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ST110 API Final Review

"K" is the atomic symbol for Potassium
Atom is stable when what energy level is full Outer energy level
DNA molecule is made up nucleotides arranged to form a Double helix
Heart Cardi/o-
Enter/o- Small intestines
-algia Pain
Path- Disease
Cyan/o- Blue
-ectomy Surgical removal
-ology Study of
-rraphy Surgical suturing
-otomy Surgical incision into
-plasty Surgical repair
Pancreaticoduodenectomy Whipple
Procedure to repair a deviated septum Septoplasty
Visualization of the uterus with an endoscope Hysteroscopy
Removal of the uterus through the abdomen TAH
Incision into the eardrum Myringotomy
Removal of the largest salivary gland Parotidectomy
Removal of the appendix through an endoscope Laparoscopic appendectomy
Region above the Umbilical Region Epigrastric
Region above the Right Iliac Region Right lumbar
Region that is the same as the Right Iliac Region Right Inguinal
Any pathological change or ds in the spinal cord Myelopathy
Any ds caused by fungus Mycosis
Study of the ears, nose, throat Otorhinolaryngology
Excess fluid in body tissue causes swelling Edema
Lower than normal blood pressure Hypotension
Between (not within) the parts of tissue Interstitial
To collapse and be laying flat or to be overcome with exhaustion Prostrate (with an R, NOT prostate, prolapse or pronation)
Discomfort due to the regurgitation of stomach acid upward into the esophagus Pyrosis
Virile Possession of masculine traits
The act of rotating the arm so that the palm of the hand is forward or upward Supination
Identification of a ds Diagnosis
Formation or discharge or pus Suppuration
Male gland that lies under the urinary bladder and surrounds the urethra Prostate (NOT ProstRate that means to fall down and lay flat)
Act of binding or tying off blood vessels or ducts Ligation
The pounding or racing of the heart Palpitation
Examination technique in which the examiner users their hands to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts Palpation
Study of disorders of the newborn Neonatology
Inflammation of the renal pelvis of the kidney Pyelitis
Surgical creation of an opening bt the colon and the body surface Colostomy
Abnormally large liver Hepatomegaly
Removal of stones from the common bile duct Choledochlithotomy
Drooping of the eyelids Blepharoptosis
System Group of organs working together to perform a function
Primary functions of the Integumentary System Protection of the underlying structures
# of Organ Systems of the body 11
# of bones in the Skeletal System 206
Nervous system performs all of the same general functions as what system Endocrine System
Communication bt body functions and the integration of body functions is accomplished by specialized signals Nerve Impulse
Endocrine system secretes Hormones
Endocrine system is composed of special glands that ___ chemicals Secrete
Primary functions of the cardiovascular system Transportation of materials
Moving towards the feet Inferior
Coronal plane Frontal plane
Lowest regions of the body Right and left Iliac
Organs located in the mediastinum Trachea, Hrt, BV
Organs located in the Abdominopelvic cavity Pancreas, Small Intestines, Stomach
Cholecyst/o Gallbladder
Portion consists of the head, neck, torso Axial
Antenatal Before birth
Part of the small intestines Ileum
Supraclavicular Above the clavicle
Olecranal Back of the elbow
Axillary Armpit
Volar Palm or sole
Perineal Area bt the genitals and the anus
Plantar Sole of foot
Occipital Back of the lower skull
Zygomatic Upper cheek
Cephalic Head
Buccal Cheek
Homeostasis Relative consistency of the internal environment
Prediction of the probable cause and outcome of a disease Prognosis
Plane that divides the body into upper and lower parts Transverse
Plane that divides the body into right and left sides Sagittal
Toward the front Anterior
Contains the lungs Pleura
Contains the liver Abdominal
The center, middle region Umbilical
Connective tissue contains large fat compartments Adipose
Most specialized forms of connective tissue, it's matrix is hard and calcified Bone
The function of nervous tissue Provides rapid communication bt body structures and control of body functions
The active transport process is used to incorporate fluids or dissolved substances into cells Pinocytosis
Cell structure encloses the cytoplasm and forms the outer boundary for the human cell Plasma membrane
Threadlike structures made of protein and DNA found in the nucleus Chromatin
Purpose of mitosis To replace cells that are damaged or destroyed
Connective tissue that is hard but flexible and contains imbedded chondrocytes Cartilage
Function of ____ muscle is to maintain body posture Skeletal
Squamous cells Flat
Stage of mitosis in which the two nuclei appear and the cell division is complete Telophase
Superficial Near the surface
Transverse plane Horizontal or crosswise plane
Tissues Organization of many similar cells that perform a specific function
Study of functions of structures and their parts Physiology
Human anatomical position The body is erect, arms at sides, palms turned forward, head and feet pointed forward
Organs contained in the dorsal cavity Spinal cord, brain
NOT located in the ventral cavity Spinal cavity (Liver, Spleen and Urinary bladder are)
NOT a definition of the root word cyst/o Kidney (fluid-filled sac, urinary bladder, cyst are)
Muscle My/o
Gray Poli/o
Slow Brady
Fast Tachy
Painful Dys-
Against Anti-
Dorsal cavity is made up of which sub cavities Cranial, spinal
NOT main part of the cell Nucleolus (Plasma membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm)
Small structures that make up much of he cytoplasm Organelles
Hair-like extensions found on the surfaces of the cell Cilia
The "protein factories" of the cell Ribosomes
"Power plants" of the cell Mitochondria
Ingests microbes that enter the cell Lysosomes
Active transport processes requires the use of ATP
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane when some of the solutes cannot cross the membrane Osmosis
Uphill movement of a substance through a living cell membrane Active transport
NOT an active transport process Osmosis (Ion pump, phagocytosis, pinocytosis are)
"Genetic info" contained in ____ molecules ultimately determines the transmission and expression of our heritable traits DNA
Another name for the cell division Mitosis
Phase of cell division do chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell Metaphase
NOT a main type of tissue Transverse (epithelial, connective, nervous are)
Abnormal mass that forms when the body fails to control mitosis Neoplasm
NOT classified as a Connective Tissue Simple Squamous (Areolar, adipose, hemopoietic are)
Most abundant and widely distributed tissue in the body Connective Tissue
NOT a cell shape Circular (squamous, cuboidal, columnar are)
Stratified squamous epithelium is found on the surface of the lining of The mouth and the esophagus
Smooth muscle tissue Visceral
NOT a type of muscle tissue Rigid (skeletal, smooth, and cardiac are)
Blood like connective tissue found in the red marrow cavities of bones Hemopoietic
Location that Nervous tissue is found Brain, spinal cord, and nerves
Location of cardiac muscle Heart
Part of the neuron that transmits impulses away from the cell body Axon
Formerly thought to be responsible for apoptosis (programmed cell death) Lysosomes
Part of the sperm cell that gives it motility Flagella
Phagocytosis is an active transport process that requires ____ Energy
Type of replication that precedes mitosis DNA
Stage of mitosis is sometimes referred to as the "resting stage" Interphase
Type of epithelial tissue is found in body areas that stretch, such as the urinary bladder Stratified transitional
Type of passive transport uses pressure rather than a concentration difference to move substances Filtration
Cardiac muscle AKA Striated involuntary
Smooth muscle AKA Non-striated
A cleavage furrow begins to develop in what stage of mitosis Anaphase
Messenger RNA is formed during Transcription
Created by: elizabeth-mcw



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