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RA Q2

QuestionAnswer
Factors responsible for changes in facial markings? Age, Environment, Position of the body, Condition of the body, Heredity.
Hot, dry, windy air will cause more dehydration in antemortem and postmortem? T or F True
Means "On the back" Supine
Means "Face down" Prone
A crevice in the skin bordered by adjacent elevations? A "wrinkle". Caused by the contraction of muscles. A furrow
An elongated depression on a relatively level surface? A groove
A recurved margin having greater projection than the adjacent area? Fold or eminence.
The philtrum is a good example of a furrow, groove, or fold? Groove
How many natural facial markings are there? 9
Natural facial markings are ________ at birth. Present
How many acquired facial markings are there? 11
The Philtrum, Nasolabial Fold, Nasal Sulcus, Oblique Palpebral Sulcus, Angulus Oris Eminence, Angulus Oris Sulcus, Labiomental Sulcus, Submental Sulcus, and Dimples are all? Natural Facial Markings
The Nasolabial Sulcus, Transverse Frontal Sulci, Interciliary Sulci, Optic Facial Sulci, Superior Palpebral Sulcus, Inferior Palpebral Sulcus, Bucco-Facial Sulcus, Mandibular Sulcus, Platysmal Sulci, Cords of the neck, and Labial Sulci are examples of? Acquired Facial Markings
A vertical groove located medially on the superior integumentary lip. Takes the form of an irregular parentheses. The Philtrum
Eminence of the cheek, adjacent to the mouth. Extends from the superior part of the posterior margin of the lower wing to the lower mouth. The Nasolabial Fold
Angular area between the posterior border of the nasal wing and the nasolabial fold. Nasal Sulcus
Shallow curving groove below the inner corner of the eyelid. Sometimes forms the lower border of the infraorbital pouch. Oblique Palpebral Sulcus
Known as "eyebags", convex-crescent shape projection under the eye. Infraorbital pouch
Small convex prominence lateral to the line of lip closure. Angulus Oris Eminence
Groove at each end at the line of lip closure of the mouth. Gets longer as age progresses. Angulus Oris Sulcus
The junction of the lower lip and chin. Labiomental Sulcus
Junction of the base of the chin and the submandibular area. Submental Sulcus
Shallow depressions located on the cheek or chin. Rounded or line-like. Dimples
A vertical line in the chin is known as? Cleft-Chin
The furrow originating at the superior border of the wing of the nose and extending to the edge of the mouth. Nasolabial Sulcus
Horizontal furrows of the forehead caused by the action of the frontalis muscle. Transverse Frontal Sulci
Vertical lines/furrows in between the eyebrows caused by the corrigator muscle. Vertical Intercilliary Sulci
Transverse lines/furrows in between the eyebrows and on the nose caused by the procerus muscle. Transverse Intercilliary Sulci
Radiate from the lateral corner of the eye. Caused by the orbicularis oculi. Optic Facial Sulci
Optic facial sulci are also known as? Crows feet
The furrow of the superior border of the upper eyelid. Fans out. Superior Palpebral Sulcus
The furrow of the inferior border of the eye. Inferior Palpebral Sulcus
The vertical furrow of the cheek. Bucco-Facial Sulcus
The furrow beneath the jaw line, which rises vertically on the cheek. Mandibular Sulcus
Close furrows with folds of skin between them. On the jaw line. Serrated jawline
The vertical furrows of the lips extending within the mucous membranes into the integumentary lips. Labial Sulci
Transverse, dipping furrows of the neck. Platysmal Sulci
Vertical prominences of the neck. These are the muscle, caused by muscle tone loss. Cords of the neck
Width is 2/3 its length? Ear
When reattaching the ear, 4 guides we look for? External auditory meatus, zygomatic arch, mandibular condyle, and the angle of inclination.
The outer rim of the ear, gives the ear a general shape and resembles a question mark. The helix
Origin is the crus of the helix and termination is at the top of the lobe. The helix
This divides the length of the ear in half? Crus of the helix
The depression between the outer and inner rims of the ear. Located in the superior 2/3. Scapha
The inner rim of the ear. Anti helix
The origin is the top of the lobe and has two endings. Anti helix
The two endings of the anti helix are known as the? Crura
Bifurcation of the antihelix. Crura
The anterior wing of the crura descends sharply under the ________? Helix
The superior wing of the crura continues? Upward
The anterior wing, superior wing, and trangular fossa should all be in the upper _____ of the ear? 1/3
The depression between the crura. Located in the anterior superior 1/3 of the ear. Triangular fossa
The concave shell of the ear. Concha
It is in the middle 3rd of the ear. Concha
The crus of the helix sits on the ___________? Zygomatic arch
What is the deepest part of the ear? Concha
The elevation protecting the ear passage. It is round, wedgelike. Made of cartilage. Tragus
Small eminence obliquely opposite of the tragus. Anti Tragus
It is located on the anterior and superior border of the lobe of the ear? Anti Tragus
This blends into the superior and anterior lobe? Tragus
Depression between the tragus and antitragus. Intertragic Notch
The "back door" of the ear passage? Intertragic Notch
Inferior 1/3 of the ear. No cartilage, made of skin and adipose tissue. Lobe
The _________________ border of the lobe is attached to the cheek. Superior-anterior
The shape of the nose can be described as? A pyramidal mass.
