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What happened in the 1800s? Studies on the nucleus of cells showed that there was a sticky substance - slightly acidic
What happened in the 1930s? Scientists agreed that the substance was complex and related to protein, which is the building block of life.
What is the building block of life? Protein
What is the code for building proteins? Genes
What was the question and still is? What is the process by which we make protein and how is it related to our genetic material?
What happened in the 1940s? Basic building block of DNA is a sugar paired with a phosphate and 1 of 4 bases.
What does DNA mean? Deoxy Ribose Nucleic Acid
What a sugar paired with 1 phosphate and one of 4 bases called? Nucleotide
What are the four distinct bases and their abbreviations? Adenine - A Guanine - G Thymine - T Cytosine - C
What is protein made up of? Long chains of amino acid
Who did James Watson work under? Francis Crick
What did James Watson and Francis Crick discover? They discovered the STRUCTURE OF DNA and the DOUBLE HELIX.
What was the relationship between the four bases? A+t / C+G
What is the basic structure? S---P ---base {one of four}
What is the basic structure based on? A Nucleotide
What are the 4 nucleotides of DNA? S---P ---A or T or C or G
What is the double helix? It has 2 backbones on the outside; The structure is made up of Sugars an Phosphates
What are the 3 things to remember? 1. Sugar/Phosphate backbones - 2 2. Base pairs in the middle 3. Adenine pairs withe Thynine - A+T Cytosine pairs with Guanine - C+G
The process by which chromosones are duplicated is? DNA Replication
DNA Replication happens during what? S-Phase of Mitosis and Meiosis.
Created by: abbeygri