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Surface Anatomy

Body Orientation

Superior above/toward head or upper body structure
Inferior below/away from head, lower part of structure(LIVER LATERAL TO LUNG)
Anterior front/nearer to front of body
Posterior back/nearer to or at the back of body
Medial nearer to the midline
Lateral farther from the midline (LUNG LATERAL TO HEART)
Cephalad toward the head
Caudal toward the tail
Dorsal back (cranial cavity-BRAIN)
Ventral belly side
Proximal near (elbow is proximal to the wrist)
distal away from (elbow is distal to shoulder)
Sagittal divides body into (left & right sections)LONGITUDINAL!!!!
frontal divides body into anterior and posterior sections)
transverse/horizontal or cross section (think of magician cutting assistant in half)
BODY CAVITIES/spinal/vertebral spinal cord
ventral-thoracic 2-pleual cavities (EACH LUNG)
pericardial fluid filled space surrounding heart
mediastinum all chest organs EXCEPT LUNGS
PARIETAL lines cavity
ABDOMINOPELVIC REGIONS hypochondriac, epigastric, lumbar, umbilical, iliac & hypogastric
Created by: Denice