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Neck 003

Correlative Anatomy of the Neck

Its investing layer helps prevent the spread of abscesses Deep cervical fascia
Difficulty of speaking Dysarthria
Air from a rupture trachea, bronchus or esophagus can lead to Pneumomediastinum
Other term for torticollis Wry neck
A flexion deformity of the neck Torticollis
The most common cause of torticollis results from a fibrous tissue tumor that develops in the SCM before birth Fibromatois colli
Occasionally the SCM might be injured when an infant's head is pulled too much during a difficult birth, tearing its fibers a condition called Muscular torticollis
What vessel is used for total parenteral nutrition Subclavian vein
A tear to the subclavian vein may result to Hemothorax
What vessel is used in placing right cardiac catheter in measuring the pressure in the right chambers of the heart Internal jugular vein
Carotid occlusion is due to Atherosclerosis
Partial occlusion of the carotid artery will result to Transient ischemic attack
Transient ischemic attach is a sudden loss of neurological function that usually disappears Within 24 hrs
Minor stroke is a loss of neurological function on one side of the body that last for Exceeds 24 hrs but disappears within 3 weeks
Carotid occlusion is detected with the use of Doppler color study
Stripping off the atherosclerotic plaque with the intima Carotid endarterectomy
Possible nerves injured during carotid endarterectomy CN IX, X, XI, XII
Lesion of the cervical sympathetic trunk will result to Horner syndrome
Signs and symptoms of horner syndrome Anhydrosis, ptosis, enophthalmos, and miosis
Contraction of the pupil Miosis
Miosis is due to the paralysis of (Horner syndrome) Dilator pupillae
Drooling of the superior eyelids Ptosis
Ptosis is due to the paralysis of (Horner syndrome) Smooth (tarsal) muscles
Sinking in the eye Enophthalmos
Enophthalmos is due to the paralysis of (Horner syndrome) Smooth(orbitalis) muscle
Most common iatrogenic nerve injury in the neck Spinal accessory nerve
Result to paralysis of the corresponding half of the diaphragm Phrenic nerve injury
Paralysis of this is detected as a paradoxical movement as seen in xray Paralysis of diaphragm
Injury to this nerve happen in fracture of middle 1/3 of the clavicle Suprascapular nerve
Injury to suprascapular nerve results in paralysis of what muscles Supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, subscapularis
Waiter's tip position is due to what injury to a nerve Suprascapular nerve
Injury to the suprascapular nerve will result to loss of Lateral rotation and initial abduction of upper limb
This nerve may be injured due to thyroidectomy Inferior laryngeal nerve
When superior laryngeal nerve is injured what muscle is paralyzed Cricothyroid muscle
Created by: analyncosim