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Lesson 4-

Body Structure

anatomic position when a person is standing erect with arms at the side and palms facing forward
anterior nearer to or toward the front: ventral
posterior nearer to or toward the back: dorsal
ventral belly side, same as anterior for humans
dorsal directed toward or situated on the back side: same as posterior surface for humans
medial middle or nearer the middle
median middle or nearer the middle
lateral toward the sied; denoting position farther from midline of the body or from a structure
superior- uppermost or above
inferior lowermost or below
proximal nearest the origin or point of attatchment
distal far or distant from the origin or point of attatchment
celaphad toward the head
caudad toward the tail or in a posterior direction
dorsal cavity located near the posterior part of the body (cranial & spinal)
cranial contains brain
spinal contains spinal cord and beginning of spinal nerves
ventral cavity located near the anterior part (thoracic & abdominopelvic)
viscera large organs contained in the ventral cavity
thoracic chest cavity
abdominopelvic abdominal and pelvic
diaphragm divides the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities
peritoneum lines the abdominopelvic cavity and enfolds the internal organs
adhesion sticking together of two structures that are normally seperate
abdomin/o- abdominal
acr/o- extremities
blephar/o- eyelid
cephal/o- head
chir/o- hand
cyst/o- cyst, bladder or sac
dactyl/o- digit
lapar/o- abdominal wall
omphal/o- umbilicus
onych/o- nail
pelv/i- pelvis
periton/o- peritoneum
som/a body
somat/o body
thorac/o chest
abdominothoracic pertains to the abdomen and thorax
abdominocentesis (abdominal paracentesis) a surgical procedure to remove excess fluid from abdominal cavity or to inject a therapeutic agent
peritonitis can result if infectious microorganisms gain access by way of operative incisions or by the rupture or perforation of the viscera or associated structures
laparotomy incision through the abdominal wall
laparocholecystostomy incision into gallbladder through abdominal wall
laparocolostomy formation of permanent opening in the colon through the abdominal wall
laparocystotomy abdominal incision to remove a cyst or an embryo that has implanted outside the uterus
laparogastrotomy abdominal incision into the stomach
laparohepatotomy incision of the liver through the abdominal wall
laparohysterectomy removal of the uterus through in an incision in the abdominal wall
laparohysteropexy attatchment of the uterus to the abdominal wall
laparorrhaphy suture of the abdominal wall
laparoscopy abdominal exploration using a laparascope, an instrument used to view the interior of the abdomen
laparosplenotomy incision of the spleen through an abdominal operation
cholecyst/o- gallbladder
col/o- colon
gastr/o- stomach
hepat/o- liver
hyster/o uterus
splen/o- spleen
pelvic pertaining to a pelvis, usually the bony pelvis
cephalopelvic disproportion situation where head of the feuts is to large for the mothers pelvis
omphalos is greek for the umbilical cord or umbilicus
omphalitis inflamed condition of the navel
omphalocele congenital hernia of the umbilicus
omphalorrhexis rupture of the navel
omphalorrhagia rupture of the navel
cephalometry measurement of the dimensions of the head
cephalagia mean pain in the head or headache
cephalodynia mean pain in the head or headache
dactylography study of fingerprints
dactylospasm cramping of a finge or toe
dactylitis inflammation of the bones of the fingers and toes
chiropody pertaining to the hands and feet
chirospasm cramping of the hand
chiroplasty plastic surgery of the hand
onychophagist habitually bites the nails
crin/o secrete
-crine secrete
dacry/o- tear, tearing, crying
lacrim/o- tear, tearing , crying
-emia blood
hem/a blood
hem/o blood
hemat/o- blood
hidr/o- sweat or perspiration
hydr/o- water
lymph/o- lymph
muc/o- mucus
py/o- pus
sial/o- saliva
ur/o- urine
Created by: SHOSELYN