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WVSOM anat- head #2

Soft tissue anat from pg52-73

QuestionAnswer
The platysma muscle rises from the _____ and passes, in some cases, over the manidble of the cheek neck
The platysma muscle is supplied by the _______branch of the ________ nerve cervical branch of the facial nerve
The sternohyoid muscle originates from the _______ ______ of the sterum and inserts on the body of the ______ jugular notch of the sternum and the body of the hyoid
This muscle is directly medial to the omohyoid muscle (superior belly) sternohyoid muscle
The sternohyoid is the most superficial of the __________ muscles infrahyoid muscles
the infrahyoid muscles are innervated by the ________ _____ of the ______ ______ inferior root of the ansa cervicalis (c2,c3)
The sternothyroid muscle is deep to the _________ m and it also originates at the jugular notch and inserts at the oblique line of the ________ _________ sternohyoid; thyroid cartliage
This muscle is a continuation of the sternothyroid m. and it originates at the oblique line of the thyroid cartliage and inserts at the greater horn of the _______ ______ thyrohyoid muscle; hyoid bone
two muscles are connected through the central tendon, what are they the inferior and superior bellies of the omohyoid m.
The inferior belly of the omohyoid continues posteriorly to attach to the superior portion of the _________ scapula, near the scapular notch
This branch of the facial nerve courses under the mandible and ascends to supply the muscles around the ________ of the _______ mandibular; corner of the mouth
The sensory nerves of the cervical plexus originate from the spinal segments of ____ through ___ C2 - C4
The sensory nerves of the cervical plexus pass through the _______fascia and the investing layer of the ______ fascia at the midpoint of the sternocleidomastoid muscle prevertebral; cervical
The lesser occipital nerve usually only originates from C2
the lesser occipital nerve travels posterior to the ____________ m and innervates the skin posterior to the ________ ___ SCM ; external ear
The greater auricular nerve contains fibers from the ventral rami of _____ and _____ c2 and c3
This nerve crosses the SCM to innervate the skin covering the angle of the mandible and anterior to the pinna of the external ear greater auricular nerve
The transverse cervical nerve is formed by c2 and c3 and it innervates the skin of the anterior ____ c2-c3; neck
the supraclavicular nerve comes from _____ and ____ and breaks up into ______ _______ ______ branches to supple the skin over the shoulder and anterior thorax c3-c4; anterior, middle and posterior
a number of nerves leave the cervical plexus to join the spinal accesory nerve. These provide (afferent or efferent) information from the receptors in the trap and SCM afferent
This large vein runs superficial to the SCM external jugular vein
Most commonly the external jugular recieves blood from this vein retromandibular vein (with blood from facial and maxillary veins)
Where does the external jugular drain into subclavian
This nerve lies directly on top of the carotid sheath ansa cervicalis
The ansa cervicalis is the (sensory or motor) portion of the cervical plexus and supplies these muscles motor; infrahyoid
The carotid sheath (thick connective tissue)contains what vessels common carotid, internal jugular vein
name how the internal jugular, common carotid and vagus nerve lie in the carotid sheath (medial to lateral) common carotid, vagus, internal jugular vein
This artery splits off of the common carotid to supply the brain internal carotid
the external carotid supplies what the superficial structures in the head and neck
This is the first branch of the external carotid and it supplies the thyroid superior thyroid artery
This branch of the vagus nerve accompanies the superior thyroid artery superior laryngeal nerve
This artery typically branches off of ex. carotid art. and supplies the pharyngeal muscles ascending phayngeal a.
