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History of Planning

QuestionAnswer
WORLD'S COLOMBIAN EXPO IN CHICAGO 1893, daniel burnham, city beautiful movement
First N'tl Conf on City Planning in DC 1909
Possibly 1st course in City planning in US 1909
American Institute of Planners (AIP) created 1917
American Society of Planning offcls (ASPO) begun 1934
AIP and ASPO merge to form APA 1978
AICP College of Fellows recog distinguised indiv. contributions 1999
City Beautiful 1983 by Daniel Burnham (father of planning) chicago columbia expo & 1909 plan of chicago
Patrick Geddes Pioneer of Regional Planning
Edward Bassett Pioneer of Zoning
Ian McHarg Pioneer of Environmental Planning; Concept: Design with Nature
Paul Davidoff Pioneer of Advocacy Planning
Kevin Lynch Image of the City
Lewis Mumford The Culture of Cities
Clarence Perry Plan for New York and its Enviros
Jacob Riis How the other Half lives
Agrarian Philosophy (1800s) Thomas Jefferson & John Hector St. John
Laissez Faire Philosophy (1800s) Adam Smith, advocated for a free market economy
Public Health Movement Later 1800s to early 1900s
Garden City Movement 1898, Ebenezer Howard
City Humane Movement 1930s New Deal
City Efficient 1920s Standardization (SSZEA)
New Towns Late 1930s through 1940s
City Functional Movement 1940s, Military/Federal
Ordinance of 1785 Rectangular land survey and settlement of the western US ( human settlement pattern)
1st Amendment Freedom of speech & people right to peacefully assemble
5th amendment No person shall be deprived life, liberty, or property w/out due process of law, nor shall private property be taken for public use w/out just compensation
14th amendment No person shall be deprived life, liberty, or property w/out due process of law,
1987 Court Case: The 5th Amendment requires compensation for a temporary TAKING First English Evangelical Church of Glendale v. County of Los Angeles
2002 Court Case: The moratorium DID NOT constitute a TAKING Tahoe-Sierra Preservation Council v. Tahoe Regional Planning Agency
National Level -Environment, Transportation, Housing -Federal Programs
Multi-State Level Planning Environment, Transportation I.e. Tennessee valley Authority & New York/New Jersey Port Authority
State-Level Planning -Environment, Transportation -Hawaii, statewide planning example
Regional-Level Planning -Environment
Land Based Classification Standards (LBCS) Classifies land uses across five dimensions. For local planning purposes, LBCS calls for classifying land uses in the following dimensions: Activity, Function, Structure Type, Site Development Character, and Ownership.
shift share analysis technique that analyzes changes in employment in a set or urban areas or regions (i.e. share in nat'l growth, mix change in activities, shift change in activities in study area
Emergency Preparedness
Teardowns
Aging Industrial Areas, Corridors & Brownfields
Rustbelt ( & Declining Populations)
Right Sizing
TOD
Transit
Traffic Circles & Roundabouts
Housing Market
ARRA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of
Sustainability & Sustainable Development
Green Buildings/LEED (LEED-ND) LEED by USGC, first national system for neighborhood design; merges smart growth,, urbanism, and green building principles
Alternative Energy solar ( most popular), fossil fuels, wind power
Smart Growth
Obesity Emerging Public Health movement
Concurrency 1. Concurrency-based approaches to growth management simply limit development to areas with adequate public infrastructure. The Town of Ramapo, New York produced an influential concurrency-based growth management system.
Form Based Codes method of regulating development to achieve a specific urban (physical) form. focus less on land use thru city or county regulations.
Smart Code model transect-based develpmnt for all scales of planning; keeps towns compact, fixes sprawl, rural lands open
Neo-traditional/ TND
2010 Census Us pop count every 10 yrs; used to set Congressional seats, community services, & $400 bil in fed. funds (local, state, & tribal) each yr
Hazard Mitigation (2000) Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000, requires plans for H.M.; to reduce the probability of damages from hazards
components of hazard mitigation plan explanation how it was created exisiting conditions and problems alternatives identify best actions implementation how will plan be monitored, evaluated and updated.
Seaside, Florida
Level of Service (A, B, C,D,E,F) D and up is too much.
Comprehensive Plans Long range guiding document with broad focus
community develpmnt
zoning and development regulations exactions fees ( Impact fees smart growth
economic development workforce analysis forecasting,attraction, and retention, and revitalization
energy policy fed,state, and local Energy and climate change issues
community gardens and food systems planning food deserts food planning policies
infill develpmnt/growth managment parcel classification
disaster planning disaster mitigation act of 2000 Security policies
Historic Preservation nat'l historic preservation act of 1966 landmark designation historic/cultural resources
housing Housing, factory-built housing (manuf &-pre-fab) homelessness
infrastructure/capital improvements best management practices
environment 1960s/1970s Fed legislation (Clean Water Act) Water & Habitat Management
Parks and Open Space Types of Parks/Classifications Active vs. Passive
Policy Planning specific topics
Social Services fed and state programs Child care & homelessness
transportation and Circulation Complete streets Street Classifications LOS (level of service)
Types of Zoning PUD Overlay TDRs Incentive
Intensity, FAR, Bulk
Intensity, FAR, Bulk
NEPA & Environment Impact Statement (EIS) EIS has 4 sections -Intro: purpose & Need of Proposed Action -Affected Environment -Range of Alternatives (heart of EIS doc) -Analysis of the ENviro impacts of each alternative
PPBS Program Planning BUdgeting system
Zero base budget starting from scratch
Linear (budget)
PERT program evaluation and review technique
GAM Goals Achievement Matrix
Types of presentation techniques PPT, presentation boards, memos, oral presentations, planning document review (entire)
Types of Financing Bonds Assessments Grants TIFs
capital vs Operating Budgeting
(zoning) Intensity Bulk
Planning Commission
Zoning Board of Appeals
FAR
Created by: samplanner