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ileus A temporary stoppage of intestinal peristalsis that may be accompanied by severe pain, abdominal distention, vomiting, absence of passage of stools, fever, and dehydration
inguinal hernia The protrusion of a small loop of bowel through a weak place in the lower abdominal wall/groin
jaundice A yellow discoloration of the skin caused by greater than normal amounts of bilirubin in the blood
melena The passage of black stools containing digested blood
morbid obesity The condition of weighing at least twice the ideal weight
nasogastric intubation The placement of a tube through the nose and into the stomach
obesity An excessive accumulation of fat in the body
peridontium Consists of the bone and soft tissues that surround and support the teeth
peristalsis A series of wavelike contractions of the smoth muscles in a single direction
proctopexy Surgical fixation of the rectum to an adjacent tissue or organ
regurgitation The return of swallowed food into the mouth
salmonellosis Food poisoning; an infection by bacteria of the genus Salmonella that usually causes severe diarrhea and may be transmitted to the fetus.
stomatorrhagia Bledding of the tongue
trismus tonic spasm of the muscles of the jaw
ulcerative colitis form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) causes swelling, ulcerations, and loss of function of the large intestine
volvulus Abnormal twisting of the intestine causing obstruction
xerostomia Dryness of the mouth resulting from diminished salivary secretion
sigmoidoscopy Direct visual examination of the interior of the entire rectum, sigmoid colon, and descending colon
an/o- anus
bar/o- pressure, weight
chol/e- bile, gall
cholecyst/o- gallbladder
col/o- colon, large intestine
colon/o- colon
dent/o- teeth
don/o- give
duoden/o- intestine
enter/o- small intestine
esophag/o- esophagus
gastr/o- stomach
gloss/o- tongue
hepat/o- liver
ile/o- ileum, small intestine
jejun/o- jejunum
lingu/o- tongue
lith/o- stone
or/o- mouth
pancreat/o- pancreas
phag/o- swallowing
proct/o- anus and rectum
rect/o- rectum straight
sigmoid/o- sigmoid colon
stomat/o- mouth
-emesis vomiting
-lithiasis presence of stones
-pepsia digest
-phagia swallowing
aerophagia excessive swallowing of air while eating or drinking, and is common cause of gas in the stomach
amebic dysentry An intestinal disorder caused by a parasite
anastomosis A surgical connection between two hollow or tubular structures; plural, anatomoses
anorexia nervosa An eating disorder characterized by a false perception of body appearance that leads to a refusal to maintain a normal body weight
aphthous ulcers also known as canker sores, are grey-white pits with a red border in the soft tissue lining of the mouth
ascites An abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity
antiemetic Medication administered to prevent or relieve nausea and vomiting
bariatrics The branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of obesity and allied diseases
borborygmus The rumbling noise caused by the movement of gas in the intestine
botulism Food poisoning characterized by paralysis and often death; caused by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum
bulimia nervosa An eating disorder characterized by episodes of binge eating followed by inappropriate compensatory behaviors, such as self-induced vomiting
cahexia A condition of physical wasting away due to the loss of weight and muscle mass that occurs in patients with diseases such as advanced cancer or AIDS
cheilosis a disorder of the lips characterized by crack-like sores at the corners of the mouth
cholangiography A radiographic examination of the bile ducts with the use of a contrast medium
cholagitis inflammation of the bile ducts
cholecystectomy surgical removal of the galbladder
choledocholithotomy An incision into the common bile duct for the removal of gallstones
cholelithiasis The presence of gallstones in the gallbladder or bile ducts
cholera Severe diarrhea, vomiting, and dehydration caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae
cirrhosis progressive degenerative disease of the liver
colonoscopy The direct visual examination of the inner surface of the colon, from the rectum to the cecum
chrohn's disease A chronic autoimmune disorder that is most often found in the ileum and in the colon
diverticulitis Inflammation of one or more diverticula in the wall of the colon
divertculosis The presence of a number of diverticula in the wall of the colon
dysphagia difficulty in swallowing
dyspepsia Pain or discomfort in digestion; also known as indigestion
emsesis vomiting
enteritis inflammation of the small intestine
eructation The act of belching or raising gas orally from the stomach
esophageal varices Enlarged and swollen veins at the lower end of the esophagus
esphagogastroduodenoscopy The endoscopic examination of the esophagus, stomach, and upper duodenum
gastrostomy tube stomach tubing for feeding
hematemesis vomiting blood
gastroesophageal reflux disease The upward flow of acid from the stomach into the esophagus
hemoccult test A laboratory test for hidden blood in the stools; also known as fecal occult blood test
hapatitis inflammation of the liver
herpes liabialis Blisterlike sores on the lips and adjacent tissue caused by the oral herpes simplex virus type 1, also known as cold sores
hiatal hernia The protrusion of part of the stomach through the esophageal sphincter in the diaphragm
hyperemesis excessive vomiting
Created by: Trezze