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REHS CH 2

Statutes and Regulations

QuestionAnswer
Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act October 1986, Amends Toxic Substances Control Act, EPA regulates schools
Asbestos School Hazard Abatement 1984 EPA can provide grants and loans
Atomic Energy act 1954 regulates discharge of radioactive waste. Gives EPA authority
National Research Council NRC implements radioactive materials
Clean Air Act 1970EPA estblishes standards
Coastal Management Zone 1972 environmental and economic fators for developing coastal areas
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability 1980 trust fund financed by taxes on oil and cleanes up soil and water waste sites
Consumer Product Safety Act 1972 reducing infuries with consumer products
Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know 1986 Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act. Employers have to tell employees and there has to be a plan for clean up.
Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act 1938 safety and effectiveness of foods, drugs, medical devices, cosmetic, pesticides, additives
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act 1972 pesticides are registered and followed on use, storage, disposal
Federal Water Pollution Control Acts controls pollutants, fishable waters, planning, wetland protection, toxic pollutants
Clean Water Act of ___ and then Water Quality Act of ___ 1977 and 1987
Food Security Act 1985 (used to be 1900 Farm Bill) control habitat, water quality, waters due to curlivation, preservation of wetlands
Hazardous Materials Transportation Act 1974 DOT regulates transport of haz materials and wastes
Irrigation Mitigation and Restoration Partnership Act 2000 Mitigate impacts to fisheries- Pacific Ocean Drainage area
Lead Comtamination Control Act 1988 Lead removed from school and daycare drinking water supplies
Low Level Radioactive Waste Policy Act 1980 disposal of radioactive waste is state responsibility
Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act 1972 controls dumping materials, incl sewage and toxic substances, into oceans. EPA responsibility
Medical Waste Tracking Act 1988 requirements for medical and infectious waste management
National Environmental Policy Act 1969 encourages harmony between humand and environment, establishes Council on Environmental Quality
National Flood Insurance Act 1969 supplies funds for planning and regulation administered by FEMA
National invasive species act 1996 prevention of introduction of nuisance species through ballast water
Noise Control Act 72 fed gov't sets standards for noise
Nuclear Waste Polity Act 1982 DOE prepares guidelines for high level storage
Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 standards for new pollution and prevents disease and accidents in workplace
Ports and Waterways Safety Act 72 regulates through coast guard oil and hazardous materials
Radiation Control for Health and Safety Act 1968 performance standards for electronic products
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act 1976 requires regulation for generation, treatment, storage of hazardous wastes from "cradle to grave" protects groundwater and controls landfills UST's
Safe Drinking Water Act 1974 EPA regulates standards for water
Solid Waste Disposal Act 1965 a national research and development program for solid waste disposal
toxic substances control act 1976 EPA controls manufacture, distribution and use of new and existing substances but NOT pesticides, foods, drugs, cosmetics, liquor, tobacco
Equal Protection bill of rights says comparable treatment. No burden or benefiting without reasonable grounds
Due Process Necessary procedural requirement that gov't follows to take action against people.
statutes laws enacted by elected officials of nation or state
ordinances laws enacted by local elected officials
regulations or rules laws enacted by regulatory agencies
license or permit permission to engage in a legally restricted activity
litigation civil action to settle dispute
arbitration services of a disinterested person out of court in a binding settlement
administrative hearing informational and should not be adversarial
administrative order legal document from agency directing someone to stop
embargo legal order prohibiting removal or use of something
seizure order permission to confiscate, retain or dispose of something
comndemnation structure or property too dangerous
closed to occupancy repairs ok but no living til fixed
public nuisance interfere with pursuit of comfort, health and quiet
nuisance abatement legal order to stop activities
civil law nonpublic capacity where $$$ is sought and liability, not guilt, is established
prohibitory injunction orcer to cease and desist
mandatory injunction order to take action (apply for a permit, correct a violation)
criminal law prevent harm to society
complaint or information REHS signs it and it goes to a judge
arraignment defendant comes to court to make a plea
citation or ticket direct summons
hearsay what a witness heard said by someone
burden of proof evidence of crime is proven by gov't beyond a reasonable doubt
expert testimony get to give opinions
torts civil wrongs
informed consent aspect of tort law which lessons professional's liability
statutes of limitations maximum length of time- longer for a tort action
search warrant required if probable cause that a criminal violation exists
exclusionary rule illegally obtained evidence is not allowed in court
subpoena gives access to existing records
malfeasance wrongdoing or misconduct especially by a public official
misfeasance the performance of a lawful action in an illegal or improper manner
nonfeasance failure to act; especially : failure to do what ought to be done
CAA's main pollutants carbon monoxide, lead, NO2, ozone, particulates and sulfur dioxide
hazardous air pollutants asbestos, benzene, beryllium, mercury, radionuclides, vinyl chloride
indoor air is unregulated- these are on the list radon, voc's from drinking water, formaldehyde, CO
MCL Maximul Contaminant Level
RCRA andCERCLA land disposal practices and clean up
Created by: sanitarianpankey