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Musculoskeletal Word List

agonist The muscle(s) that produces the movement
antagonist The muscle(s) that relaxes in order to allow a movement
appendicular skeleton Consists of bones in the shoulders, hips, upper and lower extremities
arthritis Inflammation of the joints
articular Pertaining to the rounded end of a bone
atlas The first cervical vertebra which supports the skull
arthrodesis Fusion/stabilization or binding of a joint
axial skeleton Consists of the bones of the skull, thorax and vertebral column
axis The second cervical vertebra which provides rotation of the skull
bones Principal organs of support and protection in the body
bone marrow Found within larger bones; responsible for the production of blood cells
carpal Pertaining to the wrist
cervical vertebrae The seven vertebrae which form the skeletal framework of the neck.
coccyx The tail of the vertebral column consisting of four of five fused vertebrae (tailbone)
compact bone Hard, outer layer of bone
condyle A rounded process at the end of a bone that forms an articulation
crest A type of bone process that has a large ridge shape
diaphysis The shaft or long main portion of the bone
epiphysis The end or extremity of the bone
fascile A bundle of muscle fibres
femorotibial Pertaining to the femur (thigh bone) and the tibia (lower leg bone)
flat bones Provide a broad surface for muscular attachment and protection for internal organs (pelvic bone)
foramen An opening in the bone for passage of blood vessels and nerves
fracture The breakage of a bone due to trauma or disease
gluteus maximus The large muscle of the buttocks
ilium The lateral flaring portion of the hip bone; upper of three parts of the hip
intervertebral disks Round structure with gelatinous mass in the center that separates the vertebrae
involuntary That which occurs with no discretionary control, usually a visceral muscle (heart action or peristalsis
irregular bones All other bones that cannot be grouped under the other headings (vertebrae)
ischium The lower part of the hip bone
joints The place(s) at which two bones meet (articulate)
kyphosis An exaggerated outward curvature of the thoracic vertebrae. "hunchback" or "humpback"
latissimus dorsi The large muscle of the back
ligament Band of connective tissue that connects bone to bone
long Bones Found in extremities of the body (arms, legs, and fingers)
lordosis Abnormal inward curvature of the spine (Seen in pregnancy and obesity)
lumbar vertebrae The five vertibrae situated in the lower back which carry most of the weight of the torso
metacarpectomy Excision of the bones of the hand
muscles Structures that contract providing movement of the bone
muscular tissue Refers to all of the contractile tissue of the body; two main types are voluntary in involuntaty
musculoskeletal Consists of bones, joints, and muscles, which provide the body with support, proteciton, and the ability to move
myelocele Hernia of the spinal cord
open reduction Surgical repair of a fracture with manipulation and insertion of a plate, screw, or nail
osteoclasis To break a bone for therapeutic purposes
osteoblast A cell in the bone marrow that produces bone
osteoclast A cell in the bone marrow that reabsorbs bone
osteoma A bone tumour
osteoporosis Bone pores or cavities resulting from a decrease in bone density
paraplegia Paralysis of lower spine, lower portion of the trunk and both legs
Patellapexy Surgical fixation of the kneecap
Pelvimetry Measurment of the pelvis
periosteum A dense fibrous membrane that covers the surface of the bone and contains blood vessels, lymphs and nerves
phalangeal Pertaining to the bones of the fingers and toes
podiarty Foot treatment
pubis The third portion of the hipbone that is situated in front of the bladder
quadriplegia Paralysis of the upper spine, all four extremities
ribs A series of twelve pair of curved bones attached to the vertebral column which provides protection for internal organs
rickets A medical condition caused by lack of Vitamin D
sacrum The five sacral vertebrae which are fused into a single bone
scoliosis Abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
short bones Bones that ar as wide as they are long (ankles, wrists)
sinus A bone cavity
spina bifida A genetic disorder that results in malformation of the spine due to imperfect joining of the vertebrae
sternocleidomastoid A muscle of the chest arising from the sternum and inner part of the clavicle
sternum Breast bone/chest plate
substernal Pertaining to under the sternum (breastbone)
synarthrosis Immovable joints
syndactylism Condition of fingers and toes being joined together (webbed)
tendon A strap composed of connective tissue that joins muscle to bone
thoracic vertebrae The twelve vertebrae which support the chest and serve as a point of articulation for the ribs
thorax The chest area
torticollis Stiff neck caused by spasmodic contraction of the neck muscle
trochanter A very large bony projection
tubercle A small, rounded elevation from the surface of a bone
tuberosity A large, rounded elevation from the surface of a bone
vertebrae The twenty-six bones which make up the adult vertebral column
voluntary That which is done with control. Usually a striated muscle such as the biceps (walking, blinking)
Created by: 541480099