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Endocrine System o1.

Endocrine System

QuestionAnswer
The endocrine system uses what as information channels? Blood vessels
Which glands make up the endocrinal system? Thyroid Parathyroid Adrenal Pancreas (Islets of Langerhans) Pituitary Ovaries/ Testes Pineal Thymus
The thyroid gland produce which hormones? Thyroxine (T4), Triiodothyronine (T3), and Calcitonin
What does Thyroxine and Triiodothyronie do? Increases metabolism in body cells
What does Calcitonin do? Lowers blood calcium
Calcitonin is produced in what gland? Thyroid
The parathyroid gland produce which hormones? Parathyroid Hormone
What does parathyroid hormone do? Increases blood calcium
Parathyroid hormone is produced in which gland? Parathyroid Gland
Which two parts make up the adrenal gland? Adrenal Cortex (Outer) and Adrenal Medulla (Inner)
The adrenal cortex produce which hormones? Cortisol/ Glucocorticoid, Aldosterone/Mineralocorticoid, Androgen, and Estrogen.
Another word for cortisol is? Glucocorticoid
What does cortisol/ glucocorticoid do? Increases blood sugar
Another word for Aldosterone is? Mineralocorticoid
What does Aldosterone/ Mineralocorticoid do? Increases reabsorption of sodium
Androgen and estrogen are also knows as? Sex hormones
What does Androgen and estrogen do? Influence secondary sex characteristics'
The adrenal medulla produce which hormones? Epinephrine/ Adrenaline, and Norepinephrine/ Noradrenaline
What does Epinephrine/ Adrenaline do? Increases heart rate and blood pressure, dilates bronchial tubes and releases glucose.
What does Norepinephrine/ Noradrenaline do? Constricts blood vessels to raise blood pressure.
What is the name of the inner part of the adrenal gland? Adrenal Medulla
What is the name of the outer part of the adrenal gland? Adrenal Cortex
Which part of the pancreas is part of the endocrinal system? Islet Cells
The islet cells of the pancreas produce which hormones? Insulin and Glucagon
What does insulin do? Decreases blood sugar (glucose to glycogen)
What does Glucagon do? Increases blood sugar (glycogen to glucose)
Glucose to glycogen is? Decrease blood sugar
Glycogen to glucose is? Increases blood sugar
Another name for the pituitary gland is? Hypophysis or Master gland
The master gland is? The pituitary gland
Hypophysis is another name for? The pituitary gland
The anterior pituitary gland is also known as? Adenohypophysis
Adenohypophysis is the? Anterior pituitary gland
The adenohypohysis produces which hormones? Growth Hormone (GH)/ Somatotropin, Thyroid- stimulating hormone (TSH), Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), Gonadotropins and Prolactin (PRL)
What does Growth hormone/ somatotropin do? Increases bone & tissue growth
What does thyroid- stimulating hormone do? Stimulates thyroid gland and thyroxine secretion
What does Adrenocorticotropin hormone do? Stimulates adrenal cortex, especially cortisol secretion
What are the two Gonadotropin? 1. Follicle- stimulating hormone 2. Luteinizing hormone
What does Follicle- stimulating hormone do? Oogenesis and Spermatogenesis
What does Luteinizing do? Promotes ovulation Testosterone secretion
What does Prolactin do? Promotes growth of breast tissues and milk secretion
The posterior lobe of the Pituitary gland is known as: Neuophypophysis
Neuophypophysis is the? Posterior lobe of the pituitary gland
The Neuophypophysis produces which hormones? Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)/ Vasopressin and Oxytocin
What does Antidiuretic Hormone do? Stimulates reabsorption of water by kidney tubules
What does Oxytocin do? Stimulates contraction of the uterus during labor and childbirth
What hormones does the ovaries produce? Estrogen and Progesterone
What does estrogen do? Promote development of ova & female secondary sex characteristics
What does progesterone do? Prepares & maintains the uterus in pregnancy
What hormones does the testes produce? Testosterone
What does testosterone do? Promotes development of sperm and male secondary sex characteristics
Where is Thyroxine (T4) produced? Thyroid
Where is Triiodothyronine (T3) produced? Thyroid
Where is Calcitonin produced? Thyroid
Where is Parathyroid hormone produced? Parathyroid
Where is Cortisol produced? Adrenal Cortex
Where is Glucocorticoid produced? Adrenal Cortex
Where is Aldosterone produced? Adrenal Cortex
Where is Mineralocorticoid produced? Adrenal Cortex
Where is Androgens produced? Adrenal Cortex
Where is Estrogen produced? Adrenal Cortex and Ovaries
Where is Epinephrine produced? Adrenal Medulla
Where is Adrenaline produced? Adrenal Medulla
Where is Norepinephrine produced? Adrenal Medulla
Where is Noradrenaline produced? Adrenal Medulla
Where is Insulin produced? Islet Cells Of The Langerhans
Where is Glucagon produced? Islet Cells Of The Langerhans
Where is Growth Hormone (GH) produced? Adenohypophysis/ Anterior Lobe Of The Pituitary Gland
Where is Thyroid- Stimulating hormone (TSH) produced? Adenohypophysis/ Anterior Lobe Of The Pituitary Gland
Where is Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) produced? Adenohypophysis/ Anterior Lobe Of The Pituitary Gland
Where is Follicle- stimulating hormone (FSH) produced? Adenohypophysis/ Anterior Lobe Of The Pituitary Gland
Where is Luteinizing Hormone (LH) produced? Adenohypophysis/ Anterior Lobe Of The Pituitary Gland
Where is Prolactin (PRL) produced? Adenohypophysis/ Anterior Lobe Of The Pituitary Gland
Where is Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) produced? Neurophypohysis/ Posterior Lobe Of The Pituitary Gland
Where is Vasopressin produced? Neurophypohysis/ Posterior Lobe Of The Pituitary Gland
Where is Oxytocin produced? Neurophypohysis/ Posterior Lobe Of The Pituitary Gland
Where is Progesterone produced? Ovaries
Where is Testosterone produced? Testes
Created by: xocheronnieox