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Klynskylls HENNT

Head, ears, nose, neck and throat Clinical skills, Cochran, 1/4/13

Fontanels close around what age? 2 months to 2 years
Examine the thyroid gland in this position Slightly flexed and laterally toward the side being examined
When is percussion used on the head? On the masseter muscle when evaluating for hypercalcemia
When is auscultation used on skull? When listening for a bruit
Tracheal tugging suggest the presence of a Aortic aneurysm
Inspect thyroid for Swallowing symmetry
A vascular bruit to the thryoid suggests Hypermetabolic state
What is the Macewen sign? String resonance in a childs skull to indicate hydrocephalus or a brain abscess
Presentation of Hurler syndrome Enlarged skull, low forehead, corneal clouding, short neck
Hippocratic facies Sunken eyes, cheeks and temporal areas, terminal stages of illness
Cushing syndrome Rounded or moon shaped face, thin skin, associated with adrenal cancer
Caput succedaneum Subcutaneous edema that crosses sutures lines and resolves
Cephalohematoma Subperiosteal collection of blood that does not cross suture line
Myxedema Skin and tissue disorder usually due to severe pronlonged hypothyroidism
Graves disease leads to Overactive thyroid
A "floppy infant" can be a result of Congenital hypothyroidism
Torticollis Contraction of the SCM muscle
Cochlea transmits sound to which cranial nerve? 8
If the Striae Vascularis atrophy, what symptoms presents? Sensoineural hearing loss
Which sinuses are present at birth? Maxillary and ethmoid
When does the frontal sinus develop? 7-8 years old
Gland under the tongue Submandibular
Gland found in opposite upper 2nd molars Parotid
Laryngeal changes in pregnant women Hoarseness and cough, vocal changes
Otitis Externa Swimmers ear
Mastoiditis Inflammation of mastoid periosteum
Meniere Disease Disorder of the inner ear that presents with vertigo, ringing, caused by a change in endolymph in the labyrinth
Presbycusis Age related hearing loss
Xerostomia Dry mouth from decreased salivary gland secretions
Tonsillitis is measuring on a scale of 1-4 with 4 being Tonsils are touching each other
Torus palatinus is a Bony protuberance at the midline.
A smooth red tongue with a slick appearance may indicate Niacin or B12 deficiency
Created by: mcasto