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Anatomy II Test 4

QuestionAnswer
_______ Fat laden lymph Chyle
Give the IMMEDIATE drainage of the following: A.) right intestinal nodes B.) Left deep cervical A. Cisterna chyli of thoracic duct B. Thoracic duct
Besides conduction lymph, list 2 different functions of the lymphatic system immune defense transportation/absorption of fats
_______Cranial nerves associated with the medulla CN 9,10,11,12
_______Name given to the area located IMMEDIATELY external to the dura matter of the spinal cord epidural space
_______name given to the fiber tract running from the hippocampus to the mammillary bodies fornix
______ group of fibers that connects the pons and the cerebellum middle cerebellar peduncle
Cerebrospinal fluid is secreted by _______ and absorbed into a dural venous sinus via the ______ Choroid plexus, arachnoid villa
______ SPECIFIC NAMED part of the midbrain through which corticospinal fibers pass Basal peduncle
_________ basal nucleus that has both limbic and olfactory functions amygdaloid
______ Nucleus involved in the auditory pathway, but NOT located in the midbrain Medial geniculate
______ named area of the diencephalon to which the pineal gland belongs Epithalamus
______ Part of the brain where nucleus cuneatus is located medulla
______ tooth like lateral extensions of the pia around the cord; anchors the pia and arachnoid to the dura denticulate ligament
______ contains ascending ipsilateral sensory fibers (vibration, discriminating touch) from T6 and below fasciculus gracilis
_______ NAME of FUNCTIONAL area adjacent to the calcarine fissure, mostly on the medial aspect primary visual area
_______ SPECIFIC named part of the pons that forms the floor of the 4th ventricle; contains nuclei and tracts tegmentum
_______ extrapyramidal motor nucleus located in the midbrain that is the site of pathology in Parkinson's substantia nigra
______ number(s) given to the primary somatic sensory area 1,2,3
______ named part of brain that maintains equilibrium, adjust muscle tone, influences synergy of muscle movement, etc. Cerebellum
______ type of fibers connecting the cortex with subcortical areas ( the internal capsule would be and example of this type) projections fibers
Where EXACTLY does the thoracic duct end ( as determined by flow)? Be specific. Into the venous system at the junction of the left subclavian vein and the left internal jugular vein
Cranial nerves attached to the pons CN 5,6,7,8
Cord of pia mater extending downward from the inferior end of the spinal cord filum terminale
Name given to the fiber tract running from the hippocampus to the mammillary bodies fornix
Group of fibers that connects the medulla and the cerebellum inferior cerebellar peduncle
Cerebrospinal fluid passes from the 4th ventricle (via small openings) into the ________ subarachnoid space
SPECIFIC NAMED part of the midbrain through which the corticospinal fibers pass basal peduncle
Basal nucleus that has both limbic and olfactory functions amygdaloid nucleus
nucleus involved in the visual pathway; the termination of the optic tract Lateral geniculate
Part of the brain where the nucleus for the abducens nerve is located tegmentum of pons
Contains ascending ipsilateral sensory fibers ( proprioception, vibration, discriminating touch) from T6 and above Fasciculus cuneatus
SPECIFIC named part of the pons that forms the floor of the 4th ventricle; contains nuclei and tracts tegmentum
Extrapyramidal motor nucleus located in the midbrain that is the site of pathology in Parkinson's Substantia nigra
FUNCTIONAL are located in the occipital lobe adjacent to the calcarine fissure; also known as "area 17" (BE SPECIFIC) Primary visual area
Named part of the brain that maintains equilibrium, adjusts muscle tone, influences synergy of muscle movement, etc. cerebellum
Type of fibers connection cortices in opposite hemispheres (example: corpus collosum) commisure
GIve the immediate drainage of the following: A. Deep inguinal nodes B. Lower umbilical region C. Superficial nodes of head D. Right lumbar nodes A. External iliac nodes B. superficial inguinal nodes C. deep cervial nodes D. Cisterna chyli of thoracic duct
Fat laden lymph chyle
Cranial nerves attached to medulla CN 9,10,11,12
