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HS-III Disease Terms

Disease terms to know (kjb)

QuestionAnswer
Disease A condition marked by complaints, a specific history, and clinical signs, symptoms, and diagnostic test.
Disorder a condition of the mind or body, functional abnormality or disturbance (shortcoming); ? cause
Infectious Any disease caused by growth of pathogenic microorganisms in the body.
Communicable A disease that may be transmitted directly or indirectly from one individual to another.
Idiopathic Pertaining to illnesses whose cause is either uncertain or as yet undetermined.
Nosocomial infection An infection occurring in a health care setting, such as a hospital or nursing home
Opportunistic infection Any infection that results from a defective immune system that cannot defend against pathogens normally found in the environment.
Genetic disorder A genetic disorder is an illness caused by abnormalities in genes or chromosomes, especially a condition that is present from before birth. (not necessarily inherited)
Congenital disorder present at birth
Syndrome A group of symptoms, signs, laboratory findings, and physiological disturbances that are linked by a common history.
Epidemiologist a person who specializes in the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states and events in populations, and the application of this study to the control of health problems.
Endemic disease found in a specific population or particular region of the world; usually used to refer to a disease that occurs continuously
Epidemic An outbreak of a disease, i.e., a disease that suddenly affects a large group of persons in a geographic region or defined population group.
Pandemic An exceptionally widespread epidemic, that is a disease or outbreak that affects very high proportions of the population, or populations throughout the world.
Acute disease having a rapid onset, severe symptoms, and a short course; not chronic
Chronic Of long duration; opposite of acute
Remission The period during which symptoms abate.(decrease or stop)
Eponym A name for anything (disease, organ, function, place) adapted from the name of a particular person or sometimes a geographical location
Acronym An abbreviation formed from the initial components in a phrase or a word.
Sign objective evidence of a disease or disorder (can be observed or measured)
Symptom subjective experience of a disease or disorder; are described by the person experiencing them can’t be measured or seen.
Etiology cause of a disease
Diagnosis (Dx) the term used to indicate the disease or syndrome a person has or is believed to have
Prognosis a prediction for the course or end of the disease or disorder; estimation for chance of recovery
Anomaly deviation from normal
S/S Abbreviation for signs and symptoms
deep below the surface
superficial pertaining to near the surface
Created by: kbailey