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med term nervous sys

medical terminology nervous system

TermDefinition
cerebr/o brain
encephal/o the brain
myel/o spinal cord
neur/o nerves
caus/o burning
concuss/o shaken together
contus/o bruising
-esthesia sensation
esthet/o sense of perception, sensation
-graphy process of recording
klept/o to steal
-mania obsessive preoccupation
mening/o membranes or meninges
-phobia abnormal fear
psych/o mind
-tropic turning
acrophobia fear of extremities (hands or feet)
Alzheimer's disease group of disorders involving parts of brain that control thought, memory, and language.
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) Lou Gehrig Disease degenerative disease of the motor neurons that progresses until they are completely paralyzed
anesthetic medication used to produce anesthesia
anesthetist NON Physician that specializes in administering anesthesia, example nurse anesthetist
autism disorder in which a young child doesn't develop normal relationships, impulsive and ritualistic, poor communication skills
Bell's palsy paralysis of the facial nerve that causes drooping only in the affected side of the face
causalgia burning pain after injury to a nerve
cerebral palsy condition characterized by poor muscle control and spasticity and other neurologic deficiencies
cerebrovascular accident CVA, stroke, damage to the brain that occurs when the blood flow to the brain is disrupted.
cervical radiculopathy nerve pain caused by pressure on the spinal nerve roots in the neck region
claustrophobia fear of enclosed spaces
cognition mental activities associated with thinking, learning, and memory
coma profound state of unconsciousness by the absence of spontaneous eye movements and no response to painful stimuli no vocalization
cranial hematoma collection of blood trapped in the tissues of the brain.
delirium acute condition of confusion, disorientation, disordered thinking and memory, agitation, hallucinations
delirium tremens acute organic brain syndrome due to alcohol withdrawal, w/ sweating, tremors, restlessness, anxiety, mental confusion and hallucinations
delusion false personal belief that is maintained despite obvious proof to the contrary
dementia slow progressive decline in mental abilities including memory, thinking, and judgment, personality changes
dura mater thick outermost membrane of the meninges
dyslexia learning disability w/ reading achievement that is below the measured intelligence of the student.
echoencephalography use of ultrasound imagery to diagnose a shift of the midline structure of the brain.
electroencephalography process of recording electrical activity of the brain through electrodes attached to the scalp
encephalitis inflammation of the brain, either viral or bacterial
epidural anesthesia regional anesthesia from injecting a local anesthetic in to the epidural space of the lumbar or sacral region of the spine.
epilepsy group of neurological disorders characterized by recurrent episodes of seizures
encephalocele congenital gap in the skull with herniation of the brain matter.
Guillain-Barre syndrome Mono, muscle weakness, autoimmune disorder
hallucination a sense perception that has no basis in external stimulation
hemorrhagic stroke blood vessel in the brain that leaks or ruptures, more deadly than ischemic stroke.
hydrocephalus excess cerebrospinal fluid accumulates in the ventricles of the brain
hyperesthesia excessive sensitivity to stimuli
hypochondriasis preoccupation with fears of having a serious disease based on interpretation of one or more bodily s/sx
transischemic attack TIA temporary interruption in the blood supply to the brain.
lethargy lowered level of consciousness marked by listlessness drowsiness and apathy
meningitis inflammation of the meninges of the brain and spinal cord
meningocele congenital herniation of the meninges through the skull or spinal column.
migraine headache throbbing pain on one side of the head, sensitive to light and sound may have aura
multiple sclerosis progressive autoimmune disorder, demyalination of nerve fibers of the brain and spinal cord
myelitis inflammation of the spinal cord
myelography radiographic study of the spinal cord w/ injection of a contrast medium
narcolepsy syndrome of uncontrolled seizures of drowsiness and sleep
neurotransmitters chemicals messengers from nerve cells that makes it possible for nerve impulse to jump from one neuron to another over the synapse
obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD pattern of repeated behavior
panic attack mental state that has intense feelings of apprehension, fearfulness, terror, and impending doom
paresthesia abnormal sensation such as burning tingling or numbness for no apparent reason
Parkinson's disease chronic, degenerative CNS disorder, fine muscle tremors, rigidity, slow shuffling gait.
peripheral neuropathy painful condition of the hands and feet due to peripheral nerve damage
posttraumatic stress disorder
Reye's syndrome usually follows a viral illness where child treated with aspirin, potentially deadly vomiting and confusion.
schizophrenia
sciatica
shaken baby syndrome child being violently shaken, can cause brain injury, blindness, fractures, seizures, paralysis, and death
syncope "fainting" brief loss of consciousness caused by decreased flow of blood to the brain.
trichotillomania
trigeminal neuralgia
neurologist MD specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the nervous system
central nervous system brain and spinal cord
meninges system of membranes that enclose the brain, dura mater, arachnoid membrane, pia mater
cerebrum controls highest level of thought, judgment, critical thinking, and all voluntary muscle activity
thalamus below the cerebrum, relays stimuli from spinal cord to cerebral cortex
hypothalamus below thalamus, controls vital bodily functions, emotional responses, body temp, hunger, thirst, sleep cycles, endocrine glands
cerebellum lower back of cranium, coordinates muscular activity and balance for smooth steady movements
brainstem base of the brain(midbrain, pons, medulla) controls functions for survival (breathing, digestion, heart rate, blood pressure, and being awake and alert)
Cranial Nerves
psychiatrist physician specializes in diagnosing and treating chemical dependencies, emotional problems, and mental illness
psychologist holds an advanced degree, but not MD, evaluates and treats emotional problems and mental illness
cephalalgia headache
anesthetic medication administered to block pain.
neurorrhaphy suturing of the ends of a severed nerve
apathy Indifference and reduced level of activity
analgesia medication that relieves pain without affecting consciousness.
Munchausen syndrome by proxy form of child abuse
Created by: cbiondillo