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BDSYS1

Digestive System

OrganFunction
Mouth The mouth is the starting point of digestion. Here the process of chewing starts to break down food and enzymes such as salivary lipase and amylase also start to chemically break down the food.
Oesophagus Once you swallow the food moves into the Oesophagus where continual waves of involuntary contraction push the food into the stomach. Depends on mouth to break down food.
Stomach A sac-shaped organ which is attached to the esophagus, it helps to break down and digest the food.
Small Intestine The small intestine along with 3 more organs, which are the pancreas, liver, and gallbladder further break down the food to absorb all the essential nutrients like vitamins, minerals, carbs, proteins, and fats in the food.
Large Intestine The large intestine function in digestion is to separate the waste food into solids and liquids, of which the solid waste comes out as feces.
Gallbladder It's a small organ which is below the liver. It is sac-shaped and stores bile.
Pancreas It is a large gland located behind the stomach, it helps to secrete digestive enzymes into the duodenum.
Esophagus It is a long tube that connects mouth and the stomach, food passes from mouth to stomach via this tube
Liver Liver is the biggest organ in the body after skin. This organ helps in digestion and removes waste products and worn-out cells out of blood.
Epiglottis It's a small flap located at the back of the tongue, it opens at the opening of the esophagus to pass the food, and ensures that the food doesn't go down the windpipe.
Anus It an opening at the end of digestive system, from which the waste matter exit.
Alimentary Canal It is a passage through which the food passes.
Appendix It's a tube-shaped sac, which is joined to the lower end of the large intestine.
Rectum The last section of the large intestine, which stores solid waste.
Salivary Glands They are located in the mouth and help to create saliva.
Created by: ajmitchell
 

 



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