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The nervous sysytem

chapter 10

caus/o prefix meaning "burn
concuss/o to injure (the brain) by a violent blow, fall
encephal/o prefix meaning Brain.
esthet/o feeling
klept/o prefix meaning to steal
mening/o membranes covering the brain or spinal cord.
myel/o spinal cord
neur/o nerves
psych/o mind
estheisa feeling
graphy process of producing a record or picture
mania madness
phobia abnormal fear
trophic of or relating to nutrition
tropic tropic
acrophobia irrational fear of heights
alzheimers disease the most common form of dementia, a neurologic disease characterized by loss of mental ability severe enough to interfere with normal activities of daily living, lasting at least six months, and not present from birth.
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a disease of the nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord that control voluntary muscle movement.
anesthic medication used to induce anesthesia
anesthetist one who administers anesthetics
anxiety disorders an umbrella term that covers several different forms of a type of common psychiatric disorder characterized by excessive rumination, worrying, uneasiness, apprehension and fear about future.
autism a disorder of neural development characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior
bell's palsy form of facial paralysis resulting from a dysfunction of the cranial nerve VII (the facial nerve) causing an inability to control facial muscles on the affected side.
carotid ultrasonography an ultrasound-based diagnostic imaging technique to reveal structural details of the carotid arteries, so as to look for blood clots, atherosclerotic plaque buildup, and other blood flow problems
causalgia formerly reflex sympathetic dystrophy or causalgia, is a chronic systemic disease characterized by severe pain, swelling, and changes in the skin
cerebral contusin a form of traumatic brain injury, is a bruise of the brain tissue
cerebral palsy a group of non-progressive,[1][2] non-contagious motor conditions that cause physical disability in human development, chiefly in the various areas of body movement.[3]
cerebrovascular accident A stroke, or cerebrovascular accident (CVA), is the rapid loss of brain function due to disturbance in the blood supply to the brain
cervical raiculopathy a set of conditions in which one or more nerves are affected and do not work properly (a neuropathy).
claustrophobia the fear of having no escape and being closed in spaces or rooms irrespective of the room size
cognition a group of mental processes that includes attention, memory, producing and understanding language, learning, reasoning, problem solving, and decision making
coma om the Greek κῶμα koma, meaning "deep sleep") is a state of unconsciousness lasting more than six hours,[1] in which a person: cannot be awakened
concussion the most common type of traumatic brain injury.
cranial hematoma A localized swelling filled with blood resulting from a break in a blood vessel in the brain.
delirium Delirium is sudden severe confusion and rapid changes in brain function that occur with physical or mental illness
delirium tremens Delirium tremens is a severe form of alcohol withdrawal that involves sudden and severe mental or nervous system changes.
delusion a belief held with strong conviction despite superior evidence to the contrary
demntia Dementia is a loss of brain function that occurs with certain diseases. It affects memory, thinking, language, judgment, and behavior.
dura mater a thin membrane that is the outermost of the three layers of the meninges that surround the brain and spinal cord.
dyslexia Developmental reading disorder, also called dyslexia, is a reading disability that occurs when the brain does not properly recognize and process certain symbols
echoencephalography the detailing of interfaces in the brain by means of ultrasonic waves
electroencephalography the recording of electrical activity along the scalp.
encephalitis irritation and swelling (inflammation) of the brain, most often due to infections.
epidural anesthesia the most popular method of pain relief during labor
epilepsy a brain disorder in which a person has repeated seizures (convulsions) over time.
factitious disorder a condition in which a person acts as if they have an illness by deliberately producing, feigning, or exaggerating symptoms.
guillain barre syndrome is a serious disorder that occurs when the body's defense (immune) system mistakenly attacks part of the nervous system.
hallucination involve sensing things while awake that appear to be real, but instead have been created by the mind.
hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel bursts inside the brain.
hydropcephalus a buildup of fluid inside the skull that leads to brain swelling.
hypersthesia a condition that involves an abnormal increase in sensitivity to stimuli of the sense
hypochondriasis an overwhelming fear that you have a serious disease
ischemic stroke A stroke happens when blood flow to a part of the brain stops. A stroke is sometimes called a "brain attack.
lethargy the quality or state of being lazy, sluggish, or indifferent
meningitis Meningitis is a bacterial infection of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord (meninges).
meningocele surgery to repair birth defects of the spine and spinal membranes.
migraine headache a common type of headache that may occur with symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, or sensitivity to light.
multiple sclerosis Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that affects the brain and spinal cord (central nervous system).
myletitis involves the infection or the inflammation of white matter or gray matter of spinal cord which is a part of central nervous system that acts as a bridge ...
myelography a type of radiographic examination that uses a contrast medium to detect pathology of the spinal cord, including the location of a spinal cord injury, cysts, and tumors.
nacrolepsy a chronic neurological disorder caused by the brain's inability to regulate sleep-wake cycles normally. It often begins mildly and progresses over a period of time until it reaches full manifestation.
neurotransmitters endogenous chemicals that transmit signals from a neuron to a target cell across a synapse.[
obsessive compulsive disorder an anxiety disorder characterized by intrusive thoughts that produce uneasiness, apprehension, fear, or worry
panic attack periods of intense fear or apprehension that are of sudden onset
paresthesia sensation of tickling, tingling, burning, pricking, or numbness of a person's skin with no apparent long-term physical effect
parkinsons disease a disorder of the brain that leads to shaking (tremors) and difficulty with walking, movement, and coordination.
peripheral neuropathy carry information to and from the brain
posttraumatic stress disorder a type of anxiety disorder.
reye's syndrome sudden (acute) brain damage and liver function problems of unknown cause
schizophrenia mental disorder that makes it hard to: Tell the difference between what is real and not real; Think clearly; Have normal emotional responses; Act normally in social situations.
sciatica refers to pain, weakness, numbness, or tingling in the leg.
shaken baby syndrome a triad of medical findings: subdural hematoma, retinal hemorrhage, and cerebral edema from which some doctors
syncope the medical term for fainting, is precisely defined as a transient loss of consciousness and postural tone, characterized by rapid onset, short duration
trichotillomania is the compulsive urge to pull out (and in some cases, eat) one's own hair leading to noticeable hair loss, distress, and social or functional impairment
trigeminal neuralgia is a neuropathic disorder characterized by episodes of intense pain in the face, originating from the trigeminal nerve. The clinical association between TN and hemifacial spasm is the so called tic douloureux
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