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KINE 351 Practical 1

Muscles of the Human body and their function

QuestionAnswer
Muscles of the shoulder and brachium (10) Deltoid, Biceps Brachii, Coracobrachialis, Brachialis, Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, Teres Minor, Teres Major, Subscapularis, Triceps Brachii
Muscles of antibrachium, forearm, extensors (superficial layer) (6) Brachioradialis, Extensor Carpii Radialis Longus, Extensor Carpii Radialis Brevis, Extensor Digitorum, Extensor Digiti Minimi, Extensor Carpii Ulnaris
Muscles of Antibrachium, Forearm, Extensors (Deep Layter) (5) Supinator, Abductor Pollicis Longus, Extensor Pollicis Brevis, Extensor pollicis longus, Extensor Indicis
Muscles of antibrachium forearm flexors (superficial layer) (5) Brachioradialis, Pronator Teres, Flexor Carpii Radialis, Palmaris Longus, Flexor Carpii Ulnaris
Muscles of antibrachium forearm flexors (intermediate layer) (2) Flexor digitorum superficialis, flexor pollicis longus
Muscles of antibrachium, forearm flexors (deep layer) (2) Flexor Digitorum profundus, pronator Quadratus
Brachial Plexus Cords (3) Lateral Cord, Posterior Cord, Medial Cord
Brachial Plexus Nerves (5) Ulnar Median Radial Axillary Musculocutaneous
What nerves make up the Lateral Cord Median and Musculocutaneous
What Nerves make up the posterior Cord Axillary and Radial
What nerves make up the Medial Cord Ulnar and Median
Function of the Deltoid abducts, flexes, extends, internally rotates, and externally rotates the shoulder
Function of the Supraspinatus Abducts shoulder, externally rotates shoulder
Function of the Infraspinatus Externally Rotates Shoulder
Function of the Teres Minor Externally Rotates Shoulder
Function of the Teres Major Internally Rotates Shoulder
Function of the Subscapularis internally rotates Shoulder
What muscles perform internal rotation of the shoulder (SPLAT) Subscapularis, Pectoralis Major, Latissimus Dorsi, Anterior Deltoid, Teres Major
What muscles perform External Rotation of the Shoulder (TIPS) Teres Minor, Infraspinatus, Posterior Deltoid, Supraspinatus
Function of the Biceps Brachii Flexes the elbow, supinates forearm, flexes shoulder
Function of the Coracobrachialis flexes shoulder
Function of the Brachialis Flexes Elbow
Function of the Triceps Brachii extends elbow, Extends shoulder
Function of the Brachioradialis flexes elbow
Function of the Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus extends wrist, abducts wrist
Function of the Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis extends wrist, abducts wrist
Function of the Extensor Digitorum extends wrist and extends fingers
Function of the Extensor Digiti Minimi Extends 5th finger
Function of the Extensor Carpi Ulnaris Extends wrist, adducts wrist
Function of the Supinator supinates foream
Function of the Abductor Pollicis Longus Abducts the thumb
Function of the Extensor Pollicis Longus extends thumb
Function of the Extensor Pollicis Brevis extends thumb
Function of the Extensor Indicis Extends index finger
Function of the Brachioradialis Flexes elbow
Function of the Pronator Teres pronates forearm
Function of the Flexor Carpi Radialis Flexes wrist, abducts wrist
Function of the Palmaris Longus flexes wrist, tightens palmar tissues
Function of the Flexor Carpi Ulnaris flexes wrist, adducts wrist
Function of the Flexor Digitorum Superficialis flexes wrist, flexes fingers at Proximal interphalangeal
Function of the Flexor Pollicis longus Flexes thumb
Function of the Flexor Digitorum Profundus flexes wrist, flexes fingers at the distal interphalangeal
Function of the Pronator Quadratus pronate Forearm
Muscles of the Anterior Hip Superficial Layer (4) Psoas Major/Minor, Iliacus, Tensor Fasae Latae
Muscles of the anterior Hip Deep layer (1) Obturator Externus
Muscles of the Posterior Hip Superficial layer (1) GLuteus Maximus
Muscles of the Posterior Hip Intermediate layer (1) Gluteus Medius