The sinus nerve is a (sensory or motor) branch of CN9 and CN10 and it carries information from the blood pressure receptors in the _________sinus and chemoreceptors in the _________body sensory; carotid ;carotid
The lingual artery branches off of the _______ ______a. and it supplies what ext. carotid; tongue
The facial artery branches off of _______ ______ a and it supplies what ext. carotid; facial structures
The occipital a. branches off of ______ _______ an it supples the muscle and skin of what area ext. carotid; posterior regoin of the skull
The anterior scalene attaches between the 1st rib and the transverse processes of what vertebrae C3-C6
What nerve lies anterior to the anterior scalene m. phrenic n
The internal jugular vein meets with the subclavian on the anterior surface of this muscle anterior scalene
The roots of the brachial plexus and the subclavian artery are between what two structures (near the 1st rib) posterior to the anterior scalene, anterior to the middle scalene
The posterior scalene is similar to the middle scalene except that it attaches to the ____ ____ 2nd rib (middle attaches to the 1st rib)
The middle scalene attaches to what cervcial transverse processes C2-c7
The thyroid gland exists (superior or inferior) to the larynx inferior
this connects the two lobes of the thyroid gland isthmus
name the artery and vein that supply the superior portion of the thyroid superior thyroid artery and vein
the inferior thyroid artery come off what artery and does the thryroid vein travel with the artery thyrocervical trunk, no, it lies midline (off of the brachiocephalic trunk)
the larynx is located anterior or posterior to the esophagus anterior
This is the opening of the larynx in which air, from the pharynx, comes through to enter the trachea aditus
the vestibule (of the larynx) exists superior the _____ _____ _____ true vocal folds
the vestibular,false, vocal folds lie superior or inferior to the true vocal folds superior
This is the small space between the vestibular and false vocal folds ventricle
Air will enter the opening between the vocal folds called the rima glottidis
This is the only muscle that exists externally on the larynx cricothryroid m
The criocothyroid muscle attaches to the cricoid and thyroid cartilidges on the (medial or lateral) aspect of the larynx lateral
Does the cricothyroid muscle raise or lower pitch raise (by pulling on the thyroid cartilage
The only muscle to be supplied by the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve is the cricothyroid m.
The cricothryoid joint is a ______ joint synovial
The cricothryoid cartilage/membrane helps prevent excessive movement of this thyroid cartliage
This is a branch of the superior thryoid artery that supplies the larynx superior laryngeal artery
the superior laryngeal artery and this branch of the vagus nerve pass through the thyroihyoid membrane to supply the mucosa of the larynx internal branch of the superior laryngeal nerve
the internal branch of the superior laryngeal nerve gives sensory or motor fibers to the mucosa of the larynx superior to the true vocal cords sensory
This nerve courses between the trachea and the esophagus and terminates in the larynx recurrent laryngeal nerve (branch of the vagus)
Name the vessels that the recurrent laryngeal nerve courses under on the right and left side left: aorta; right : subclavian
The recurrent laryngeal n. supplies the straited or smooth muscle of the esophagus and the straited or smooth muscle of the posterior trachea straited; smooth
the tracheal glands receive sympathetic or parasympathic innervation from the recurrent laryngeal nerve parasym
The recurrent laryngeal n ends as this nerve inferior laryngeal n.
the inferior laryngeal n. gives motor or sensory fibers to some intrinsic laryngeal muscles and motor or sensory fibers tot he layngeal muscosa inferior to the vocal folds motor; sensory
This cartliage makes up most of the anterior part of the larynx thyroid cartliage
What is the laryngeal prominence an anterior sagittal keel of the thyroid cartliage
This cartliage of the larynx is ring shaped with and enlarge flattened lamina posteriorly criocoid cartliage
this membran connects the thyroid cartliage with the hyoid bone thryohyoid membrane
What is the best way to enter the airway during an emergency situation and why the cricothyroid membrane b/c there are no blood vessels or nerves around to damage it and it is a soft spot and b/c there is no cartilage there so it is easy to penetrate. it does however impinge on the vocal cords so it is not a replacement.
What are the cartliages sitting superiorly, on the cricoid cartliages arytenoid cartliages
This is the most superior portion of the larynx and makes up the superior boundary of the aditus epiglotis (which contains epiglotic cartliage)
the superior portion of the larynx contains oblique and transvers fibers making up the _______m arytenoid m.
