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Unit 3

Oncology and the Central Nervous System

adenectomy excision of a gland
adenitis inflammation of a gland
adenoma tumor of a gland or glandular tissue
adenopathy disease condition of a gland or glandular tissue
antineoplastic agent that works against tumor growth
antitumorigenic agent that prevents tumor growth
atheroma (pl. atheromata) fatty (porridgelike) tissue tumor found in large blood vessels
atherosclerosis hardening of blood vessels caused by fatty growths
biopsy excision of live tissue for examination
carcinoma cancer of epithelial tissue
cephalagia head pain
cephalic pertaining to the head
cephalodynic pertaining to head pain (adj)
cerebral pertaining to the cerebrum (adj)
cerbritis inflammation of the cerebrum
cerebroma tumor of the cerebrum
cerebrospinal pertaining to the cerebrum and spine
cerebrovascular pertaining to the cerebrum and blood vessels
cerebrum largest part of the brain includes the frontal, temporal, and occipital lobes
chemotherapy treatment using chemicals or drugs
craniectomy excision of part of the skull
craniomalacia softening of the skull
craniometer instrument used to measure the size of the skull
cranioplasty surgical repair of the skull
craniotomy incision into the skull
cranium skull
cytologist specialist in study of cells
cytotechnologist specialized technician that tests cells
electroencephalogram tracing showing brain wave activity
electroencephalograph instrument used to turn brain waves into electrical patterns showing a picture of changes in activity
encephalitis inflammation of the brain
encephalocele herniation of brain tissue
encephalomalacia softening of brain tissue
encephalomeningitis inflammation of the brain and meninges
encephalomyelopathy disease condition of the brain and spinal cord
encephalotomy incision into the brain
electroneurodiagnostic electrical diagnostic testing of nervous system function
glandular pertaining to a gland
herniation abnormal protrusion of an organ or other body structure through a defect or natural opening
histoblast immature tissue
histology study of tissues
hyperemesis excessive vomiting
hypertension high blood pressure
hypertrophy over-development, increase in size
hypotension low blood pressure
hypotrophy under-development, decrease in size
lesion wound, injury or pathologic tissue
lipoid resembling fat
lipoma fatty tissue tumor; found in body fat
lymphadenopathy disease condition of the lymph glands
lymphoma lymph tissue tumor
malacotomy incision into soft tissue
malignant bad, worsening or leading to death
melanocarcinoma malignant (cancerous) melanoma
melanocyte dark pigmented cell
melanoma tumor involving growth of melanocytes
meninges three-layered membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord
meningitis inflammation of the meninges
meningocele herniation of the meninges
metastatis tumor that spreads beyond its origin (noun)
metastasize to spread beyond its origin (verb)
metastatic pertaining to a metastasis or metastases
morphology study of form or development
mucoid resembles mucus
mucosa mucous membrane (noun)
mucus watery substance secreted by mucous membrane
neonatel pertaining to newborn
neoplasm new growth (tumor)
neurodiagnostic pertaining to diagnostic studies performed to examine the nervous system by detecting electrical changes
oncologist physician specialist in diseases involving tumors
oncology the science that studies tumors
pathology study of disease
sarcoma cancer of connective tissue
tumor abnormal growth of tissue
ulcer crater-like sore
vascular pertaining to vessels (i.e blood vessels)
Created by: morgan19