Muscles of the Posterior Hip Deep layer (6) Glutus Minimus, Piriformis, Superior Gemellus, Obturator Internus, Inferior Gemellus, Quadratus Femoris
Muscles of the Anterior and Medial Thigh Superficial Layer (8) Rectus Femoris, Vastus Laterails, Vastus Intermedius, Vastus Medialis, Gracilis, Adductor Longus, Adductor Brevis, Sartorius
Muscles of the Anterior and medial thigh deep layer (1) adductor Magnus
Muscles of the posterior thigh superficial layer (3) Semimembranosus, Semitendinosus, Biceps Femoris (long/short head)
Muscles of the posterior Thigh Deep layer (1) adductor magnus
Muscles of the Anterior Leg superficial layer (1) tibialis Anterior
Muscles of the Anterior Leg deep layer (3) extensor Hallucis Longus, Extensor Hallucis brevis, Extensor Digitorum Longus
Muscles of the Posterior Leg superficial layer Gastrocnemius (medial/lateral Head)
Muscles of the Posterior leg intermediatelayer (2) Soleus, plantaris
Muscles of the posterior leg deep layer (4) Flexor digitorium longus, tibialis posterior, flexor hallucis longus, popliteus
Muscles of the Lateral leg (2) peroneus longus (fibularis longus) peroneus brevis (fibularis brevis)
Which muscles are on the medial side of the ankle (Tiny Dogs Are Not Hunters) Tibialis posterior, Flexor Digitorium Longus, artery and nerve, Hallucis Longus
Function of the Psoas Major Flexes hip
Function of the Psoas Minor Flexes hip
Function of the Iliacus Flexes Hip
Function of the Tensor Fascia Latae Abducts hip, flexes hip
Function of the Obterator Externus external rotation of hip
Function of the Gluteus Maximus extends Hip
Function of the Gluteus Medius abducts hip, internal rotation of the hip, stabilizes pelvis during gait
Function of the Gluteus Minimus abducts hip, internal rotation of hip
Function of the Piriformis external rotation of hip
Function of the Superior Gemellus external rotation of hip
Function of the Obturator Internus external rotation of hip
Function of the Inferior Gemellus external rotation of hip
Function of the Quadratus femoris external rotation of hip
Function of the Obturator Externus external rotation of hip
Function of the Rectus Femoris Flexes Hip, Extends knee
Function of the Vastus LAteralis extends knee
Function of the Vastus intermedialis extends knee
Function of the Vastus medialis extends knee
Function of the Gracilis adducts hip, flexes knee
Function of the Adductor Brevis adducts hip
Function of the Adductor Lonus adducts hip
Function of the Adductor Magnus adducts hip
Function of the Sartorius Flexes hip, flexes knee, external rotation of hip
Function of the Biceps Femoris Extends hip, flexes knee
Function of the Semimembranosus extends hip, flexes knee
Function of the Semitendinosus extends hi, flexes knee
Function of the Anterior Tibialis Dorsiflexes ankle, inverts ankle
Function of the Extensor Digitorium Longus extends toes 2-5, assists in dorsiflexion of ankle
Function of the Extensor Hallucis Longus extends great toe, assists in dorsiflexion of ankle
Function of the Gastrocnemius plantar flexes ankle, flexes knee
Function of the Soleus plantarflexes ankle
Function of the Plantaris Assists gastrocnemius with plantarflexion of ankle and flexion of Knee
Function of the Tibialis Posterior Inverts ankle, assists in plantarflexion of ankle
Function of the Flexor Digitorium Longus Flexes toes 2-5, assists in plantarflexion of ankle
Function of the Flexor Hallucis longus Flexes great toe at Proximal IP and Dista IP, assists in plantar flexion of ankle
Function of the Popliteus weakly flexes knee, unlocks knee
Function of the Peroneus Longus everts ankle, weakly plantarflexes ankle
Function of the Peroneus Brevis everts ankle, weakly plantarflexes ankle
Muscles of the superficial layer of the posterior trunk (12) Trapezius, Deltoid, Latissimus Dorsi, Rhomboid Major, Rhomboid Minor, Teres Major, Teres Minor, Levator Scapulae, Splenius Capitis, Splenius Cervicis, Serratus Posterior Inferior, Serratus Posterior Superior
