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Digestive system

Aerophagia excessive swallowing of air, usually an unconscious process associated with anxiety
Amebic Dysentery any of a number of disorders marked by inflammation of the intestine, especially of the colon, with abdominal pain, tenesmus, and frequent stools containing blood and mucus.
Anastomosis surgical, traumatic, or pathological formation of an opening between two normally distinct spaces or organs.
Anorexia Nervosa a psychiatric disorder characterized by an unrealistic fear of weight gain, self-starvation. The individual is obsessed with becoming increasingly thinner and limits food intake to the point where health is compromised.
Antiemetic preventing or alleviating nausea and vomiting
Aphthous Ulcers a small painful ulcer in the mouth, approximately 2 to 5 mm in diameter. It usually remains for five to seven days and heals within two weeks with no scarring.
Ascites an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen.
Bariatrics The branch of medicine that deals with the causes, prevention, and treatment of obesity
Borborygmus A rumbling noise produced by the movement of gas through the intestines
Botulism caused by botulinum toxin, a natural poison produced by certain bacteria in the Clostridium genus. Exposure to the botulinum toxin occurs mostly from eating contaminated food, or in infants, from certain clostridia growing in the intestine.
Bulimia Nervosa a serious and sometimes life-threatening eating disorder affecting mainly young women. People known as bulimics, consume large amounts of food and then try to rid themselves of the foodby fasting, excessive exercise, vomiting, or using laxatives.
Cachexia a profound and marked state of constitutional disorder; general ill health and malnutrition.
Cheilosis fissuring and dry scaling of the vermilion surface of the lips and angles of the mouth, a characteristic of riboflavin deficiency.
Cholangiography A radiographic examination of the bile ducts following administration of a radiopaque contrast medium
Cholangitis inflammation of the bile ducts
Cholecystectomy the surgical removal of the gallbladder
Cholecytitis a painful inflammation of the gallbladder's wall
Choledocholithotomy Incision of the common bile duct for the extraction of an impacted gallstone.
cholelithiasis The presence or formation of gallstones in the gallbladder or bile ducts.
Cholera an acute infectious disease characterized by watery diarrhea that is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae
Cirrhosis a chronic degenerative disease in which normal liver cells are damaged and are then replaced by scar tissue
Colonoscopy a medical procedure where a long, flexible, tubular instrument called the colonoscope is used to view the entire inner lining of the colon (large intestine) and the rectum.
Chrons Disease a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), resulting in swelling and dysfunction of the intestinal tract
Diverticulitis Inflammation of a diverticulum, especially of the small pockets in the wall of the colon that fill with stagnant fecal material and become inflamed
Diverticulosis the presence of diverticula in the absence of inflammation
Dyspepsia painful, difficult, or disturbed digestion, which may be accompanied by symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, heartburn, bloating, and stomach discomfort.
Dysphagia Difficulty in swallowing or inability to swallow
Emesis vomiting.
Enteritis inflammation of the intestine, especially of the small intestine.
Eructation belching; casting up wind from the stomach through the mouth
Esophageal Varices varicosities of branches of the azygos vein which anastomose with tributaries of the portal vein in the lower esophagus, due to portal hypertension in cirrhosis.
Esophagogastrodupdenoscopy performed to evaluate or treat symptoms relating to the upper gastrointestinal tract,
Gastrodupdenostomy The surgical formation of a communication between the stomach and the duodenum
Gastroesophageal reflux disease any condition resulting from gastroesophageal reflux, characterized by heartburn and regurgitation;
Gastrostomy tube Stomach tube for feeding.
Hematemesis vomiting of blood.
Hemoccult test A qualitative test for hidden blood in the stool, based upon detecting the peroxidase activity of hemoglobin.
Hepatitis Inflammation of the liver.
Herpes Labialis affecting the vermilion border of the lips.
Hiatal Hernia protrusion of any structure through the esophageal hiatus of the diaphragm
Hyperemesis excessive vomiting
Ileus Ileus is a partial or complete non-mechanical blockage of the small and/or large intestine
Inguinal Hernia hernia into the inguinal canal.
Jaundice a condition in which a person's skin and the whites of the eyes are discolored yellow due to an increased level of bile pigments in the blood resulting from liver disease.
MElena the passage of dark stools stained with altered blood
Morbid Obesity the condition of weighing two or more times the ideal weight; so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders.
Nasogastric Intubation the placement of a nasogastric tube through the nose into the stomach to relieve gastric distension by removing gas, gastric secretions, or food; to instill medication, food, or fluids; or to obtain a specimen for laboratory analysis.
Obesity an abnormal accumulation of body fat, usually 20% or more over an individual's ideal body weight. Obesity is associated with increased risk of illness, disability, and death
Peridontium the tissues investing and supporting the teeth, including the cementum, periodontal ligament, alveolar bone, and gingiva
Pristalsis the wormlike movement by which the alimentary canal or other tubular organs having both longitudinal and circular muscle fibers propel their contents, consisting of a wave of contraction passing along the tube for variable distances.
Proctopexy surgical fixation of the rectum.
Regurgiation flow in the opposite direction from normal.
Salmonellosis infection with Salmonella
Sigmoidoscopy a procedure by which a doctor inserts either a short and rigid or slightly longer and flexible fiber-optic tube into the rectum to examine the lower portion of the large intestine (or bowel).
Stomatorrhagia Bleeding from any part of the oral cavity.
Trismus motor disturbance of the trigeminal nerve, especially spasm of the masticatory muscles, with difficulty in opening the mouth (lockjaw);
Ulceration Colitis chronic ulceration in the colon, chiefly of the mucosa and submucosa, manifested by cramping abdominal pain, rectal bleeding, and loose discharges of blood, pus, and mucus with scanty fecal particles.
Volvulus torsion of a loop of intestine, causing obstruction.
Xerostomia dryness of the mouth due to salivary gland dysfunction
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