The arytenoid m. acts to close off the ______ __________ and it runs between the two arytenoid cartliages rima glottidis
This "fold" passes from the arytenoid cartliage to the epiglottis aryepiglottic fold
This muscle originates from the cricoid lamina, inserts on the muscular porcess of the arytenoid cartilage and acts as an abductor of the vocal folds posterior criocoarytenoid muscle
What is the only intrinsic muscle of the larynx that abducts the vocal folds and therefor opens the rima glottidis posterior criocoarytenoid muscle
lateral cricoarytenoid muscle acts to (tense or relax) and (abduct or adduct) the vocal folds to close the glottis tense, adduct
The thyroarytenoid muscle (tenses or relaxes) and (abducts or adducts) the vocal folds to close the glottis relax (shorten the vocal cord), adducts
This muscle acts to move the epiglottis anteriorly, therefore opening the aditus (blank)
of the larynx thyroepiglottic muscle
The tracheal rings are "c" in shape and the muscle that completes the gap in between is called the _________ muscle (and what kind of muscle is it made of trachealis; smooth
The piriform recess is located in the ? laryngopharynx
This large muscle is located on the lateral surface of the larynx and it attaches to the oblique line of the thyroid cartliage inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscle
this muscle is part of the inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscle that attach to the sides of the criocoid cartliage criocopharyngeal muscle
the criocopharyngeal muscle serves as a _______ between the laryngeal pharynx and the esophagus spincter muscle
The middle pharyngeal constrictor muscle attaches to the greater and lesser _______ of the _______ and to the distal end of the stylohyoid _______ horns of the hyoid bone; ligament
The inferior and middle laryngeal constrictor muscles are supplied by the pharyngeal plexus
this structure is immediately inferior to the cricopharyngeus m. of the pharynx esophagus
This fascia lies on the posterior surface of the esophagus and pharynx buccopharyngeal fascia
between the buccopharyngeal fascia and the prevertebral fascia lies the__________ _______ retropharyngeal space
The prevertebral fascia covers the _________ muscles prevertebral
the longus colli m. is an (anterior or posterior) muscle of the vertebra anterior (hence prevertebral)
This prevertebral muscle attaches to transverse cervical processes and runs superiomedially to attach to the midline of the vertebra longus colli muscle
The highest attachement for the longus colli muscle is: the anterior tubercle of the atlas
This prevertebral muscle originates at the transverse cervical processes and attaches at the skull base, superior to the foramen magnum longus capitis
the longus capitus and longus colli muscles are innervated by ventral rami of cervical spinal nerves
This muscle arises from the anterior ______ of the atlas and attaches to the skull base rectus capitis anterior m.
theis muscle arises fromthe transverse process of the atlas and attaches to the skull base rectus capitis lateralis m.
the submandibular gland is a _______ gland and is located inferior to the ______ salivary, mandible
this muscle attaches to the midline of the mandible and to the intermediate tendon anterior belly of the digastric
the posterior belly of the digastric attaches to the _______ ______ (of the temporal bone) and the inferior border of the ________ mastoid notch; mandible
The intermediate tendon is harnessed to the greater horn of the hyoid by a _______ ______ fibrous loop
Name the innervations of the posterior and anterior belly of the digastric posterior (facial), anterior (mandibular branch of trigeminal)
This muscle attaches at the mylohyoid line of the mandible and inserts on the body of the hyoid bone AND is deep to the anterior belly of the digastric mylohyoid muscle
B/c of the angle of the muscle in this muscle, the muscle attaches to a midline raphe which begins at the mandibular symphysis to the hyoid bone mylohyoid muscle
The geniohyoid is directly inferior to the mylohyoid muscle, name its insertions and origins The geniohyoid is directly inferior to the mylohyoid muscle, name its insertions and origins
The lingual artery passes deep to this muscle and originates at the hyoid bone, inserts at the body of the tongue hyoglossus m
name the insertion and origin for styloglossus muscle origin: styloid process, insertion: body of the tongue
Deep to the geniohyoid muscle is this muscle which begins at the superior spine of the mandibular symphysis to insert on the _______ genioglossus; tongue
The sublingual gland sits btween the mandible and the ________ m genioglossus m.
The attachment of this muscle is split by the central tendon of the digastric muscle stylohyoid m.
This vein drains into the external and internal jugular and pierces through the parotid gland retromandibular gland
The external carotid artery divides into two branches within the parotid gland, what are they superficial temporal artery and maxillary artery
the masseter muscle runs from the inferior part of the _________ ______ to the lateral aspect of the _________ zygomatic arch; mandible
The masseter muscle is innervated by: masseteric muscle (branch of mandibular n.)
the masseteric _______ and ________ lie in the space deep to the masseter m. artery and nerve
The temporalis muscle is covered by _________fascia temporalis
The temporalis muscle orginiates at the ________ part of the _______ and inserts at the ______ proces and the anterior margin of the mandibular ramus lateral part of the skull; coronoid
The temporalis muscle is innervated by: masseter nerve
the temporalis muscle provides sheering power to the (anterior or posterior) teeth anterior
This nerve and artery are located in the infratemporal fossa and enter the mandibular foramen inferior alveolar nerve and artery
The inferior alveolar n. and a. end as the: mental artery and n.
