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Chabner Chapter 12

The Respiratory System (Clinical Procedures)

Bronchoscopy Fiberoptic endoscope examination of the bronchial tubes.
Chest x-ray (CXR) Radiographic image of the thoracic cavity (chest film).
Computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest Computer-generated series of x-ray images show thoracic structures in cross section and other planes.
Endotrachial intubation Placement of a tube through the mouth into the pharynx, larynx, and trachea to establish an airway.
Laryngoscopy Visual examination of the voice box.
Lung biopsy Removal of lung tissue followed by microscopic examination.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the chest Magnetic waves create detailed images of the chest in frontal, lateral and cross-sectional (axial) planes.
Mediastinoscopy Endoscopic visual examination of the mediastinum.
Postitron emission tomography (PET) scan of the lung Radioactive glucose is injected and images reveal metabolic activity to the lungs.
Pulmonary function tests Tests that measure the ventillation mechanics of the lungs (airway function, lung volume, and capacity of the lungs to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide efficiently).
Thoracentesis Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space.
Thoracotomy Large surgical incision of the chest.
Thoracoscopy (thorascopy) Visual examinatio of the chest via small incisions and use of an endoscope.
Tracheostomy Surgical creation of an opening into the trachea through the neck.
Tuberculin test Determines past or present tuberculous infection based on a positive skin reaction.
Tube thoracostomy Chest tube is passed through an opening in the chest to continuously drain a pleural effusion.
Ventilation-perfusion (V/Q)scan Detection device records radioactivity in the lung after injection of a radioisotope or inhalation of small amount of radioactive gas (xenon).
Created by: mrssmith0725



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