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Ch1

Orientation of the human body

TermDefinition
Anatomy Study of body structure
Physiology Study of body functions
Pathophysiology Study of disease
Chemical Atoms and compounds
Cells Smallest living unit
Tissues Group of cells with similar structure and function
Organs Group of tissues that work together to perform a specific function
Organ systems A group of organs that work to perform a function
Organism All body functions contributing to a living being
Superior Above or higher
Inferior Below or lower
Anterior Towards the front
Posterior Towards the back
Ventral Toward the front
Dorsal Toward the back
Medial Toward the midline
Lateral Away from the midline
Internal Toward the inside
External Outside, exterior to
Superficial Toward the surface
Deep Within, interior to
Central Center, main part
Peripheral Away from the center, main part
Proximal Closer to the origin
Distal Farther from the origin
Parietal Pertaining to the wall of a cavity
Visceral Pertaining to the organs within a cavity
Plane Imaginary flat surface that separates two portions
Sagittal section Separates body into right and left Fortions
Midsagittal Exactly midline
Parasagittal Not midline
Transverse section Separates body into upper and lower portions
Frontal section Separates body into front and back portions
Axillary Armpit
Brachial Arm
Buccal Cheek
Oral Mouth
Vertebral Spine
Cervical Neck
Digital Fingers
Facial Face
Deltoid Shoulder
Femoral Thigh
Frontal Forehead
Pedal Foot
Carpal Wrist
Antecubital Front of elbow
Tarsal Ankle
Inguinal Area in front of hip
Cephalic Towards the head
Mammary Breast
Nasal Nose
Palmar Palm
Orbital Eye
Umbilical Bellybutton
Patellar Knee
Pectoral Chest
Sternal Sternum
Pelvic Pelvis
Abdominal Abdomen
Plantar Bottom of foot
Popliteal Back of knee
Sacral Sacrum
Perineal Pelvic floor
Scapular Shoulder blade
Occipital Back of head
Lumbar Lower back
Calcaneal Heel
Gluteal Buttocks
Cranial Skull
Upper areas Above bottom of rib cage
Middle areas Umbilical area
Lower areas Below the iliac crest
Quadrants Four quadrants divided by two imagine lines, one vertical, and one horizontal that cross at the umbilicus
Homeostasis The state of dynamic equilibrium of the internal environment of the body
Homeostatic regulation The process of adjusting to maintain homeostasis
Negative feedback Reversal of a function brought about by monitoring the results of the function
Positive feedback Enhancement of a function
Created by: Darren24