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GP Chapter 2

QuestionAnswer
Premature babies range in what weight? From 12 oz. to 8 oz.
Prematurity is the result of which gestational week of pregnancy? Before the 37th.
What does Bronchopulmonary Dsyplasia result from? An insult to the neonate's lungs.
What is the goal of treatment for Bronchopulmonary Dsyplasia? The replacement of the damaged alveoli.
What is Retinopathy of Prematurity is also known as what? Retrolental Fibroplasia
What is Down Syndrome? A congenital form of mild to severe mental retardation accompanied by characteristic facial features and distinctive physical abnormalities.
Infants with Down Syndrome have an extra chromosome on what number? Number 21 (trisomy 21).
Which disorder is the most common crippler in children? Cerebral Palsy
What are the three major types of Cerebral Palsy? Spastic, Athetoid, and Ataxic
Which disorder is a progressive degeneration and weakening of the skeletal muscles? Muscular Dystrophy
What is the most common and best-known type of Muscular Dystrophy? Duchenne MD
Which defect has a protrusion of a portion of the spinal cord and the meninges usually in the lumbar region? Myelomeningocele
Which is the most severe form of neural tube defect? Anencephaly
What defect results from the enlargement of the head? Hydrocephalus
What causes an increased intracranial pressure in hydrocephalus? A large amount of CSF accumulates in the skull.
Name the Acyanotic Defects. Ventricular Septal Defect, Patent Ductus Arteriosus, Coarctation of the Aorta, and Atrial Septal Defect.
What is the most common congenital cardiac disorder? Ventricular Septal Defect
Which defect is characterized by a narrowed aortic lumen causing a partial obstruction of blood flow through the aorta? Coarctation of the Aorta
Name the Cyanotic Defects. Tetralogy of Fallot and Transposition of the Great Arteries.
What is a sign that the atrial blood is not fully oxygenated? Central Cyanosis
Which condition is a deformity of a newborn's foot in which the anterior half of the foot is adducted and inverted? Clubfoot (Talipes Equinovarus)
What causes Cleft Lip and Palate? A failure in the embryonic development of the fetus.
What is the most common kidney tumor of childhood? Wilm's Tumor
What are the clinical effects of Cystic Fibrosis? Dry paroxysmal cough, exercise intolerance, pneumonia, bulky diarrhea, vomiting, and bowel obstruction.
What results from a loss of the second X chromosome caused by nondisjunction during gamete formation? Turner's Syndrome
Created by: mhtgroup