This nerve branches off o the inferior alvelor nerve at the mandibular formen mylohyoid n.
the lingual nerve courses to the superior or inferior tongue inferior
the laterl pterygoid m. arise by two heads (name them) and insert at the condylar porcess of the mandible and to articular disc of the TMJ superior head: attached to greater wing of spheniod; inferior head: attaching to the lateral surface of the lateral pterygoid plate
the lateral pterygoid m. is designed primarily to pull the mandible and articular disc anterior or posterior anterior
if the lateral pterygoid is contracted bilaterally, what happens tot he attachment to the disc and mandible protrusion and depression
if the lateral pterygoid is contracted unilaterally, what happens to the mandible the mandible deviates to the opposite side such as in grinding of the molars
what is the lateryl pterygoid innervated by mandibular nerve (v3)
this nerve carries taste fiber for the anter. 2/3 of the tongue and secretomotor axons for the submandibular ganglion chorda tympani
the chorda tympani extends through the __________ fissure which allows it to leave the cranium petrotympanic
The middle meningeal artery (a branch of ________ a) passes deep to the lateral pterygoid m. and through the ________ _________ to enter the cranium maxillary a., foramen spinosum
This artery, being one of the last arteries to branch off of the maxillary, supplies some of the maxilliary teeth posterior superior alveolar artery
These branches of the maxillary supply the face and the hard palate respectively infraorbital artery; greater palantine artery
Name the branches of the trigeminal nerve that contain both motor and sensory components mandibular nerve (v3)
The otic ganglion exists medially to which trigeminal nerve and it is directly superior or inferior to the formamen ovale mandibular nerve; inferior
the auriculartemporal nerve ( a branch of mandibular) encircles the ______ _________ a and travels toward the external acoustic meatus. It then courses with the _________ ________ a and supplies what middle meningeal a,;superficial temporal a.; skin on the side of the head
the buccal nerve (of CN5) supplies what the buccal nerve (of CN5) supplies what
The mental nerve (a branch of inferior alvelor n) supplies what the skin over the chin
this nerve of CN5 supplies the mucosa of the naterior 2/3 of tounge, floor of mouth, and adjacent gingiva lingual n.
the articular disc of the TMJ allows which two movements to occur simutaneously open/close and protract/retract
The TMJ is divided into and upper and lower portion via a disc and ligament
The upper portion of the TMJ (between the disc and temporal bone) is responsible for what movement anterior/posterior sliding of the jaw.
The lower portion of the TMJ (b/n the disc and the condylar process is responsible for what movement abductions and adduction
The medial pterygoid muscle has two attachements, one to the medial surface of the _________ ________ plate and another to the tubercle of the _________ lateral pterygoid plate;maxilla
the medial pterygoid is innervated by what and allows for what movement mandibular nerve;grinding of the molars
the pterygomandibular raphe is an attachment for what two muscles and itself is attached to the pterygoid _________ buccinator and superior pharyngeal constrictor m.; hammulus
This is the fascia that covers the buccinator and the superior pharyngeal constrictor m. buccopharyngeal fascia
the superior pharyngeal constrictor m. attaches throught a median raphe but it's most superior fibers attach on the basiooccipital bone at the ________ _______ pharyngeal tubercle
Name the innervation of the stylohyoid m. CN7
Name the innervation of the styloglossus m CN12
The stylopharyngeal m. attaches at the styloid and in b/n what two muscle and, lastly, what is it innervated by the superior and middle pharyngeal constrictor m.; cn9
name the lig. running from the styloid to the hyoid stylohyoid ligament
this nerve emerges from the jugular foramen and it runs posterior to the stylopharynegeus glossopharyngeal
this plexus provides sensory (from CN9) to the mucosa of the pharynx and it receives fibers from the vagus which supply some motor to the pharynx pharyngeal plexus
A small branch of this nerve runs to the carotid sinus CN9
CN 9 provides sensory to what structures posterior 1/3 tongue, tonsils, soft palate and palantine arches.
