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Atma Yoga Anatomy

Atma Yoga anatomy terms

TermDefinition
Lateral Flexion Sidebending (neck/torso) Dropping ear toward shoulder
Extension Movements are directed in the sagittal plane. Joint is generally being straightened or increasing the angel of it. E.G. Back bend, kicking leg back (hip extension)
Flexion Movements is to bend or decrease the angle of the bones of the joint. Movements are in the sagittal plane. e.g. Forward fold (flexion of spine), Bending elbow
Adduction A joint moves a bone toward the midline of body. Fingers or toes, move toward the midline of the hand or foot. Movements are directed in coronal plane. e.g. Arms move back towards the body as in the second half of a jumping jack
Abduction A joint moves a bone away from the midline of the body (or hand /foot). Movements are directed in the coronal plane. e.g.Lifting arms up from sides into T position
Circumduction A circular movement, permitted at ball and socket, condylar, and saddle joints, characterized by flexion, abduction, extension, and adduction done in sequence. e.g. Arm circles
Horizontal Abduction Movement in horizontal movement plane away from the body e.g. Bring arms to shoulder height and pull arm back (opening through chest)
Horizontal Adduction Movement in horizontal plane anteriorly e.g. Bring arms to shoulder height and move arm in front of the body (straight armed clap)
Protraction Draw scapula anteriorly; e.gRound shoulders forward "spreading" back
Retraction Draw scapula posteriorly; e.g. Squeezing shoulder blades together
Nutation Movement is at the sacroiliac (SI) joint, between the sacrum and pelvic or innominate bone, not movement of the full pelvis (which would be an anterior or posterior tilt of the pelvis caused by the joint action at the hip joints or lumbar spine)
Complex Movements Involving many joints in various ways, including coupling of joints and open-and-closed-chain movements
Open Chain Movements Movements in which the distal end moves freely (teach balance and awareness of the body space) e.g. Deltoid abducting the upper arm in Virabhardrasana ii, Warrior ii
Closed Chain Movements Movements in which the distal end (the insertion) of the moving limb or body segment are fixed. e.g. strengthening the core muscles as in the iliopsoas lowering the pelvis in Virabhardrana ii, warrior 2
Sagittal Plane The longitudinal plane dividing the head and torso into left and right parts (not halves). Parallel to the median(not medial) plane - e.g. abduction and adduction movements
Coronal / Frontal Plane The longitude plane dividing the body (head, torso, limbs) or its parts into front and back halves or parts.
Transverse plane Divides the body into upper and lower halves or parts (cross sections). It is perpendicular to the longitudinal planes. Transverse planes are called "axial" or "transaxial" sections e.g. Flexion and Extension
Isotonic movements that cause muscles to change length while contracting, causing movement of a body part. The two categories of isotonic contraction are concentric and eccentric movements.
Concentric Contraction Muscles contract and overcome the force against them
Eccentric Contraction Muscles contracts less than the force applied against it
Isometric Contraction Muscle contracts equally to the force acting against it
" The 5 segments of the Vertebral Column " Cervical Thoracic Lumbar Sacrum Coccyx
The 4 movements of the Neck Cervical Extension Cervical Flexion Cervical Rotation Cervical Side bends
The 5 movements of the Spine Lumber Extension Lumber Flexion Lumber Rotation Lumber Side bend Thoracic Rotation
The 10 movements of the Shoulder Adduction Abduction Flexion Extension Internal & External Rotation Scapular Retraction Scapular Protraction Scapular Elevation Scapular Depression
The 2 movements of the Elbow/ Knee Extension & Flexion
The 6 movements of the Hip Extension Flexion Internal & External Rotation Abduct Adduct
The 4 movements of the feet and ankle Plantar Flexion Dorsiflexion Supination Pronation
Created by: Atma108