The three types of noses? Leptorrhine, Platyrrhine, and Mesorrhine
Type of nose where the nasal cavity is high and narrow. Long and narrow between the wings and has a prominent bridge. Leptorrhine
Type of nose where there is a minimum bridge projection, short, and broad and wide between the wings. Platyrrhine
Type of nose that is intermediate in shape between the Leptorrhine and Platyrrhine? Mesorrhine
Profile classifications of the bridge? Straight, Convex, and Concave
The straight profile classification is also known as? Grecian
The convex profile classification is also known as? Roman, aquiline, or hook
The concave profile classification is also known as? Infantine, snub, pug, or ski
A retrousee nose is? Turned up on the end.
How many cartilages are there in the nose? 5
The vertical cartilage that divides the cavity into two chambers and usually curves to the left? Septal cartilage
The lateral cartilages that form the sides of the nose? Superior lateral cartilages
The lateral cartilages that form the wings and protruding lobe of the nose? Inferior lateral cartilages
The dorsum of the nose includes? The root, bridge, and protruding lobe
The cavity/depression inferior to the glabella. The root/origin
The roughly triangular projection of the dorsum. Bridge
Spherical/round or angular termination of the dorsum. Protruding lobe
Located on the protruding lobe and has the greatest projection. The tip
The lateral lobes of the nose, they create the greatest width. Wings
Superficial partition between the nostrils. Columna nasi
The nostril openings, pear shaped, and locate din the posterior 2/3 of the nose. Anterior nares
The sides of the nose. Lateral walls
The mouth follows a _____________ curvature. Horse shoe
The superior border of the superior integumentary lip is? The base of the nose
The inferior border of the superior integumentary lip is? The superior mucous membrane
The lateral border of the superior integumentary lip is? The nasolabial folds
This is divided by the philtrum and contains the nasal sulcus? The superior integumentary lip
The reddish part of the lips is known as? Mucous membranes
The line of color change at the junction of the wet and dry portions of the lips? Weather line
Shallow and permanent wrinkles on the surface of the dry portion on the mucous membrane. Vertical lines/lip prints
This is located on the superior mucous membrane and is a tiny prominence or protrusion. Medial lobe
The superior border of the inferior integumentary lip is? The inferior mucous membrane
The inferior border of the inferior integumentary lip is? The top of the chin/labiomental sulcus
The lateral border of the inferior integumentary lip is? The corners of the mouth.
How many natural arcs are there to the line of lip closure? 5
The central plane of the superior integumentary lip is? The philtrum.
The lateral planes of the superior integumentary lip? Recede bilaterally from the central plane. Triangular in form.
The central plane of the inferior integumentary lip is? Crescent shaped and recedes from the mucous membrane to the top of the chin.
The lateral planes of the inferior integumentary lip? Are convex and blend into the sides of the cheek.
The superior mucous membrane forms a? Hunters bow
The inferior mucous membrane forms an? Elliptical curve
The upper rim formed by the inferior part of the frontal bone. Supraorbital ridge/margin
Dips concavely and projects less than the medial rim. Formed by the zygomatic and frontal bones. Outer rim/Lateral rim
Formed by the zygomatic and maxillary bones. Forms a sigmoid curve. Inferior/lower rim
Formed by the frontal process of the maxillary. Medial/inner rim
The optic foramen includes? The optic nerve and central retineal artery.
The ____________ causes greatest projection. Cornea
The lateral line of closure is ___________ and ___________ to the medial end. Inferior and Posterior
The structural anatomy of an eye includes? The superior palpebral sulcus, inferior palpebral sulcus, naso-orbital fossa, supraorbital margin, inner canthus, cilia, and supercilium.
The depression of the medial 1/3 of the superior palpebra. Naso-orbital fossa
Occupies the area between the supercilium and superior palpebra. Blends into the naso-orbital fossa. Supraorbital margin
The vertical fold of skin that is located in the naso-orbital fossa? Epicanthus/Epicanthic fold
Semi lunar crescent fold/pouch located under the eye. Known as eyebags. Infraorbital fold or pouch.
Small elevation/eminence extending medially from the medial corner of the superior palpebra. Inner canthus
Keeps things out of the eye. Grow out of the tarsus. Cilia
Follows the arc of the upper bone. Supercilium
Three parts of the supercilium. Head, body, and tail.
Shallow furrows on the lid. Linear sulci
Created by: CharliLynn330