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NECK 004

Additional information on the Viscera of the Neck

Thyroid gland begins in the floor of the tongue called the Foramen cecum
During the descent of the thyroid gland, it is attached to the foramen cecum by the which normally disappears Thyroglossal duct
Remnant of the thyroglossal duct epithelium will form a soft mass at the anterior part of the neck Thyroglossal duct cysts
Thyroid enlargement which results from lack of iodine Goiter
A condition which is a diffuse thyroid enlargement Grave's disease
Complication of thyroidectomy Recurrent laryngeal nerve injury, bleeding, hypoparathyroidism
Other term for hyperparathyroidism Parathyroid adenoma
A severe neurologic syndrome characterized by muscle twitches and cramps Tetany
What fracture that will result in blows received from sports or from compression by shoulder strap during an automobile accident Fracture of the larynx
When the rima glottidis closes and no air enters the trachea it will result to Laryngeal obstruction
Maneuver done by sudden compression of the abdomen which causes the diaphragm to elevate and compresses the lungs , expelling air from the trachea into the larynx Heimlich maneuver
Needle cricothyrotomy or known as Coniotomy
Done by doing a transverse incision through the skin of the neck and anterior wall of the trachea to established an airway with upper airway obstruction Tracheostomy
This injury can result due to penetrating neck trauma or following a surgical procedure Esophageal injuries
The most common congenital anomaly of the esophagus Tracheoesophageal fistula
Neoplasm of the esophagus in the neck is mostly malignant as squamous cell carcinoma Esophageal carcinoma
Give physicians an understanding of the structures that are at risk with penetrating neck injuries Zone
Zone of penetrating neck injuries which includes the root of the tongue Zone 1
Zone of the neck where it extends from the clavicle and manubrium to the level of inferior border of cricoid cartilage Zone 1
Zone of the neck which extends from the cricoid cartilage to the level of the angles of the mandible Zone 2
Zone of the neck which starts from the angle of the mandible up to the base of the skull Zone 3
Injuries to what zone of the neck which obstruct the airway and have the greatest risk for morbidity and mortality because the injured structures are difficult to visualize and repair and vascular damage is difficult to control Zone 1 and 3
Injury to what zone of the neck which are most common Zone 2
Created by: analyncosim



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