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Ancient Greece stuff
|Today people use whose concepts of government, art, literature, and science?
|the early Greeks'
|When did the empire exist?
|Many people settled on the peninsula of what?
|Specifically what parts of the geography of Greece created many small, isolated regions?
|Some groups of people got along, others fought in what that sometimes erupted into wars?
|Most people in Ancient Greece were what?
|What part of a western state was Greece's climate similar to?
|Why did farmers grow many grapes and olives?
|There was little room and grapes and olives didn't need much and they could be grown on mountains.
|What grains could they also grow, though not as much as grapes and olives?
|wheat and barely
|Why did the Ancient Greeks had to trade to get grains?
|Only a fourth of the land was level enough to grow them.
|The roots of Greece go back to which two civilizations?
|the Minoans and Mycenaeans
|Where did the first civilization start in Greece?
|On the island of Crete.
|Who was the leader of the Minoans?
|What range of dates was called the Minoan Age?
|What did the Minoans develop?
|a writing system
|What kinds of fine artwork did they create?
|Carved statues, pottery, metal bowls, jewelry, and weavings.
|What were the Minoans also?
|Who did the Minoans trade with?
|Egypt, Phoenicia, and Mesopotamia.
|The Minoans were what in addition to being great sailors?
|What kinds of advanced water systems did the Minoans build in palaces?
|Underground plumbing and running water for the bathrooms.
|What were walls of Minoan palaces decorated with?
|Colorful murals of daily life in Ancient Crete.
|Where was the Mycenaean civilization found?
|On the mainland of Greece.
|Who did the Mycenaeans learn from?
|What did the Mycenaeans do similar to/borrow from the Minoans?
|They built palaces similar to them and borrowed their system of writing.
|What range of dates is known as the Mycenaean Age?
|When did the Mycenaeans fall to invaders?
|around 1150 BCE
|What range of dates is known as the Dark Age?
|What kept history alive during the Dark Ages?
|Did trade and record keeping stop?
|What did people live in during the Dark Ages?
|When did writing begin again?
|Whom did Greece borrow their alphabet from?
|When did the Dark Ages end?
|about 750 BCE
|What did isolated villages grow into?
|What did cities become that were independent, self-governing units?
|What range of dates were city-states very successful?
|Acronym for city-states on Peloponnesus.
|Cats Make Songs
|Acronym for city-states on mainland.
|Dogs Train Many Animals
|Acronym for city-states on Crete.
|Acronym for west seas.
|Aim Is Mine
|Aegean sounds like what?
|So it must closer to?
|Acronym for east land.
|Acronym for west land.
|Am I So Really Crazy?!
|Are coastal city-states or city-states in the midst of mountains more accepting of change?
|How did coastal settlements affect the lives of the Greeks?
|It encouraged them to engage in overseas trade and made them prone to cultural diffusion.
|How did the mountains affect the lives of the Greeks? How is this shown on the map?
|It separated them into small, spread out, isolated regions and they all developed separately.
|What larger time period was the Age of Expansion part of?
|the Archaic Period
|What were some characteristics of the Archaic Period?
|The rediscovery of writing (Greeks adopted & added to the Phoenicians' alphabet), rise in living standards, more contact with outside world (through war & trade), art improved, first Olympic games held, & emigration started when Greece became overcrowded.
|What is a bard?
|a professional poet
|How are bards important to understanding ancient Greek history?
|They helped keep history alive during the Dark Ages through oral tradition.
|Who was the most famous bard?
|What was Homer known for?
|Two epic poems: the Iliad and the Odyssey.
|What the Iliad and the Odyssey the earliest examples of?
|Leaving your home country to settle elsewhere.
|How did emigration lead to the expansion of Ancient Greece?
|Different groups of Greeks set up colonies, claimed land, and therefore expanding Greece.
|Why did people emigrate out of Greece?
|It was overcrowded; more land, jobs, and resources elsewhere; and there were refugees from political disagreements.
|What does emigration lead to?
|It was from these expert sailors and metalworkers that the Greeks adopted the use of the arch.
|Warlike people, famed for their cruelty.
|Lived on the coast of modern-day Lebanon.
|From these people the Greeks acquired timber, glass, furniture, and purple cloth.
|People from the northern part of the Italian peninsula.
|From these people the Greeks acquired wheat, salt, hides, and slaves.
|These people were the most successful traders and shipbuilders in the Mediterranean.
|One of these people's most famous city-states/colony was called Tyre.
|From these people the Greeks acquired goods like: papyrus, fine linen, perfume, some, and grains.
|a formal written agreement between nations for a common cause
|a body of land that is surrounded on three sides by water
|an independent Greek state, consisting of a city and the surrounding countryside; city-state
|a narrow strip of land connecting two larger bodies of land
|a member of the most powerful class in ancient Greek society
|a group or chain of islands
|a settlement under the control of a usually distant country
|a peninsula forming the southern part of mainland Greece
|a person who has certain rights and duties in a city-state or nation
|No point on mainland Greece was more than how far from the sea?
|What was the Greeks' preferred method of transportation?
|What did not continuing the use of running water and underground plumbing do?
|it set development back
|Why were the Minoans conquered?
|a natural disaster (a tidal wave) hit them
|How were the Mycenaeans' palaces different from the Minoans'?
|Mycenaeans' solely functional, Minoans' also decorative.
|Why were the Mycenaeans conquered?
|They were weakened by internal conflict, over resources.
|What was borrowing the Phoenicians' alphabet an example of?
|What made the Dark Age end?
|When people realized that they could trade and work together.
|What did cities developing into city-states lead into?
|the Age of Expansion
|A warlike nomadic people that invaded Mycenae in 1150 BCE.
