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Coding prefix & term

directions and positions

ab- (ex. abduction) away from
ad- (ex. adduction) toward
ante-, pre-, pro- (ex. antepardum, precancerous, prostate) before
dia- (ex. diameter) through, complete
ecto-, ex-, exo- (ex. ectopic, exocrine, exophthalmos) out, outside, away from
en-, endo-, inter-(ex. endoscope) within, inside
epi- (ex. epigastric) above, on, upon
hypo- (ex. hypoglycemic) sub, beneath, under, deficient
infra-, sub- (ex. Infrastructure, subheptic) below,under
sub- (ex. subcutaneous) under
intra- (intravenous) within, in, into
ipsi- (ex. ipsilateral) same
meso- (ex. mesopexy) middle
peri- (ex. pericardium) surrounding, around
post- (ex. postpoartum) after, behind
re-, retro- (ex. resection, retroversion) behind, backward
super-, supra- (ex. superior, subrapubic) above, upper, beyond
trans- (ex. transheptic) across, through
anterior or ventral at or near the front surface of the body
posterior or dorsal at or near the back surface of the body
superior above
inferior below
lateral side
distal farthest from center
proximal nearest to center
medial middle
supine face up or palm up
prone face down or palm down
sagittal vertical body plane, divides the body into equal right and left sides
transverse horizontal body plane, divedes the body into top and bottom sections
coronal vertical body plane, divides the body into front and back sections
para- (ex. paralysis) abnormal, near, beside
Created by: roons3