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Haney GPc6

QuestionAnswer
How many main structural layers does the skin have? Three
---is an eruption of extremely painful viscles that occur in a bandlike unilateral pattern along the course of a peripheral nerve Herpes zoster
What is one of the most common skin disorders marked by inflammatory condition of the sebacceous glands? Seborrheic Dermatitis
What is the goal of treatment for Psoriasis? To reduce inflammation and slow the rapid growth of skin cells that cause the condition
What is the cause of Shingles? The herpes varicella-zoster virus (VZV), which also causes Chickenpox
What is Impetigo? A common, contagious, superficial skin infection.
What are the treatment methods are/may be used for Furuncles and Carbuncles? Hot compresses to relieve discomfort, Antibiotic treatment, and Surgical intervention may be used
Is Tinea Capitis contagious among children? Yes
What causes Athlete's Foot? Several species of fungi that can invade the skin or nails, especially if integrity of the skin is compromised
What are other names for Decubitus Ulcers? Pressure ulcers, or bed sores
What are some of the prevention measures for pressure ulcers? Frequent inspection of the skin for signs of breakdown, alleviation of pressure points over bony prominences, good skin care, early ambulation when possible, position changes every two hours, passive range-of-motion exercises
What is the difference between Benign and Premalignant tumors? Benign tumors are usually a cosmetic problem only, while Premalignant tumors must be identified and treated as soon as possible to prevent them from becoming malignant, examples include actinic keratosis and nevi
What, collectively, represents the most common type of malignancy? Skin cancers, basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and malignant melanoma
What is the most serious of the three types of skin cancer? Malignant Melanoma
Contact dermatitis can be induced by irritation; sensitization; or photoallergy
Most common dermatitis during infancey, aka Cradle cap seborrheic dermatitis
What is the treatment for Folliculitis? In mild cases, a topical antiseptic cleanser is used daily/every other day for several weeks. More extensive involvement requires a systemic antibiotic
What is the difference between Warts and Corns/Calluses? Warts are elevated growths of the epidermis that can result in hyperplasia, while Corns/Calluses are localized hyperplastic areas of the stratum corneum layer of the epidermis
Can deformed or discolored nails always be treated? Yes, deformaties/discoloration normally goes away when the illness is corrected (if caused by an illness); damaged nails usually grow back in/grow out again in about 9 months
What is an infection of the skin around the nail called? Paronychia
How is Paronychia treated? Antibiotics or an antifungal cream or paint is prescribed
What do the ABCDEs of Malignant Melanoma stand for? A= Asymmetry, B=Border, C=Color, D=Diameter, E= Evolving
What is an important feature in distinguishing Basal Cell Carcinoma from Squamous Cell Carcinoma? Hyperkeratosis
Where are Acrochordons (Skin Tags) found? In the axilla, on the neck, and on the inguinal areas of the body
What is the cause of Actinic Keratosis? Long-term exposure to light
Created by: mhtgroup