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Exercise 2 A&P

Body organization and terminology

QuestionAnswer
Higher / Above SUPERIOR
Lower / Below INFERIOR
Head or Closer to the head than another structure. usually synonymous with the terms superior and cranial CEPHALIC
Before / Front ANTERIOR
Before / Towards the belly synonymous with ANTERIOR VENTRAL
Back / Towards the back synonymous with POSTERIOR DORSAL
Closer / Closer to the point of attachment to the body PROXIMAL
Side / away from the midline of the body LATERAL
Middle / Toward the midline of the body MEDIAL
Toward / on the surface SURFACE
ARM BRACHIAL
ANTERIOR ELBOW ANTECUBITAL
LOWER LEG CRURAL
THIGH FEMORAL
TRUNK OF THE BODY IS DIVIDED INTO... (3) THORAX, ABDOMEN, PELVIS
Imaginary lines, One horizontal and one midsagittal dividing the abdomen into __________, which intersect at the naval QUADRANTS
plane running vertically through the body separating it into right and left portions SAGITTAL
(midsagittal) a sagittal plane that passes throught the midline of the body dividing it into equal right and left halfs MEDIAN
horizontal plane that runs parellel to the ground dividing the body into superior and inferior portions TRANSVERSE
the rib cage surrounds the _________ cavity and the muscular diaphragm and separates it from the abdominal cavity THORACIC
the thoracic cavity is divided into right and left parts by a median partition called the _________. MEDIASTINUM
the abdominal and pelvic cavities are not physically separated and are called the ___________________ cavity. ABDOMINOPELVIC
______________ Membranes cover organs of the trunk cavities and line the trunk cavities SEROUS
__________ serous membranes cover the organs in cavities that dont open to the outside VISCERAL
__________ serous membranes line cavities that dont open to the outside PARIETAL
The abdominopelvic cavity contains a serous membrane-lined cavity called the _______cavity. PERITONEAL
___________ which consist of 2 layers of peritoneum fused together, connect the visceral peritoneum of some abdominopelvic organs to the parietal peritoneum on the body wall or to the viseral peritoneum of other abdominopelvic organs MESENTERIES
Created by: TracieBrack