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Ch. 17: Blood

End of Chapter Questions

What is the buffy coat found in centrifuged whole blood? White Blood Cells (WBC's)
What is the universal recipient blood type? Type AB
What are monocytes that migrate into the interstitial spaces? Macrophages
What is the most common WBC? Neutrophils
Why is blood classified as a connective tissue? The clotting process creates fibrin, a clotting mesh and connective tissue.
What type of granule do Neutrophils contain? Very fine granules
What type of granule do Eosinophils contain? Two lobes connected by a broad band. Looks like a 1900 telephone receiver.
What type of granule do Basophils contain? Large, coarse, histamine containing granules.
What is the universal donor blood type? Type O
Where and how is iron stored in the body? It is carried inside heme cells.
What are the general factors that limit normal clot growth? Swift removal of clotting factors and inhibition of activated clotting factors.
What are the most common causes of bleeding disorders? Platelet deficiancy and procoagulant deficiancy.
What is function of blood distribution? Oxygen delivery, transportation metabolic waste from cells to elimination sites, and transporting hormones from endocrine organs to their target organs.
What is the function of blood regulation? Maintaining even body temperature, maintaining normal pH in body tissues, and maintaining adequate fluid volume.
What is the function of blood protection? Preventing blood loss and preventing infection.
What determines whether blood is bright red or dull, dark red? The amount of hemeglobin present in the cells
Which formed element kills parasitic worms? Eosinophils
Which formed element becomes a macrophage? Monocytes
Which formed element is the main bacteria killer during acute infections? Lymphocytes
Created by: heather.vetter