The sensory leg of the gag reflex is enabled through which nerve glossopharyngeal
CN 9 has two ganglia associated with it, what are they inferior and superior ganglia of CN 9
The vagus has two ganglia associated with it as it leaves the jugular foramen, name them superior, jugular ganglion and inferior nodose ganglion
The fibers from CN 9 and 10 that go to the pharyngeal plexus go between what two vessels int. and ext carotid a. (to enter the pharyngeal wall)
The vagus gives motor fibers to the muscles of the pharynx (except what muscle?) and the muscles of the soft palate (except what muscle) stylopharyngeus and tensor palati
the superior and recurrent laryngeal are branches of what nerve vagus
The sympathetic trunk is superficial or deep to the vagus and carotid sheath deep
This ganglion of the sympathetic trunk lies at the CV2-3 region and provides postganglionic sympathetic fibers to structures in the head superior cervical ganglion
Branches of the sympathetic that lie on the internal and external carotids are labeled as the carotid plexus
This ganglion sits at the level of the cricoid and provides postganglionic sympathetics to the thyroid middle cervical ganglion
This ganglion lies at TV1 and may be split into two ganglion cervicothoracic ganglion
There are two parts to the tongue, the anterior 2/3 (oral portion) which lies in the ______ _______ and the posterior 1/3 (pharyngeal portion) which becomes part of the _________ ________ oral cavity and anterior pharynx
This part of the tongue has no papillae but is covered with encapsulated follicles, the lingual tonsil pharyngeal tongue
If you lift the tongue to view the underside, you will see this median fold frendulum linguae
This opening lies at the base of the frendulum linguae opening of the submandibular duct
The oral cavity is bounded superiorly by these two things h hard and soft palate
The oral cavity is bounded inferiorly by this palatoglossal arch
What is the tooth formula for incisors, canines, premolars, molars 2,1,2,3
these are closely associated with the teeth and are also called gums gingiva
how do the fibers run in the intrinsic tongue musculature vertically, longitudinally and transversely
name some extrinsic muscles of the tongue genioglossus, mylohyoid and geniohyoid
What nerve and artery run through the greater palatine foramen greater palatine a. and n.
The vestibule is the in the anterior or posterior part of the nasal cavity anterior
Most of the vestibule is lined with respiratory epithelium or epidermal epithelium epidermal epithelium (containing vibrissae)
Name the 3 separate portions of the nasal septum perpendicular bone of the ethmoid, vomer, and septal cartilage
These are projections from the lateral wall of the nose that are posterior to the atrium superior, middle and inferior choncha
These are the spaces that are lateral and inferior to the chonchae sup, mid, inf. meatus
The spheno-ethmodial recess lies superior or inferior and anterior or posterior to the superior meatus lies the spheno-ethmodial recess superior and posterior
The spheno-ethmoidal recess drains into the sphenoidal air sinus, true or false false, the sphenoidal sinus drains into the recess
The ________ meatus communicates with the posterior ethmoidal air cells superior
The hiatus semilunaris narrows anteriorly, forming this tube which receives drainage from the frontal sinus infundibulum
The orfice for the __________ ________ lies within the hiatus semilunaris maxillary sinus
This structure plays a major role in sinus drainage and the structures realated to it play a part in sinus blockage hiatus semilunaris
The inferior meatus is the site for the orfice of the ________ ______ lacrimal duct
Which two ethmoidal air cells drain into the middle meatus anterior and middle ethmodial air cells
The inferior meatus lies laterally or medially to the maxillary air sinuses medial
Since the roof of the maxillary sinus is the floor of the orbit, what structures are in close relation to the sinus infraorbital nerve and vessels
The roots of the teeth project into the maxillary sinus which are only separated by this thin layer of bone aka? mucoperiosteum
If there is an infection of a tooth, the infection may spread where? to the maxilliary sinus, although it can be irrigated via the middle meatus.