Group of fibers that connects the midbrain and the cerebellum Superior cerebellar peduncle
Name of groove on spinal cord where the ventral roots of the spinal nerves attach ventrolateral sulcus
Structure in the tectum of the midbrain involved with visual reflexes ( BE SPECIFIC) superior colliculi
Nucleus involved in the visual pathway; the termination of the optic tract lateral geniculate
The major commissure corpus callosum
Large C-shaped extrapyramidal motor nucleus located in the wall of the lateral ventricle caudate nucleus
FUNCTIONAL area located in temporal lobe; also known as "areas 41,42" Primary auditory area
The "primary somatic sensory area" (areas 3,1,2) is specifically located on the ______of the _______ lobe postcentral gyrus, parietal
Contains ascending ipsilateral sensory fibers (vibration, discriminating touch) from T6 and below fasciculus gracilis
specific part of the telencephalon that contains corticospinal and thalmocortical projection fibers internal capsule
The dural sac extends from the foramen magnum to the _____ segment. The sac is also anchored to the ____ by the filum terminale S2, coccyx
Specific structure(s) by which the cerebrospinal fluid flows from the subarachnoid space into the dural venous sinuses arachnoid granulations
Specific name given to the area just anterior to the substantia nigra basal peduncle
name given to the ventral, bulbous part of the pons basal pons
The region immediately above and posterior to the thalamus; part of the limbic system and contains the pineal gland epithalamus
Connects the lateral and 3rd ventricles interventricular foramina
The fornix runs from the _____ to the ________ hippocampus, mamillary bodies
Specific name given to the white matter of the spinal cord located between the ventral roots and dorsal roots lateral funiculi
Nucleus involved in the visual pathway; the termination of the optic tract lateral geniculate
Cerebrospinal fluid passes from the 4th ventricle into the ______ Subarachnoid space
Functional area on lateral frontal lobe; also known as "areas 44,45" motor speech area
Specific portion of midbrain through which corticospinal fibers pass basal peduncle
part of brainstem which contains nuclei gracilis and cuneatus medulla
The mammillary nucleus is one of the nuclei of the _____ hypothalamus
SPECIFIC location (no numbers) of the primary somatic sensory area on the postcentral gyrus in the parietal lobe
Type of fibers connecting cortices in opposite hemispheres (ex. corpus callosum) commissure
Part of the thalamus involved with the auditory pathway medial geniculate
2 paired bumps located on the superior aspect of the dorsal surface of the midbrain superior colliculi
cranial nerves associated with the pons CN 5,6,7,8
Cord of pia mater extending downward from the inferior end of the spinal cord filum terminale
name given to the fiber tract running from the hippocampus to the mammillary bodies fornix
group of fibers that connects the medulla and cerebellum inferior cerebellar peduncle
Besides the submandibular (submaxillary) and auricular nodes, name 4 SUPERFICIAL groups of nodes in the head submental, occipital, superficial cervical, parotid
Give the immediate drainage of the following A. Lower umbilical region B. Right mediastinal nodes A. Superficial inguinal nodes B. Right lymphatic duct
Specific name given to WHITE matter of the spinal cord located between the ventral roots and ventral median fissure anterior funiculi
group of fibers that connects the pons and the cerebellum middle cerebellar peduncle
Structures by which cerebrospinal fluid from the subarachnoid space enters the superior sagittal sinus arachnoid granulations
Part of the thalamus involved with the auditory pathway medial geniculate
structure in the tectum of the midbrain involved in the auditory pathway (BE SPECIFIC) inferior colliculi
type of fibers connecting the cortex with subcortical areas (ex. internal capsule) projection fibers
FUNCTIONAL are on lateral frontal lobe; also known as "areas 44,45" motor speech area/Broca's area
Name of the BASAL NUCLEUS that is a wedge-shaped extrapyramidal motor nucleus composed of two distinctly different nuclei lenticular nucleus
Alternate name for the dorsal pons tegmentum
The ______ (2 words) extends from the foramen magnum to the second sacral segment Dural sac
