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Civics Ch. 8

Civics Chapter 8 vocab

Circuits Districts that federal courts serve
Jurisdiction Authority to hear and decide a case
Exclusive Jurisdiction Only federal courts may hear and decide different cases
Concurrent Jurisdiction When both state and federal courts have jurisdiction
District Courts Federal courts in which trials are held and lawsuits are begun
Original Jurisdiction The authority to hear cases for the first time
Appeals Courts Courts that review decisions made in lower district courts
Appellate Jurisdiction Authority of a court to hear a case appealed from a lower court
Remanding Sending the case back to the lower court to be tried again
Opinion A detailed explanation of the legal thinking behind the court's decision
Precedent A model upon which judges base their decisions on similar cases
Judicial Review Court can review any federal, state, or local law to see if it's Constitutional
Constitutional Allowed by the Constitution
Docket Court calender
Brief A written document that explains one side's position on the case
Majority Opinion Views of the majority of the Justices
Concurring Opinion If a Justice agrees with the majority opinion for different reasons
Dissenting Opinion When a Justice opposes the majority opinion
Unanimous Opinion All the Justices vote the same way
Stare Decisis A guiding principle for all Judges