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MA 70 Module 9

Respriatory Prefixes, Suffixes and Combining Forms

bronchus (singular) bronchi (plural)
metastasis (singular) metastases (plural)
alveolus (singular) alveoli (plural)
a-, an- without; not
brady- slow
dia- through
dys- bad; poor; difficult
epi- upon; on
eu- good; normal
hyp-, hypo- below; under; less than
inter- between
macro- large
micro- small, can't be seen with the naked eye
neo- new
para- around; near
peri- around
tachy- fast
-al, -ar, ic, -itic, -ous pertaining to
-algia pain
-cele herniation; swelling
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
-cyte cell
-dynia pain
-ectasis dilation
-ectomy surgical removal, to cut out, excision
-ema pathological condition
-emia blood condition
-gen producing
-gnosis knowledge
-graphy process of creating an image
-ia condition
-ist one who specializes
-itis inflammation
-logist one specializes in the study of
-logy the study of
-malacia abnormal softening
-metry the act of measuring
-ole small
-oma tumor; growth; mass
-osis abnormal condition
-osmia smell
-oxia oxygen
-paralysis lack of muscle control
-pathy disease
-phagia swallowing; eating
-phobia fear
-plasm growth
-plasty surgical repair
-plegia paralysis
-pnea breathing
-ptosis prolapse, drooping, downward displacement
-rrhagia excessive flow
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea flow or discharge
-scope instrument for viewing
-scopy the process of viewing or examining
-spasm uncontrolled muscle contractions; twitching
-stenosis narrowing, stricture
-stomy surgically creating a new opening
-therapy treatment
-thorax chest
-tome an instrument for cutting
-tomy to cut into, incise
-isy quality
acid/o acid
adenoid/o adenoid
aer/o air
alveol/o air sac (alveolus/alveoli)
arteri/o artery
atel/o incomplete; imperfect
bronch/o bronchus/bronchi (branches off the trachea)
bronchi/o bronchus/bronchi(branches off the esophagus)
bronchiol/o bronchioles (smaller branches off the bronchi)
emphys/o to inflate
epiglott/o epiglottis
erythr/o red
hem/o blood
hydr/o water
laryng/o larynx, voice box
lob/o lobe
melan/o black
muc/o mucus
my/o muscles
myc/o fungus
nas/o nose; nasal cavities
or/o mouth; oral cavity
orth/o straight
ox/o, ox/i oxygen
path/o disease
pharyng/o pharynx, throat
phren/o diaphragm
pleur/o pleura, two layer membrane that surrounds the chest cavity and lungs
pneum/o air; lung
pneumon/o air; lung
pulmon/o lung
py/o pus
rhin/o nose
sinus/o sinus
spir/o to breathe; respiration
thorac/o chest
tom/o to cut
tonsill/o tonsils
trache/o trachea; wind pipe
-phasia speech
-phonia sound
Created by: leschnei