|What did Mycenaean palaces double as?
|What are the three qualifications a person must have to be considered a citizen in Athens?
|Being male, over 18, and registered in their deme, or village community.
|What are the four groups of people who did not have citizenship in Athens?
|Women, slaves, metics, and children.
|What are the two components of Athenian Democracy?
|The Citizens' Assembly and the Council of 500.
|In what ways other than the Council or Assembly could citizens participate in Athenian government?
|In the Courts, serving on a jury, and/or voting.
|Which part of Athenian Democracy had citizens selected at random every year for participation?
|Council of 500
|What happened to citizens who did not attend the assembly meetings in Athens?
|They could not vote, which could result in decisions the absentees did not like.
|Which part of Athenian Democracy was responsible for preparing and discussing bills?
|Council of 500
|Which part of Athenian Democracy was responsible for voting on the issues presented?
|What is ostracism and how was it used in Athenian society?
|The process by which less than admirable citizens were banned from participating in the government processes for 10 years. It took place with a vote from the Assembly, and it was a way to keep the democracy "pure."
|What is the main difference between direct democracy and representative democracy?
|Direct: citizens govern themselves directly Representative: representatives elected by citizens govern a country
|He considered the man who started true democracy in Athens.
|He was responsible for first writing down the laws in Athens.
|He created the Council of 500.
|He ended debt slavery in Athens.
|He revised the first set of written laws in Athens.
|All crimes under his leadership were were punishable by death.
|He set up the People's Court in Athens.
|He created the Council of 400.
|He reorganized membership and population count in Athens.
|In a democracy, ruling power is in the hands of who?
|all the people
|When did democracy arise in Athens?
|circa 500-400 BCE
|About how long did the democracy system stay in Athens?
|about 100 years
|Where did all government business take place in Athens?
|What was the Acropolis also considered to be?
|a religious center
|The main governing body.
|Who was invited?
|all 30,000 citizens
|Out of the 30,000 citizens, how many actually came?
|Who usually did not attend, even though they could?
|Council of 500
|In charge of day-to-day running of the state.
|How were decisions reached in the Citizen's Assembly?
|debate and vote
|How were the 500 citizens in the Council of 500 chosen?
|annual lottery, drawing names out of a containor
|Who were new laws and policies carried out and enforced by?
|How many strategoi were chosen each year?
|How were strategoi selected?
|Who was a strategoi turned democratic leader in Athens?
|What were Pericles' Four Principles of Democracy?
|Personal ablility, to make choices; opportunity to get ahead through one's ability, not the social class one was born into; equality before law; and majority rules, what most people want.
|Ruling power in the hands of one person.
|Who is the one person who usually rules in a monarchy?
|What is the range of dates in which monarchies in Greece lasted from?
|What ages did monarchies in Greece last through?
|Minoan to Dark Age
|Beyond the capital were what of people who paid taxes to the king?
|People obeyed the king's laws and turned to him for what?
|Who did kings rely on to enforce laws and make people pay taxes?
|Who would take over after the kings death?
|his oldest son
|What would happen if there was no male in line for inheriting the throne?
|Those with high military status battle to be the new monarch.
|What year did Mycenaean monarchies end?
|circa 1200 BCE
|What age did Mycenaean monarchies end?
|(the end of) the Mycenaean Age
|Why did eastern trade routes begin to close?
|fighting in Asia Minor
|Why couldn't the Mycenaeans get to make weapons?
|the eastern trade roots were closed
|What did the people end up doing?
|destroying each other
|Who invaded Greece and destroyed the rest of the Mycenaean monarchy?
|What did the Dorians invading and taking over, then leaving do to Greece?
|It began their Dark Age.
|Ruling power in the hands of a few people.
|Who influenced the idea of oligarchies?
|What was the Dorians' form of oligarchy?
|two army generals
|Why did oligarchies start?
|aristocrats were tired of paying taxes
|Whose hands did the ruling power rest in?
|A few selected wealthy people and some people who got power by birth.
|What did the Dark Age usher in?
|the rule of oligarchy
|When did oligarchs rule in most city-states?
|What kinds of lives did oligarchs have?
|How did oligarchs enforce their rule?
|Did citizens in oligarchies have protections?
|What did citizens lack in oligarchies?
|political rights, e.g. voting
|What did most city-states start to do after a while?
|look for new leadership
|What was the only city-state that remained an oligarchy?
|Why did tyrannies begin?
|Citizens wanted a new kind of government because oligarchies lacked political rights.
|What did tyrants do to come into power?
|eliminate the current leader
|Ruling power is in the hands of a person who had seized control, often illegally.
|How were were tyrants know for holding power?
|using cruel and abusive means
|usurper with supreme power
|When did tyrannies arise in Greece?
|mid 600s BCE
|What age did tyrannies arise in Greece?
|Age of Expansion
|Why did tyrannies arise during the Age of Expansion?
|tyrants took over other lands
|What did the middle class demand to go with their contributions?
|political and social privileges
|What did the ruling oligarchs do?
|Because of the refusal, what did former military leaders (soon to be tyrants) promise the middle class?
|to help them
|What did the tyrants actually do?
|They reformed some laws, then became greedy when they became rich from the middle class's gifts.
|Who was the last important tyrant?
|What was Hippias known for?
|When was Hippias forced resign?
|Why was Hippias forced to resign?
|Athenians and Spartan invaders
|Why did the Athenians get the Spartans to help chase out Hippias?
|Sparta had a strong military.
|a state slave in Ancient Sparta
|one of the five elected officials who supervised the kings of Ancient Sparta
|Council of Elders
|a small group of Spartans who made all the important governing decisions
|a market place in Ancient Greece