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medterm urination

medical terminology urinary system

TermDefinition
dia- complete or through
-cele hernia
cyst/o urinary bladder
-ectasis enlargement
glomerul/o cluster of capillaries surrounded by membrane called Bowman's Capsule
lith/o stones
-lysis separation
nephr/o kidney
-pexy surgical fixation
pyel/o renal pelvis
ren/o kidney (renal)
-tripsy to crush
ureter/o narrow tubes takes urine from kidney to urinary bladder
urethr/o a narrow tube that takes urine from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
-urea major waste product of protein metabolism
-uria urine
urin/o liquid waste products to be excreted
anuria complete absence of urine
cystalgia urinary bladder pain
cystectomy surgical removal of the urinary bladder
cystitis inflammation of the urinary bladder
cystocele hernia of the urinary bladder through the vaginal wall
cystolith stones in the urinary bladder
cystopexy surgical fixation of the urinary bladder
cystorrhagia abnormal bleeding from the urinary bladder
diuresis increased excretion of urine
diuretics drug to increase excretion of urine
antidiuretic drug to decrease excetion of urine
dysuria difficult or painful urination
enuresis involuntary discharge of urine
epispadias male congenital abnormality which the urethral opening is located on the upper surface of the penis
glomerulonephritis inflammation of the glomerulus of the kidney
hemodialysis removal of waste products by filtering the blood
hydronephrosis dialation of the renal pelvis of one or both kidneys
hydroureter distention of the ureter with urine that cannot flow because the ureter is blocked
hypospadias congenital abnormality where the urethral opening is on the undersurface of the penis
incontinence inability to control excretory function
interstitial cystitis inflammation of the wall of the urinary bladder
lithotomy surgical removal of a stone
lithotripsy crushing of the stone
meatotomy incision of the urinary meatus to enlarge the opening.
micturition urination
nephrectasis enlargement of a kidney
nephritis inflammation of the kidney
nephrolith kidney stone
nephrolithiasis presence of stones in the kidney
nephrolithotomy surgical removal of a kidney stone through an incision into the kidey
nephrologist specialist in kidneys
nephrolysis freeing of the kidney from adhesions
nephropathy diseases of the kidney
nephropexy surgical fixation of a floating kidney
nephroptosis "floating" kidney, downward displacement of the kidney
nephropyosis suppuration (formation or discharge of pus) of the kidney
nephrosis disease of the kidney
nephrostomy surgical opening b/t the pelvis of the kidney through the cortex to the exterior of the body
nephrotic syndrome group of kidney diseases
nocturia excessive urination during the night
oliguria scanty urination
paraspadias congenital disorder where the meatus is on one side of the penis.
peritoneal dialysis filtering of urine through fluid exchange in the peritoneal cavity
polyuria excessive urination
pyelitis renal pelvis inflammation
pyelogram picture of the renal pelvis
pyelonephritis inflammation of the renal pelvis and kidneys
pyeloplasty surgical repair of the renal pelvis
pyelotomy surgical incision into the renal pelvis
suprapubic opening above the pubic bone, into the bladder
uremia toxic condition caused by excessive amounts of waste products and urea in the blood
ureterectasis distention of a ureter
ureterectomy surgical removal of a ureter
ureterolith stone in the ureter
ureteroplasty surgical repair of the ureter
ureterorrhagia bleeding from the ureter
ureterorrhaphy to suture a ureter
ureterostenosis narrowing of the ureter
urethralgia pain in the urethra
urethritis inflammation of the urethra
urethropexy surgical fixation of the urethra
urethroplasty surgical repair of the urethra
urethrorrhagia bleeding from the urethra
urethrorrhea discharge from the urethra
urethrostenosis narrowing of the urethra
urethrostomy surgical creation of an opening between the urethra and the skin
urethrotomy surgical incision into the urethra for relief of a stricture
urography radiographic examination of urinary system
vesicovaginal fissure abnormal opening b/t the bladder and the vagina
medulla inner layer of kidneys contains most of the urine collecting tubules
renal cortex outer layer of the kidney, contains over one million nephrons
urochrome pigment that gives urine its normal yellow collor
micturition urination
voiding normal process of excreting urine...yes urination
urologist specialist in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the urinary system in males and females
ESRD End Stage Renal Disease
Edema excessive fluid in the body tissue
hyperproteinuria abnormally high concentrations of protein (albumin)in the urine
hypoproteinemia abnormally low concentrations of protein (albumin) in blood
UTI urinary tract infection
reflux blockage of the urethra, causing urine to back up into the ureters
urinary retention inability to void or empty the bladder
incontinence the inability to control excretory functions
urinary incontinence the inability to control the voiding of urine
urinary stress incontinence inability to control voiding of urine under physical stress such as running, sneezing, laughing, or coughing
urge incontinence urination occurs involuntarily as soon as an urgent desire to urinate is felt. (triggered by physical movement rather than full bladder
urinalysis examination of the urine to determine the presence of abnormal elements.
dialysis procedure to remove waste products from the blood of patients whose kidneys no longer function.
renal transplant kidney transplant
Created by: cbiondillo