Nucleus located in the floor of the hypothalamus; part of the limbic system Mammillary nucleus
Name the cranial nerve NUCLEI located inside the midbrain Oculomotor (3), Trochlear (4), Trigeminal (5)
Specific location of the "primary somatic sensory area" postcentral gyrus in the parietal lobe
Besides the substantia nigra, an extrapyramidal motor nucleus located inside the midbrain Red nucleus
Name given to the piece of dura separating the right and left cerebral hemispheres Falx cerebri
Cerebrospinal fluid exits the ____ via the median and lateral apertures, and then passes into the ____ 4th ventricle, subarachnoid space
Name the functional area on the temporal ad parietal lobes, usually on the left side; also called area 22 sensory language area/ Wernicke's area
Specific name given to the WHITE matter of the spinal cord located between the dorsal and ventral roots (on lateral aspect of cord) Lateral funiculi
Cranial nerves emerging from midbrain CN 3,4
An ovoid nucleus located at the anterior tip of the tail of the caudate, in the temporal lobe; part of the olfactory and limbic systems Amygdaloid nucleus
Name given to that part of the midbrain ventral to the cerebral aqueduct; it consists of the tegmentum and basal peduncle cerebral peduncle
named functional area just anterior to the primary motor area in frontal lobe; also called area 6 Secondary motor area/ premotor area
part of medulla that contains corticospinal tract pyramids
Collective name given to structure(s) formed by the superior and inferior colliculi corpora quadrigemina
Cavity for cerebrospinal fluid located specifically in the diencephalon 3rd ventricle
The dural sac extends from the ____ superiorly to the _____ Foramen magnum, S2
Crainial nerve that supplies sensory input to the carotid body and carotid sinus CN 9 (glossopharyngeal)
Midbrain nucleus that sends fibers to the medial geniculate inferior colliculi
Dermatomes represented in fasciculus cuneatus T6 and above
Area 17 of the cerebral cortex receives fibers from ______ Lateral geniculate
Which of the following are considered upper motor neurons? Circle all that are correct A. caudate nucleus B. Red nucleus C. Mammillary nucleus D. Amygdaloid nucleus A, B
Consider a hemidissection of the right T3 spinal cord. Answer the following questions using the letter choices listed below A. R arm B. L. arm C. R leg D. L leg Where is loss of pain? Where is loss of voluntary motor control? Discriminating touch? D, C, C
SPECIFIC name given to the REGION of the midbrain located between the cerebral aqueduct and the substantia nigra Tegmentum
Give the IMMEDIATE lymphatic drainage of an infection of metastatic tumor cells located in the following areas A. Superficial Cervical nodes B. upper limb C. lower limb D. left bronchial nodes A. Deep cervical nodes B. Axillary nodes C. Deep inguinal nodes D. Thoracic duct
Cranial nerve (name or number) that supplies the sphincter pupillae muscle CN 3
LOBE in which the general sensory cortex is located Parietal
Fibers originating in area 17 and terminating on ipsilateral areas 18 and 19 are categorized as _____ fibers association
In the absorption of cerebrospinal fluid(CSF), the CSF passes from the subarachnoid space into the _____ via the _____ dural sinuses, arachnoid granulations
The primary auditory cortex receives information from the ____ nucleus medial geniculate
Which of the following nuclei are located in thee midbrain? Put all correct A. nucleus gracilus B. red nucleus C. inferior olive D. superior colliculus B,D
Consider a hemidissection of left T3 spinal cord. Name area of body where each of following would be experienced A. R arm B. L arm C. R leg D. L leg Decrease in pain sensation? In discriminating touch sensation? In voluntary motor control? C, D, D
Part of brain where nucleus cuneatus is located Medulla
Number(s) given to the primary somatic sensory area 3,1,2
Name the 2 groups of fibers that terminate in the ventral posterior nucleus of the thalamus 2nd order spinothalamic nerve fibers, 2nd order medial lemniscal nerve fibers
Fibers of the RIGHT fascicles cuneatus terminate on the ____ (right or left) _______ (nucleus) Right, Nucleus cuneatus
In general sensory pathways, all second order neurons terminate on the _______ (name the SPECIFIC nucleus) Ventral posterior nucleus of the thalamus
Created by: trevpeters