The pterygopalatine ganglion contains postganglionic sympathetic or parasympathetic fibers parasympathetic
The lateral wall of the nasal cavity has two major innervations, what are they anterior ethmoidal and posteriorlateral nasal branches
The anterior ethmoidal is a branch of the __________ nerve opthalmic nerve (v1)
the posteriorlateral nasal branches are a branch of the _________ nerve maxillary nerve (v2)
The septum of the nose is innervated by the anterior ethmoidal nerve and ______________ n. nasopalatine nerve (branch of maxillary v2)
The anterior portion of the nasal cavity is supplied by ________ branches of the opthlamic artery ethmoidal
the posterior portion of the nasal cavity is supplies by the ________ artery, a branch of the maxillary artery sphenopalatine artery
The inferior portion of the nasal cavity is supplied by what facial artery
This is an area on the nasal septum where the branches of opthalmic, maxillary and facial arteries anastamose (and is packed in serious cases of epistaxis (nose bleed) little's area
This is the area of epithelium where the neural proceses from the olfactory receptor cells lie olfactory epithelium, cribiform plate
The nasopharynx becgins posterior to the nasal conchae, at the _______ choanae
the orfice for the ___________ ______ lies posterior to the conchae auditory tube
This is the robust cartilaginous ridge that surrounds the orfice for the auditory tube torus tubarius
The salpingopharyngeal fold is the posterior part of the torus tubarius and contains what muscle salpingopharyngeus m
The pharyngeal tonsil is on the roof or floor of the nasopharynx roof
There are two arches in the oropharynx, palatoglossal and palatopharyngeal, which is more anterior palatoglossal
What exists b/n the palatoglossal and palatopharyngeal arches palantine tonsil
The auditory tube has a ______ portion which makes up 1/3 of it's length bony
The tensor palati m. attaches to the sphenoid and this cartliganous structure auditory tube
The tensor palati m., after its attachment to the auditory tube, wraps around this structure to form an aponeurosis and attach to the same muscle of the opposite side pterygoid hamulus
Name the function and the innervation of tensor palati m tense the soft palate, V3
Levator palati m. attaches to the temporal bone and ______ ______ and serves to pull the soft palate superiorly to open or close the nasopharynx auditory tube and close
The _______________ muscle acts to elevate the pharynx when swallowing and is attached to the auditory tube salpingopharyngeus m.
Name the innervation for the levator palati and salpingopharyngeus m. pharyngeal plexus (vagus)
This is a muscle that attaches to the soft palate laterally and decends to the lateral aspect of the tongue palatoglossus m.
The palatopharyngeus m. decends _______________ from the soft palate to blend wit the other muscle fibers into the pharyngeal wall posterolaterally
What muscles of the soft palate act to elevate the pharynx during swallowing palatoglossus and palatopharyngeus (salpingopharyngeus attached to the auditory tube but has the same job)
This is the muscle of the uvula that helps close off the nasopharynx musculus uvulae
The palatopharyngeus, palatoglossus, musculus uvulae and the superior pharyngeal constrictor muscles are innervated by pharyngeal plexus
The ________cavity is enclosed by the petrous temporal bone and contains the middle ear bones tympanic
What is the first bone, attached to the tympanic membrane malleus
What is the bone that lies b/n the malleus and the stapes incus
The stapes transmits sound through its flat plate which is in contact with the ? cochlea
What are the two muscle attached to the malleus and stapes that help dampen large sounds tensor tympani m and stapedius m.
The tensory tympani m. is supplied by the _______ n and is attached to the distal malleus mandibular n
the stapedeus m. is supplied by the _______ n. and is attached to the proximal stapes facial
This nerve enters the internal acoustic meatus then turns inferiorly (medially to the middle ear bones) to exit the skull via the stylomastoid foramen facial nerve
The semicircular canals are responsible for sensing acceleration and equilibrium or position acceleration and equilibrium
Posterior to the tympanic cavity is the mastoid wall of the cavity through which the aditus opens into the _______ of the mastoid air cells in the mastoid process antrum
Since the anterior portion of the tongue is derived from the 1st arch, tactile sensation will be provided by mandibular nerve (v3)
the posterior 1/3 of the tongue is dervied fromteh 3rd arch, so its general sensory is from glossopharyngeal n.
Taste in the tongue is divided by 2 nerves, what are they anterior is chorda tympani and posterior 1/3 is CN9
The reason the hypoglossal nerve, motor to the tongue, has such an odd course is b/c? the tongue is derived from 2 occipital somites of the head in which the mesenchyme must migrate from the dorsal to the ventral part of the embryo (and the nerve is drug along with it)
Created by: SipaP