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Liz AP2 T3 Peri Vasc

AP2 Test 3 Peripheral Vascular Test Reivew

QuestionAnswer
Blood is carried to the heart by Veins
HTN High BP
Veins always carry blood To the Heart
Korotkoff's sounds are heard in 5 distinct phases
The largest artery in the body Aorta
Flow of blood, blood exits capillary beds and enters Venules
Avg pulse rate for children 80-120
A person with Polycythemia Will probably have a higher BP
Avg pulse rate for infants 130-160
Ea hrt beat = One contraction phase and one relaxation
BPM Beats Per Minute
Number of pulsations is measured for NOT 4, NOT 2, NOT 3 (None of the above)
Emotional condition is a variable of pulse race
Pulse rate greater than 100 Tachycardia
Normal respiration range of children 18-30
Pulse rate less than 60 is known as Bradycardia
Normal respiration range of adults 12-20
Respirations Exchange of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide
Normal respiration ranges of an infant 30-60
Eupnea Normal breathing
BP Pressure of blood against the walls of the BV
Once the cuff is slowly deflated, you will listen for Korotkoff sounds which are heard in 5 distinct phases
In the BP reading of 120/80, what number is the Diastolic The bottom number, 80
Outermost layer of veins and arteries Tunica Adventitia
Capillaries are only 1 layer thick to aid in easy diffusion of gasses. What layer are capillaries composed of Tunica Intima
T/F - Only arteries, arterioles, veins, and venules can be seen during surgery. Capillaries are microscopic. TRUE
AKA Exchange Vessels Capillaries
Contraction of the smooth muscle (Tunica Media) makes the lumen smaller, restricts blood flow Vasoconstriction
Contain valves Veins
Pressure on the BV wall BP
T/F - Polycythemia decreases blood viscosity. FALSE - It INCREASES viscosity bc it had more RBCs
Viscosity refers to Thickness
Route of blood flow through the liver Hepatic Portal Circulation
Severe pn in the muscle of the lower leg c/b poor circulation Claudication
NOT a factor that influences BP Blood Strength (BV, Strength of Ventricular contractions, Resistance, Blood Viscosity, and HR all do)
Pulmonary veins carries blood From the lungs to the L Atrium
Vasoconstrictor Constricts BVs
Lub dub sounds are C/B Closure of the valves
Largest artery in the body Aorta
Outermost layer of a vein or artery Tunica Adventitia
Capillaries only have 1 layer called Tunica Intima
Route of blood flow thru the liver Hepatic Portal Circulation
Where is BP highest? In Arteries
Blood clot attached to the interior wall of the artery or vein Thrombus
To stop or control bleeding Hemostasis
Arteries divide into Arterioles
Pulse can be taken in all of the following arteries EXCEPT Brachiocephalic (Radial, Popliteal, Femoral can be)
Layer that's thicker in arteries Tunica Media
Blood Poisoning AKA Septicemia
If a Pt has a pressure of 120/80 which is Diastolic Pressure The bottom number, 80
A localized weak spot or balloon-like enlargement of the artery Aneurysm
Condition that occurs when thrombus is attached to a wall of a deep vein DVT
As the cuff gets inflated the arterial flow will stop
The Stethoscope is placed Over the Brachial
A stethoscope IS Needed to take a normal BP
If phase 1 and 2 are missed, what phase can be improperly recorded as systolic Phase 3
Breathing is always INvoluntary
Normal BP reading for adults 120/80
What is heard d phase 2 of BP reading Soft swishing sounds
Normal BP reading for children 100/65
During a carotid endartectomy, what vessel layer is removed along with the plaque Tunica Intima
Normal BP reading for infants 51/27
The fogarty catheter is used to Treat an arterial embolism
Vein responsible for draining the spleen Splenic
Vein responsible for draining tissues of the small intestines Superior Mesenteric
Drug given to strengthen the contraction of the hrt muscle Digitalis
T/Few - Collection of fatty and other substances on the inner lining of arteries, forming plaques, which progressively occlude the passageways, obstruction of the flow of blood is known as Arteriomas FALSE - It's Artherosclerosis
Ultrasonic device used to magnify the sound of blood moving through peripheral arteries and veins Doppler Probe
Created by: elizabeth-mcw