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Biopsych 13

Biopsych midterm

Botulism toxin affects the nervous system by blocking the post-synaptic receptors for acetycholine.
The depolarization of a neural membrane creates a(n): action potential
A synapse is a(n): junction between a sending neuron and a receiving neuron.
A cognitive neuroscientist would be most interested in the brain changes that occur when a person performs a memory task.
John Doe has paranoid schizophrenia, and has begun a regimen of anti-psychotic medications. After one month, Mr. Doe complains to doctor about certain side-effects, such as tardive dyskinesia, movement issues resembling Parkinson's disease. and prolonged periods of emotional disconnect or stupification.
According to The Teenage Brain DVD shown in class, what did researchers find when they watched old home movies of their schizophrenic patients? Atypical movement exhibited when they were young.
Jane Doe has a deficiency of GABA in her brain. It is possible that she may suffer from an anxiety disorder
Excitotoxicity may result when there is too much _____ in the brain. glutamate
The thalamus coordinates all of our sensory information with the exception of smell
Parkinson's disease as well as Huntington's disease are both classified as movement disorders. Which of the following has shown to be an area of great interest to the understanding of these disorders? basal ganglia
To demonstrate that brain stimulation can make a rat violently aggressive, a neuroscientist should electrically stimulate the rat's: amygdala
Clive Wearing suffered severe damage to his hippocampus, which resulted in an inability to retain new information, thereby living an exsistence that is only moment to moment
GABA is to glutamate as ____is to ______. inhibitory neurotransmitter; excitatory neurotransmitter
Opiate drugs occupy the same receptor sites as: endorphins.
Neural impulses may travel as rapidly as: 200 miles per hour.
The brainstem is to arousal as the limbic system is to: emotion
Dopamine pathways are located mainly in the frontal lobe and the limbic system
The speed at which a neural impulse travels is increased when the axon is encased by a(n): myelin sheath
Neurotransmitters are released from vesicles located in knoblike terminals on the: axons
Efferent neurons are also known as motor neurons
Nodes of Ranvier are the non-myelinated areas of the axons
According to the Teenage Brain DVD shown in class, an excess of fluid in the brain of schizophrenics was shown to damage the lining of the pre-frontal cortex
Prozac works by blocking the reuptake of serotonin
The sequence of brain regions from oldest to newest is: brainstem; limbic system; cerebral cortex
Narcolepsy, which involves sudden sleep attacks, may be connected to which of the following parts of the brain reticular activating system
Ataxia consists of a lack of voluntary coordination of muscle movements, which may be a result from damage to the ______. cerebellum
The knee-jerk reflex is controlled by interneurons in the: spinal cord
Mental health workers label behavior psychologically disordered when they judge it: atypical, disturbing, maladaptive, and unjustifiable
According to the medical model, psychological disorders are: sicknesses that need to be diagnosed and cured.
Mr. Hunt believes that he is the President of the United States and that he will soon become the "King of the Universe." Mr. Hunt is most clearly suffering from delusions.
Wilma is extremely agitated because she hears voices that tell her to sexually seduce the male nurses in her hospital ward. Wilma is most clearly suffering from: hallucinations.
A bio-psycho-social perspective on alcohol abuse would be most likely to emphasize: the similarities between alcoholism and personality disorders
Dr. Vinny Boombatz has a patient who complained about having voices in his head. Without delay, the doctor schedules a pre-frontal lobotomy. Dr. Boombatz is closely following the medical model.
Which drug, if given to healthy individuals, actually produces "schizophrenia-like" symptoms and thereby adds proof to the "glutamate hypothesis?" PCP
One reason that the practice of lobotomies ended is because of the discovery and use of first-generation anti-psychotics.
Which of the following is considered an extra-pyramidal symptom? tremors
Fred is prescribed an "atypical" from his psychiatrist. Which of the following statements may be true? Fred may suffer from a mood disorder or schizophrenia.
Today, second generation anti-psychotics may be prescribed more than first-generation anti-psychotics because they work quite well with the patient's negative symptoms, as well as their positive symptoms
Just over ____ of those who suffer from schizophrenia will suffer persistent positive and/or negative symptoms even after they are taking medication on a regular basis. 60%
The lobotomist who pioneered the procedure, and as a result won the Nobel Prize in 1949, was Egaz Moniz
By the end of the 20th century, there were between _______ lobotomies performed in the US 40,000-50,000
Roughly 21 million people suffer from some kind of mood disorder during their lifetime, making it the ____ diagnosed disorder in the US 3rd most
Margie suffers from hypothyroidism. Which of the following psychological disorders could her condition resemble? depression
Hypersomnia means sleeping too much
Lydia is a compulsive shopper. She has a closetful of outfits that cost well over $20,000, but she has never worn at all. This problem forced her to see a psychologist, Dr. Mary Fine, who believed Lydia's issues were due to undiagnosed manic episodes
Using fMRI studies it was found that individuals with two short copies of the SERT gene (s/) may be more susceptible to anxiety, depression, contemplating suicide
Glutamate is a major ______ neurotransmitter in the brain excitatory
The anti-depressants that prevents the enzyme that destroys neurotransmitters are called MAOIs
Which one of the following was latest or most current medication developed by psychopharmacologists? Abilify
This chemical salt was first introduced by psychiatrists in the 1950s, but was only recently scientifically proven to help regulate our circadian rhythms Lithium
Created by: angelaolivia
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