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Liz AP2 T5 Respir

AP2 ST120 T5 Respiratory

QuestionAnswer
Pulmonary Edema Accumulation of fld in the lungs
Pharyngitis Sore throat
Pertussis Whooping cough
COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Bronchoscopy visual examination of the bronchi
TB is an infectious ds that Usually attacks the lungs
Which of the following structures does NOT make up part of the UPPER respiratory tract Trachea (Nose, Pharynx, Sinuses do)
The thin wall that covers the inside of the alveoli Surfactant
Which of the following structures does NOT make up part of the LOWER respiratory tract Sinuses (Trachea, Bronchi, and Lungs are)
External Respiration is exchange of gases bt the blood and ____ by diffusion Lungs
The Respiratory ____ is the membrane that lines most of the air distribution tubes in the respiratory system Mucosa
Two short fiberous bands that stretch across the interior of the larynx Vocal cords
The Inspiratory muscle includes the diaphragm and The external intercostals
T/F - The act of inhalation is a passive process FALSE
The cartilage that forms the Adam's apple is the Thyroid cartilage
During expiration, the ___ returns to an upward position, reducing the volume in the thoracic cavity Diaphragm
The term ___ describes very rapid and deep respirations Hyperventilation
Chest Thorac/o
___ an acute infection of the lungs Pneumonia
___ abnormal enlargement of the alveoli d/t the destruction of the alveolar walls Emphyzema
A tracheotomy is done to Gain access to an airway below a blockage, create and open airway to facilitate breathing
A ___ is usually an emergency procedure in which an incision is made into the trachea to gain access to the airway below a blockage Tracheotomy
A Pulmonary Lobectomy is performed for excise benign lesions, malignant lesions, metastatic malignant lesions
A Pulmonary Lobectomy is excision of one or more lobes of the lungs
To breath Spir/o
_____ is a surgical puncture of the chest wall with a needle to obtain fld from the pleural cavity Thoracentesis
___ is usually an emergency procedure which an incision is made into the trachea to gain access to the airway below a blockage Tracheotomy
AKA runny nose, is the watery flow of mucus from the nose Rhinorrhea
What area of the brain contains the inspiratory and expiratory centers Medulla
The ___ volume is the amt of air that can be forcibly inspired over and above a normal inspiration Inspiratory Reserve
The main purpose of the epiglottis is to Prevent food from entering the trachea
The R and L bronchus are structures that make up the Primary Bronchi
The bronchioles are subdivided into microscopic tubes called Alveolar ducts
The ___ pleura lines the wall of the thoracic cavity Parietal
The ___ pleura covers the lungs Visceral
What is the substance that helps reduce surface tension in the alveoli Surfactant
An individual alveolar sac is made up of numerous Alveoli
The ___ muscle flattens out when it contracts during inspiration Diaphragm
____ is accumulation of pus or infected fld in the pleural cavity Empyema
____ is a very serious life-threatening condition that often affects prematurely born infants of less than 37 wks gestation or those who weigh less than 2.2 kg. It is characterized by lack of surfactant. Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Another name give to nostrils External Nares
Which of the following is NOT considered to be paranasal sinus Occipital (Frontal, Sphenoidal, Ethmoidal are)
What is the structure that is identified by many as the throat Pharynx
The lowest segment of the pharynx is called Laryngopharynx
The Palatine Tonsils are located in the Oropharynx
The space b/t the vocal cords is called the Glottis
The ___ nerves stimulates the diaphragm Phrenic
Failure to resume breathing after a prolonged period of apnea is called Respiratory arrest
Pneumothorax is the presence of ___ in the intrapleural space Air.
Inflammation of the pleura that causes pain when the membranes rub together is called Pleurisy
The process that involves the moving of air into and out of the lungs Ventilation
When the cells actually use O2 in the process of metabolism it is called Cellular Respiration
What type of muscles are responsible for respiration that involves enlargment the chest cavity Inspiratory
All of the following are roles of the Paranasal Sinuses EXCEPT Vital capacity (Are lined with mucus membranes, Help lighten the skull, and Assist in the sound production are)
The amt of air that can be forcibly exhaled after expiring the tidal volume is called The Expiratory Reserve Volume
What mucus covered structures are curved, scroll like bones located in the nasal cavity Nasal conchae
Where are the chemoreceptors that are sensitive to increases in blood CO2 and decreases in blood O2 levels located Carotid and Aortic bodies
The largest amt of air that we can breathe out in one expiration is known as Vital capacity
The surface of the respiratory membrane inside the alveolus is covered with Surfactant
What is the outer surface covering of the lungs and the lining of the inner surface of the rib cage called Pleura
Created by: elizabeth-mcw