Muscles of the Intermediate Layer of the Posterior Trunk (1) Erector Spinae Group
Muscles of the Deep Layer of the Posterior Trunk (3) Quadratus Lumborum, Transverse Abdominis, Multifidus
Muscles of the Superficial Layer of the Anterior trunk (4) Deltoid, PEctoralis Major, Serratus Anterior, Abdominal Obliques
Muscles of the Intermediate Layer of the Anterior Trunk (3) Pectoralis Minor, Rectus Abdominis, Abdominal Obliques
Muscles of the Deep Layer of the Anterior Trunk (2) Transverse Abdominis, Intercostals
Nerves of the lower extremity Femoral Nerve, Sciatic Nerve, Tibial Nerve, Peroneal Nerve
Muscles of the Neck (5) Platysma, Sternocleidomastoid, Scalenes, Levator Scapulae, Trapezius
Muscles of the Hand (5) Abductor Digiti Minimi,Abductor Pollicis Brevis, Adductor Pollicis, Flexor Pollicis Brevis, Opponens Pollicis
Muscles of the Foot (6) Extensor Digitorum Brevis, Abductor Digiti Minimi, Extensor Hallucis Brevis, Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis, Flexor Digitorum Brevis, Abductor Hallcis
Function of the Abductor Digiti Minimi Abducts the 5th finger
Function of the Abductor Pollicis Brevis abducts the thumb
Function of the Adductor Pollicis adducts the thumb
Function of the Flexor Pollicis Brevis Flexes the thumb
Function of the Opponens Pollicis Positions the thumb into opposition with the other digits of the hand. It is a combination of both flexion and abudction of the thumb
Function of the Extensor Digitorum Brevis Extends toes (2-5)
Function of the Extensor Hallucis Brevis extends great toe
Function of the Flexor Digitorum BRevis flexes toes (2-5)
Function of the Abductor Digiti minimi abduct the 5th toe
Function of the Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis Flexes the 5th Toe
Function of the Abductor Hallucis abducts great toe (1st toe)
Function of the Platysma pulls corners of mouth downward
Function of the Sternocleidomastoid rotates head toward opposite side, neck flexion when both are activated
Function of the Anterior Scalene rotates neck to opposite side, laterally flexes neck, elevates 1st rib during breathing
Function of the Middle Scalene laterally flexes neck, elevates 1st rib during breathing
Function of the posterior scalene laterally flexes neck, elevates 2nd rib during breathing
Function of the Splenius Capitis retracts head/neck, rotates head to the same side
Function of the Splenius Cervicis retracts head/neck, rotates head to same side
Function of the Levator Scapulae elevates scapula, controls scapular movement
Function of the Trapezius Extends neck, elevates, depresses, rotates, adducts and stabilizes scapula
Function of the Deltoid abducts the shoulder, also flexes, extends, internally and externally rotates shoulder
Function of the Latissimus dorsi extends shoulder, adducts shoulder, internally rotates shoulder
Function of the Rhomboid Minor adducts /retracts scapula
Function of the Rhomboid major adducts /retracts scapula
Function of the Serratus Posterior Inferior depresses lower ribs
Function of the Serratus Posterior Superior elevates ribs
Function of the Erector Spinae Group Extends spine
Function of the Quadratus Lumbroum Hikes hip, Lateral Flexes Spine
Function of the Multifidus rotates spine, extends spine, maintains posture
Function of the Pectoralis Major adducts shoulder, Horizontal adduction of shoulder, and internally rotates shoulder
Function of the Pectoralis Minor Moves Scapula anteriorly, elevates ribs during breathing
Function of the Serratus Anterior abducts scapula (protraction)
Function of the Intercostals depresses the ribs during exhalation and elevates the ribs during inhalation
Function of the Rectus Abdominis Flexes trunk
Function of the External obliques rotates trunk, supports abdominal wall
Function of the Internal Obliques rotates trunk, supports abdominal wall
Function of the Transverse abdominis trunk rotation, supports abdominal wall
Created by: alechsu