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Russia History T.1

Modern World History Section

Who were considered dangerous to the government? People who questioned the czar, worship outside of the Russian Church, or spoke other than Russian.
To wipe out revolutionaries Alexander III did what? Put censorship codes on written items, police in schools, reports from teachers, and sent prisoners to Siberia.
Alexander III Oppressed groups, made Russian the official languages, and arranged pogroms.
What increased with more foreigners? Taxes.
Factories brought problems of what? Harsh working conditions, low wages, and child labor which causes strikes and more revolutionaries to rise.
Marxist Revolutionaries thought the industrial working class would do what? Overthrow the czar.
Japan and Russia fought over what? Korea and Manchuria in effect Japan attacks Port Arthur, Manchuria on Feb 1904 by the cause of broken agreements.
Bloody Sunday 200,000 workers and their families went to the Winter Palace in St.Petersburg for personal freedom. Nicholas II's soldiers then wounded more than 1000 people and killed 100s.
Russia was unprepared for WWI because of what? Economy cost, weak generals and poorly equipped troops, and their weakness is revealed from Japan.
Czarina Alexandra fell under the influence of a Rasputin that did what? Healed Alexis's hemophilia and then was allowed political decisions.
On the war front what were the negatives? Soldiers mutinied, deserted, or ignored others. Supplies dwindled and prices inflate.
On the home front negatives? People asked for change from all classes.
In the March Revolution what happened? Riots flared over shortages, bread, and fuel. Nearly 200,000 workers protested. Shooters begin to side with protesters. Brought down the czar and his family. Strong government replaces Nicholas II regime.
Duma established what and who headed it? The temporary government with Alexander Kerensky heading it.
Alexander deciding to fight in WWI made him lose what? The support from soldiers and civilians.
Lenin Full name is Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, leader of the Bolsheviks, fled to western Europe to avoid arrest from czarist regime, believed to hurt Russian war efforts with Germany, gains control of soviets, had a slogan of peace land and bread.
Lenin ordered what after the fall of the provisional government? Farmland to be distributed among the peasants, control of factories were given to the workers, signed a truce with Germany.
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk causes what? Russia to surrender land to Germany and it's allies which caused Russia to get angry which caused the murder of the Royal Family.
Bolshevik civil war challenges were? the White Army that liked czarist rule, those who wanted democracy, and those who opposed Lenin's style of socialism.
Leon Trotsky Revolutionary leader of the Bolshevik red Army.
Russia's civil war included what? The death of 14 million people. A three year struggle. Fighting, hunger, and flue turned Russia into chaos. Shows Bolsheviks can seize and maintain power and the establishment of a state controlled society.
What happened during the New Economic Policy? Small version of capitalism that allowed peasants to sell crops, the government that kept control of industries,banks, and means of communication. Factories, businesses and farms operate under private ownership, And government encouraging foreign investme
Bolsheviks leaders saw what and did what about it? Saw nationalism as a threat to unity and party loyalty so Lenin organizes Russia into many self governing republics under the central government to keep nationalism in check.
The Communist Party is what? Renamed Bolsheviks that came from the writings of Karl Marx. Communism was used to describe the clueless society. Communist Party held all the power and Lenin established dictatorship.
Joseph Stalin A man of steel. In 1922 he was a general secretary of the Communist Party. 1928 he was in charge of the Communist Party and held absolute power as a dictator.
Totalitarianism Describes a government that takes total, centralized state control over every aspect of public and private life. Challenged freedom,reason,human dignity, and worth of the individual. Methods of control are terror,indoctrination,propaganda,censorship.
Stalin turns the Soviet Union into what? A totalitarian state.
Stalin's Police State (terror) had what facts? Used to maintain power, monitor ammunition, the Great Purge which was campaign directed at eliminating anyone who threatened his power, made the people who help staged the Bolshevik rev. face consequences.
Russian Propaganda and Censorship included what facts? Information could only broadcast glory of the government.
Education and Indoctrination included what facts? Stalin controlled all education, people questioning the Communist Party risked losing their jobs and faced imprisonment.
Religious Persecution facts? Religion is to be replaced with communism, League of Militant Godless, sponsor group of atheists, and spread propaganda attacking religion, the Russian Orthodox Church was the main target of persecution, Stalin eliminated personal rights and freedoms.
Stalin followed what economy? Command economy in which only the government made economic choices.
Five Year Plans facts? Used for the development of the Soviet Union's economy. Put high quotas to increase the output of steel,coal,oil, and electricity. People faced shortages of housing,food, clothing, and other goods. a 25% increase in steel since 1928 that lasted until 1937
The Agricultural Revolution facts? Stalin seized farms which is assembled into a large government farm called collective farms. Resistance was strong among the Kulaks which are a class of wealthy people. State farms were like factories producing wheat.
Daily Life Under Stalin facts? Woman's roles expanded,people became better educated, personal freedoms were limited, consumer goods were prohibited, economic plans created a high demands for skilled workers, and university and training became key to a better life.
Woman gain rights facts? Woman helped the state-control economy prosper. Had to join the labor force in the Five Year Plans. Had full time jobs, and were responsible for housework and child care. Motherhood is considered a patriotic duty.
Created by: Skyferris