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Bacteria

Food illness

QuestionAnswer
FAT TOM stands for ... Food, Acidity, Temperature, Time, Oxygen and moisture
What do foodborne microorganisms require to grow? nutrients to grow, specifically carbohydrates and proteins
Foodborne microorganisms grow best in food that has.... neutral or slightly acidic pH (7.5 to 4.6)
Range does Acidic ph fall to grow bacteria? 7.5-4.6
Foodborne microorganisms grow well at temperatures between... 41˚F and 135˚F (5˚C and 57˚C)
How much Time does Foodborne microorganisms need to grow? 4 hours or more in TDZ
The amount of moisture available in food for this growth is called... water activity (Aw)
Potentially hazardous food typically has an Aw of... .85 or higher
What are the two conditions can you control in FAT TOM? Temperature and Time
Certain bacteria can change into a different form, called... Spores, to protect themselves
Spores can form and found in what? when nutrients are not available and commonly found in soil and contaminate food grown there.
Campylobacter jejuni Aka Campy is associated with what food and what causes it? Poultry and Water contaminated with the bacteria
Campylobacter jejuni common symptoms are? Diarrhea (maybe bloody), Abdominal cramps ,Fever,Vomiting,Headache
How do you prevent Campylobacter jejuni? proper cooking at 165 deg and prevent cross-contamination
Salmonella spp. is associated with what food? Poultry, eggs, Dairy, melons and beef
Salmonella spp. common symptoms are... Diarrhea, Abdominal cramps, Vomiting, Fever
How do you prevent Salmonella spp.? Salmonella Typhi. and prevent cross-contamination
Salmonella Typhi. is associated with what food? Ready to eat food, Beverages
Salmonella Typhi. common symptoms are... High Fever, Weakness, Abdominal pain, Headache, Rash
How do you prevent Salmonella Typhi.? Salmonella Typhi. and wash hands
Shigella spp. is associated with what food? potato/pasta salads
Shigella spp. common symptoms are... Bloody diarrhea, Abdominal pain and cramps, Fever (occasionally)
How do you prevent Shigella spp.? Wash hands and control flies
Listeria monocytogenes aka Listeria is associated with what food? Deli meats, hot dogs, raw meats, Unpasteurized milk
Listeria common symptoms are... Pregnant women( Miscarriage), Newborns (Sepsis,Pneumonia,Meningitis)
How do you prevent Listeria? Discard after expiration dates, cook raw meats to proper temperatures and Prevent cross-contamination
Vibrio parahaemolyticus aka V.P is associated with what food? Raw or partially cooked oysters
V.P common symptoms are... Diarrhea, abdominal cramps, vomiting and Fever
How do you prevent V.P? Buy from reputable purveyor and cook at required internal temperature
What causes V.P? harvested in warm waters April to October
Vibro vulnificus aka V.V is associated with what food? Oysters, raw
V.V cause... two different kinds of illnesses
V.V common symptoms are... septicemia, fever, chills, diarrhea, vomiting, skin lesions(sore on body) and ppl w/ liver disease; diabetics deadly
How do you prevent V.V? Buy from reputable purveyor inform customers about this problem and cook at required internal temperature
Bacillus cereus aka Cereal is associated with what food? cooked rice, grains
Cereal Caused by... two different toxins (diarrheal toxin and Emetic Toxin)
Cereal common symptoms are... Watery diarrhea, Abdominal cramps and pain and Vomiting is absent
How do you prevent cereal? cook properly, cool and hold temps
Staphylococcus aureus aka STAPH infection is associated with what food? meat salads and deli meats
STAPH infection caused by... improper hand washing; found in hair, nose, throat, sores
STAPH infection common symptoms are... Nausea Nausea, Vomiting and retching Abdominal cramps
How do you prevent STAPH infection? cover cuts and wash hands often; Restrict foodhandlers with infected cuts on hands and arms
Clostridium botulinum aka Botulism is associated with what food? Improperly canned food, Baked potatoes, Untreated garlic-and-oil mixtures
Botulism cause... grows w/out oxygen
Botulism common symptoms are... Nausea and Vomiting; Double vision Difficulty speaking and swallowing
How do you prevent Botulism? inspect canned foods, avoid homemade canned foods
Clostridium perfringens aka perfringens is associated with what food? stews and gravies
perfringens cause... improper reheating/cooling
perfringens prevention... cool and reheat properly
perfringens symptoms... diarrhea, severe abdominal pain
Escherichia coli aka E-Coil is associated with what food? Ground beef( raw and undercooked)
E-Coli cause... improper cooking
E-Coli prevention... cook to 155 deg F
E-Coli symptoms... diarrhea, cramps, heomlytic uremic(exclude if diagnosed)
Created by: marcellaborges95