Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove Ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Bones test 1

questions/answers on Bones and locations

QuestionAnswer
2 methods of Bone Formation 1)Intramembrous method: Fibrous Membrane replaced by bone skull bone, face,shaft,clavicle 2)Endochondral or Cartilaginous:cartilage replaced by bone all other bones.
Bone Growth in Width Appositional Growth = side to side = layer to layer. Beneath periosteum: a deeper layer of periosteum composed og osteoblasts which are responsible for new bone.
Bone Growth in Length Epiphyseal Plate: growth due to cartilage cells in the epiphyseal plate as it grows replace by osteoblasts
Minerals in Bones/Bone Composition ALL MINERALS; examples: collagen, calcium, phosphate, carbonate, fluoride, magnesium, sodium, even lead
What attaches the periosteum to bone? Sharpey's Fibers
What bone does the occipital condyles rest on? 1st vertebrae or atlas
Where is the superior orbital fissure found? sphenoid bone = slit in the back of eye sockets
Where is the glabella found? frontal bone
Where is the perpendicular plate found? ethmoid bone = downward extension from the cribiform plate that forms part of the nasal septum
Where is the mastoid process found? temporal bone = projects downward on temporal bone contains air spaces which communicate with middle ear
Where is the optic foramen found? sphenoid bone = below the lesser wings an opening on each side of the sphenoid body.
Where is the anterior clinoid processes found? sphenoid bone = 2 processes that extend back from the lesser wings of the sphenoid
Name ALL parts of the ethmoid bone cribriform plates = indentations, crista galli = boney middle, perpindicular plate, olfactory formins - tiny holes, nasal septum = superior nasal concha, middle nasal concha
Where is the infra orbital foramen found? maxilla bone = holes on either side of the nose up toward the eyes
Where is the capitulum found? condyloid process (mandible) slightly upper end of the mandible = it articulates with the temporal bone at the temporomandibular joint
Where are the transverse processes found? all vertebrae
Where are facets found? Thoracic vertabrae (all vertebrae)
What is compact bone? Solid Strong Support Protection Found along lines of stress in shaft of long bones Forms protective outer shell in others
What 2 bones have alveolar processes? Maxillary = top jaw mandible = bottom jaw
The superior articular process forms a joint with what? inferior articular process
What are the primary curves of the vertabral column? thoracic and sacral
What are the secondary curves of the vertebral column? cervical = when baby holds head up lumbar = when baby begins to walk
Where is the jugular notch located? manubrium
Where is the sternal angle located? sternum separates manubrium and body
Fontanels and Locations 2 at top of skull 1)anterior/frontal = junction of sagittal.coronal and frontal sutures. 2)occipital/posterior = junction of sagittal and lomboidal suture
Fontanels and Locations 2 on side of skull anterolateral = eachside@ junction of frontal,parietal,sphenoid,temperal bone (temple) posterolateral = each side @ juction of temporal,parietal,occipital bones (by optic foramen)
Where is the clavicle notch located and what does it form? manubrium forms sterno clavicular joints
Where is bone marrow found? medullary cavity
What is another name for shaft? diaphysis
What is ossification? bone formation
What is osteomyelitis? inflammation of bone
What is the bone destroying cell? osteoclast
What is the bone forming cell? osteoblast
How many different vertebrae are there? 7 cervical (neck) 12 thoracic (thorax) 5 lumbar (small of back) 1 sacram (fusion of 5 bones) 1 coccyx (fusion of 4 verebrae)
What is the membrane that helps bone repair itself? periosteum / fibrous membrane
How many pairs of ribs are there and how are they classified? 12 pairs trues ribs (1st) 7 and attahced to sternum false ribs last 5 but 8-10 are attahced to cartilage of 7th rib floating ribs last 2 of flase ribs not attached to anything all ribs attahced to vertebral column
Where is the sella turcia located? sphenoid bone
where are the anterior and posterior clinoids located? sphenoid bone
Where are the greater and lesser wings located? sphenoid bone
What is a Cleft palate and what 2 bones are involved? line separating L and R side of palatine process don't fuse. 2 BONES palatine process(3/4) and palatine bone (1/4)
What are the 2 names of the cheek bone? Zygomatic and malor
What are the abormalities of the spine? kyphosis/hunchback = increase of thoracic curve, lordosis/swayback = increase in lumbar curve, scoliosis = side to side curvature
what is spina bifida? An opening in the spine where laminae of vertebrae fail to fuse together. leaving an opening where the contents of the verebral canal protude outward. looks like a tail sticking out of back
what are the name of the sutures on skull and their locations? coronal = B/W frontal and parietal bone lambdoidal = B/W parietal and occipital bone sagittal = B/W two parietal bones squamosal = B/W temproal and parietal bones
2 parts of the hard palate? palatine process = (1st) 3/4 palatine bone last 1/4
where is the transverse foramen and what comes through it? found in the cervical vertebrae and carries arteries to brain.
what is cancellous/spongy bone? weak, holey,light weight,found under compact shell and in epiphyses of the long bone with marrow filled spaces
where is the inferior conchae (turbinates) located? extend along lateral walls of nasal cavities. buldges on the side of each nasal cavity
What bones contain sinuses? frontal mastoid maxillary
Costal cartilage Thoracic /sternum
Where is the occipital condyles found? What bone? Occipital bone
Created by: turtleRN