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Hormones3

Hormones

QuestionAnswer
Oxytocin from posterior pituitary, induces uterine contractions
ADH Antidiuretic hormone. From posterior pituitary, reduces amount of water lost in urine
ACTH Adrenocorticotropic hormone. From anterior pituitary, stimulates adrenal cortex to release glucocorticoids
TSH Thyroid-stimulating hormone. From anterior pituitary, stimulates synthesis and secretion of thyroid hormones
FSH Follicle-stimulating hormone. From anterior pituitary, stimulates egg maturation and the secretion of estrogen
LH Luteinizing hormone. From anterior pituitary. In females, stimulates ovulation (egg release) and the secretion of progesterone
PRL Prolactin. From anterior pituitary, stimulates the development of mammary gland cells and production of milk
GH Growth Hormone. From anterior pituitary, stimulates growth in young individuals
Cortisol From adrenal cortex, reduces or suppresses inflammation
Aldosterone From adrenal cortex, maintain water balance
Glucagon From Pancreas. raises blood sugar levels
Insulin From Pancreas. lowers blood sugar levels
Pancreas Glucagon, insulin, and somatostatin
Endocrine glands Posterior pituitary, anterior pituitary, pancreas, adrenal cortex, adrenal medulla, thyroid, parathyroid, testes, ovaries, thymus, and pineal
NE Norepinephrine. From adrenal medulla. Target is the liver, muscle, and adipose tissue. Works in sympathetic response
Adrenal medulla Epinephrine and Norepinephrine
Calcitonin From Thyroid gland. Target is bone. Lowers blood calcium levels
PTH Parathyroid hormone. From parathyroid gland. Target is bone, digestive tract, kidneys. Raises blood calcium levels (takes from bones).
Testosterone From Testes. Development of sperm, male secondary sex characteristics and reproductive structures
Estrogen From Ovaries. Development of female secondary sex characteristics and reproductive structures
Three other organs that produce hormones The Kidneys, the digestive tract, and the heart
Erythropoietin From the Kidneys. Target is bone marrow, stimulates red blood cell production
Created by: eisesara