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Headaches (HA)


Migraine Headaches (Common Migraine without Aura or With Aura) Characterized by recurrent, mod to severe head pain, usually one-sided and often pounding, throbbing. Poss Symptoms: nausea, vomiting, pulsating, photo/phonophobia, odors, loss of appetite, temperature, paleness, fatigue, visual aura. Lasts from 2-72h.
Tension Headaches (Muscle Contraction HAs) Pain is mild to moderate, constant band-like pain, pressure or throbbing, affects front, top or sides of the head, begins gradually, often occurs in middle of the day, may last from 30 minutes to several days. May vary in intensity, but always present.
Cluster Headaches (Suicide HAs) Intense one-sided pain described as burning, piercing, throbbing or constant. Located behind one eye or in the eye region, without changing sides. Reoccurant and regular, generally at the same time each day, and often awaken pt during night at same time.
Sinus Headaches Deep constant pain in cheekbones, forehead or bridge of the nose, usually intensifies with sudden head movement or straining and usually occurs with other sinus symptoms, such as nasal discharge, feeling of fullness in the ears, fever, facial swelling.
Rebound Headaches Medication-overuse headache (MOH). Alternates b/t characteristics of migraine and tension-type HA with pain on both sides of the head that includes throbbing, pounding and squeezing sensations. These headaches often strike first thing in the morning.
Acute HAs Migraine, Sinus, MOH, Infection (meningitis, hydrocephalus).
Subacute HAs Chronic infections (TB, abscess, tumor, hypertension, etc).
Chronic HAs Ocular eye strain, drugs/toxins, cervical spondylosis.
Ice-Pick Headaches Pains, Jabs, or Jolts that are brief, stabbing, and felt anytime, anywhere in the head. Cause is unknown.
Sex or Exertional Headaches (Coital HA) Mostly a male problem. Benign, usually sudden, severe, throbbing pain over the back of the head or entire head. Only lasts a few minutes and can be associated accordingly.
Ice-Cream Headaches (Stimulus HAs) Occurs between the eyes after eating or drinking something cold.
Rare Headaches Secondary to underlying disease or medical ailment. Usually, once condition is stopped, HAs dissipate. Types: Chronic Paroxysmal Hemicrainia, Ice-Cream HAs, Sex or Exertional HAs, Ice-Pick HAs.
Head Injury Headaches Typically felt as a steady ache affecting both sides of the head and occurring daily or almost daily (similar to chronic tension-type). The pain is usually slight to moderate with bouts of moderate to severe. Very close to Migraine pain & symptoms.
Chronic Paroxysmal Hemicrainia Cluster-like symptoms found almost always in females and highly treatable with Indomethacin. Normally short lasting, multiple attacks (2-10 m) several times daily.
Created by: kmburg5840