
fimbriae finger- or fringe-like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell
gamete male or female reproductive cell
genitalia reproductive organs
gestation period from fertilization of the ovum to birth
gonad female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones
gynecology study of the female reproductive organs including the breasts
human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating the mother's ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone
hymen mucous membrane partially or completely covering the opening to the vagina
labia lips of the vagina; labia majora are the larger, outermost lips, and labia minora are the smaller, innermost lips
lactiferous ducts tubes that carry milk within the breast
luteinizing hormone (LH) hormone produced by the pituitary gland; promotes ovulation
mammary papilla nipple of the breast
menarche beginning of the first menstrual period during puberty
menopause gradual ending of the menstruation
menstruation monthly shedding of the uterine lining. the flow of blood and tissue normally discharged during menstruation is called menses
myometrium muscular layer of the uterus
neonatology branch of medicine that studies the disorders and care of the newborn
obstetrics branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth
orifice an opening
ovarian follicle developing sac enclosing each ovum withing the ovary. only about 400 of these sacs mature in a woman's lifetime
ovary one of a pair of female organs on each side of the pelvis. diamond shaped, about the size of large walnuts, and produce egg cells and hormones
ovulation release of the ovum from the ovary
ovum egg cell
parturition act of giving birth
perineum in females, the area between the anus and the vagina
pituitary gland endocrine gland at the base of the brain. it produces hormones to stimulate the ovaries
placenta vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy. it serves as a communication between maternal and fetal bloodstreams
pregnancy condition if a female of having a developing embryo and fetus in her uterus for about 40 weeks
progesterone hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of pregnant women
puberty point in the life cycle at which the ability to reproduce begins; secondary sex characteristics appear and gametes are produced
uterine srosa outermost layer surrounding the uterus
uterus hollow, pear-shaped muscular female organ in which the embryo and fetus develop, and from which menstruation occurs
vagina muscular, mucosa-lined canal extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body
vulva external female genitalia; includes the labia, hymen, clitoris, and vaginal orifice
zygote fertilized egg cell
carcinoma of the cervix malignant cells within the cervix
cervicitis inflammation of the cervix
carcinoma of the endometrium malignant tumor of the uterus
endometriosis endometrial tissue located outside the uterus
fibroids benign tumors in the uterus
ovarian carcinoma malignant tumor of the ovary (adenocarcinoma)
ovarian cysts collections of fluid within a sac in the ovary
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) inflammation and infection of organs in the pelvic region; salpingitis, oophoritis, endometritis, endocervicitis
carcinoma of the breast malignant tumor of the breast (arising from milk glands and ducts)
fibrocystic disease numerous small sacs of fibrous connective tissue and fluid in the breast
abruptio placentae premature seperation of the implanted placenta
choriocarcinoma malignant tumor of the placenta
ectopic pregnancy implantation of the fertilized egg in any site other than the normal uterine location
placenta previa placental implantation over the cervical os (opening) or in the lower region of the uterine wall
preeclampsia abnormal condition associated with pregnancy, marked by high blood pressure, proteinuria (loss of protein in urine), and edema
down syndrome chromosomal abnormality (trisomy 21) results in mental retardation, retarded growth, a flat face with a short nose, low set ears, and slanted eyes
erythroblastosis fetalis hemolytic disease in the newborn caused by a blood group (Rh factor) incompatibility between the mother and the fetus
hyaline membrane disease acute lung disease commonly seen in the premature newborn
hydrocephalus accumulation of fluid in the spaces in the brain
meconium aspiration syndrome abnormal inhalation of meconium (first stools) produced by a fetus or newborn
pyloric stenosis narrowing of the opening of the stomach to the duodenum
pap smear microscopic examination of stained cells removed from the vagina and cervix
pregnancy test blood or urine test to detect presence of hCG
hysterosalpingography X-ray imaging of the uterus and fallopian tubes after injection of contrast material
mammography X-ray imaging of the breast
breast ultrasound imaging and breast MRI technologies using sound waves and magnetic waves to create images of breast tissue
pelvic ultrasoography recording images of sound waves s they bounce off organs in the pelvic region
aspiration withdrawal of fluid from a cavity or sac with an instrument using suction
cauterization destruction of tissue by burning
colposcopy visual examination of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope
conization removal of a cone-shaped section (cone biopsy) of the cervix
cryosurgery use of cold temperatures to destroy tissue
culdocentesis needle aspiration of fluid from the cul-de-sac
dilation (dilatation) and curettage (D&C) widening of the cervix and scraping the endometrium of the uterus
exenteration removal of internal organs
laparoscopy visual examination of the abdominal cavity using an endoscope (laparoscope)
tubal ligation blocking the fallopian tubes to fertilization from occuring
abortion spontaneous or induced termination of pregnancy before the embryo or fetus can exist on its own
amniocentesis needle puncture of the amniotic sac to withdraw amniotic fluid for analysis
cesarean section surgical incision of the abdominal wall and uterus to deliver a fetus
chorionic villi sampling (CVS) sampling of placental tissues for prenatal diagnosis
fetal monitoring continuous recording of the fetal heart rate and maternal uterine contractions to reduce fetal distress during labor
in vitro fertilization (IVF) egg and sperm cells are combined outside the body in a laboratory dish to facilitate fertilization
pelvimetry measurement of the dimensions of the maternal pelvis
Created by: vikingmedterm