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Chabner Chapter 11

The Cardiovascular System (Pathology)

TermDefinition
Aneurysm (blood vessels) Local widening (dilation) of an arterial wall.
Arrhythmias (heart) Abnormal heart rhythms (dysrhythmias).
Bradycardia and heart block (atrioventricular block) (heart) Failure of proper conduction of imputlses from the SA node through the AV node to the atrioventricular bundle (bundle of His).
Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) (heart) Passageway (ductus arteriosus) between the aorta and the pulmonary artery remains open (patent) after birth.
Congenitial heart disease (heart) Abnormalities in the heart at birth.
Congestive heart failure (CHF) (heart) Heart is unable to pump its required amount of blood.
Coronary artery disease (CAD) (heart) Disease of the arteries surrounding the heart.
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) (blood vessels) Blood clot (thrombus) forms in a large vein, usually in a lower limb.
Endocarditis (heart) Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart.
Fibrillation (heart) Very rapid, random, inefficient, and irregular contractions of the heart (350 beats or more per minute).
Flutter (heart) Rapid but regular contractions , usually of the atria.
Hypertension (HTN) (blood vessels) High blood pressure.M
Hypertensive heart disease (heart) High blood pressure affecting the heart.
Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) (heart) Improper closing of the mitral valve.
Murmur (heart) Extra heart sound, heard between normal beats.
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) (heart) Passageway (ductus arteriosus) between the aorta and the pulmonary artery remains open (patent) after birth.
Pericarditis (heart) Inflammation of the membrane (pericardium) surrounding the heart.
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) (blood vessels) Blockage of arteries carrying blood to the legs, arms, kidneys, and other organs.
Raynaud disease (blood vessels) Recurrent episodes of pallor and cyanosis primarily in fingers and toes.
Rheumatic heart disease (heart) Heart disease caused by rheumatic fever.
Septal defects (heart) Small holes in the wall between the atria (atrial septal defects) or the ventricles (ventricular septal defects).
Tetralogy of Fallot (heart) Congenitial malformation involvinf four distinct heart defects.
Varicose veins (blood vessels) Abnormally swollen and twisted veins, usually occurring in the legs.
Created by: mrssmith0725