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The Human Body

Chapter 1 Anatomy & Physiology

Study of body structure Anatomy
Study of body Function Physiology
study of Diseases Pathology/ Pathophysiology
____ Link together to form molecules Atoms
After Atoms link together it is called Molecules
The metabolic units within a cell that perform a specific function necessary to the life of a cell Organelles
The powerhouse that furnishes the cells energy Organelles
The cells Nucleus is called Organelles
Organelles form into Cells
the smallest living units that make up the body's structure Cells
Cells Group together to form Tissues
Specialized groups of cell with a similar structure and function. Tissues
Tissues come together to form Organs
Structures of two or more tissue types working together to carry out a particular function Organs
the heart, stomach, and kidney are examples of what Organs
Organs then form Organ systems
one complete individual Human Organism
Covers or lines body surfaces Epithelial Tissue
the outer layer of the skin, the walls of capillaries, and kidney tubules are examples of Epithelial Tissue
Connects and supports parts of the body Connective Tissue
this tissue transports and store materials Connective Tissue
Bone, cartilage, and adipose tissues are example of Connective Tissue
Contracts to pressure and movement Muscles
generates and transmits impulses to regulate body function Nerve Tissue
the organ system that Consists of skin, Hair and nails Integumentary System
Organ System that consists of Bones, Cartilage and ligaments Skeletal System
Organ System that consists Primary of skeletal Muscles Muscular System
organ system that consists of lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, lymph, thymus, spleen, and tonsils Lymphatic System
Organ system that consists of the nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs Respiratory System
Organ System that consists of the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra Urinary System
the Human Body Consists on How any organ systems? 11
organ system that consists of the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and sense organs Nervous System
Organ System that consists of the pituitary gland, adrenals, pancreas, thyroid, parathyroid, and other organs Endocrine System
Organ system that consists of the heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries Circulatory System
Organ system that consists of stomach, small and large intestines, esophagus, liver, mouth, and pancreas Digestive System
Organ system that consists of the testes, vas deferens, prostate, seminal vesicles, and penis Male Reproductive System
Organ system that consists of the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, and breast Female Reproductive System
Above or higher Superior
Below or lower Inferior
Towards the front Anterior/ventral
Towards the Back Posterior/dorsal
Toward the midline Medial
Away from the midline Lateral
Within or interior to Internal
Outside or exterior to External
Towards the surface Superficial
Center or main part Centeral
away from the center or main part Peripheral
Closer to the origin Proximal
Farther from the origin Distal
Pertaining to the walls of a cavity Parietal
Pertaining to the organs within a cavity Visceral
Away from the body's surface Deep
divides the body lengthwise into right and left sides Sagittal Plane
called a midsagittal plane if the section is made exactly at the midline Sagittal Plane
divides the body horizontally into the upper (superior) and lower (inferior) portions Transverse Plane
Also called the horizontal plane Transverse Plane
used by CT scanners to reveal internal organs Transverse Plane
Divides the body lengthwise into anterior and posterior portions Frontal Plane
Also called coronal plane Frontal Plane
Name for the Armpit Axillary
Name for the upper Arm Brachial
Name for the Cheek Buccal
Name for the mouth Oral
Name for the spine Vertebral
Name for the neck Cervical
Name for the fingers Digital
Name for the Face Facial
Name for the Shoulders Deltoids
name for the thigh Femoral
name for the foot Pedal
name for the wrist Carpal
name for the front of the elbow Antecubital
name for the ankle Tarsal
name for the Groin Inguinal
Name for the head Cephalic
name for the breasts Mammary
Name for the nose Nasal
name for the palm Palmar
name for the eye Orbital
name for the navel (belly button) Umbilical
name for the Kneecap Patellar
name for the chest Pectoral
name for the Sternum Sternal
name for the pelvis Pelvic
Name for the Abdomen Abdominal
name for the sole of the foot Plantar
Name for the Back of the knee Popliteal
Name for the Sacrum Sacral
Name for the Pelvic Floor Perineal
Name for the Shoulder Blade Scapular
Name for the back of the head Occipital
name for the Lower Back Lumbar
Name of the Heel Calcaneal
Name for the Butt Gluteal
Name for the skull Cranial
Located at the front of the body Ventral Cavity
Consists of two compartments (the thoracic and abdominopelvic), which are separated by the diaphragm Ventral Cavity
Surround by the ribs and chest muscles Thoracic Cavity
Subdivided into two pleural cavities (each containing a lung) and the mediastinum Thoracic Cavity
Subdivided into the abdominal cavity and the pelvic cavity Abdominopelvic Cavity
Located in the back of the body Dorsal Cavity
Contains two divisions but is one continuous cavity Doral Cavity
Formed by the skull Cranial Cavity
Contains the Brain Cranial Cavity
Formed by the vertebrae Spinal Cavity
Contains the spinal Cord Spinal Cavity
the consistency or balance in the human body. Homeostasis
When the effector opposes the stimulus (such as a dropping temperature) and reverses the direction of change (causing temperature to rise) is called Negative Feedback
When the effector reinforces the stimulus and amplifies the direction of change is called Positive Feedback
Created by: Leci81