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Axillary Nerve - (Peripheral Neuropathy) Nerve damage that leads to a loss of movement or sensation in the shoulder. This nerve supplies the deltoid muscles of the shoulder and the skin around it.
Common Peroneal Nerve - (Peripheral Neuropathy) A branch of the sciatic nerve, which supplies movement and sensation to the lower leg, foot and toes. This condition can affect people of any age.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - Median Nerve Dysfunction; (Peripheral Neuropathy) A condition with pressure on the this nerve in the wrist that supplies feeling and movement to thumb side of the hand. Can lead to numbness, tingling, weakness, or muscle damage in hand & fingers. Entrapment is common.
Cranial Mononeuropathy III - Pupil-Involving; - Compression Type; Mononeuropathy; (Cranial Neuropathy), (Autonomic Neuropathy) Causes double vision and eyelid drooping. It affects the nerve that controls eye movement.
Cranial Mononeuropathy III; Diabetic Type - Pupil-Sparing Palsy; (Cranial Neuropathy), (Autonomic Neuropathy) Usually a complication of diabetes that causes double vision and eyelid drooping. A mononeuropathy, which means that only one nerve is damaged. It affects the nerve that controls eye movement.
Cranial Mononeuropathy VI - Lateral Rectus; (Cranial Neuropathy), (Autonomic Neuropathy) A nerve disorder that prevents some of the muscles that control eye movements from working well. As a result, may develop double vision. Damage to this cranial nerve can impair lateral eye movements.
Cranial Mononeuropathy VII - (Cranial Neuropathy) Bell's Palsy - Facial paralysis/weakness when a facial nerve becomes swollen/inflamed on one side of face. Onset is sudden and cause may be difficult to find. Linked to upper resp, viral, herpes, mumps, HIV, & bacterial infections such as Lyme disease.
Femoral Nerve Dysfunction - (Peripheral Neuropathy) A loss of movement or sensation in parts of the legs due to nerve damage. This nerve is located in the leg and provides feeling (sensation) to the front of the thigh and part of the lower leg.
Radial Nerve Dysfunction - (Mononeuropathy), (Peripheral Neuropathy) Damage to the this nerve leads to problems with mvt in the arm and wrist and with sensation in the back of the arm or hand. This nerve travels down the arm and controls mvt of the triceps muscle at the back of the upper arm.
Sciatic Nerve Dysfunction - (Peripheral Neuropathy) Pain, weakness, numbness, or tingling in the leg. Caused by injury / pressure on the nerve. It is a symptom of another medical problem, not a medical condition on its own. This nerve starts in the lower spine and runs down the back of each leg.
Ulnar Nerve - (Peripheral Neuropathy) This is a problem with the nerve that travels from the shoulder to the hand. It helps you move your hand and wrist. This nerve travels down the arm and crosses the elbow.
Peripheral Neuropathy Damage to these nerves may be caused either by diseases of or trauma to the nerve, or side effects of systemic illness. Most commonly affect legs and feet.
Cranial Neuropathy Occurs when any of the twelve cranial nerves are damaged. Two specific types are optic neuropathy and auditory neuropathy.
Autonomic Neuropathy Damage to the nerves of the involuntary nervous system, those that control the heart and circulation (including bp), digestion, bowel and bladder function, the sexual response, and perspiration. Nerves in other organs may also be affected.
Focal Neuropathy Restricted to one nerve or group of nerves, or one area of the body. Symptoms usually appear suddenly.
Proximal Neuropathy - Lumbosacral Plexus; Femoral; Diabetic Amyotrophy Refers to nerve damage that specifically causes pain in the thighs, hips, or buttocks.
Neuropathy A general term that refers to diseases or malfunctions of the nerves.
Polyneuropathy A serious, unpredictable, occasionally progressive, life threatening neurological disorder that occurs when many nerves of the body malfunction simultaneously. May be acute or chronic and develop gradually. Many have both motor and sensory involvement.
Mononeuropathy Only affects a single nerve.
Mononeuritis Multiplex Simultaneous / sequential involvement of at least 2 separate nerve trunks, evolving over days to years, presenting with acute loss of sensory / motor function of individual nerves. The pattern is asymmetric but progresses in deficit and symmetry.
Idiopathic Neuropathy - (Peripheral Neuropathy) Happens for no particular reason. Typically occurs in people over 60 years old, progresses slowly (or doesn't progress at all after the initial onset), and can be very disruptive to someone's normal life and lifestyle.
Pre-Diabetic Neuropathy - (Peripheral Neuropathy) This group is at risk of progressing in the disease process, which can lead to heart disease and nerve damage (which could result in peripheral neuropathy).
Diabetic Neuropathy - (Peripheral Neuropathy) Nerve damage caused by diabetes. One of the most common known causes of neuropathy. One of many complications, with nearly 60% of pts having some form of nerve damage. Progressive loss of sensation, pain & weakness in the feet and sometimes in hands.
Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease (CMT) - (Peripheral Neuropathy) A group of inherited neurological disorders characterized by a slowly progressive degeneration of the muscles in the foot, lower leg, hand, and forearm, and a mild loss of sensation in the limbs, fingers, and toes. Starts b/t mid-childhood & adulthood.
Hereditary Neuropathy with Liability to Pressure Palsies (HNPP) - (Peripheral Neuropathy) A relatively common, though under-diagnosed, hereditary disorder in which a fairly mild pressure or trauma to a single nerve results in episodes or periods of numbness and weakness, similar to an arm or leg going to sleep.
Toxin Neuropathy - (Peripheral Neuropathy) Drugs, alcohol and other poisons and chemicals such as: exposure to lead, mercury, arsenic and thalium and some organic insecticides and solvents can cause peripheral neuropathy.
Inflammatory Neuropathy Types - (Peripheral Neuropathy) Lyme Disease -HIV / AIDS -Leprosy -Herpes Zoster (Shingles) -Hepatitis B -Hepatitis C -Sarcoidosis -Acute/Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (AIDP) -Vasculitis -Rheumatoid Arthritis -Lupus -Celiac Disease -Protein Abnormalitie
Systemic / Metabolic Neuropathy Types - (Peripheral Neuropathy) Pre-Diabetic -Diabetic -Alcohol -Nutritional / Vitamin Deficiency -Kidney Failure
Compression Neuropathy Types - (Peripheral Neuropathy) Carpal Tunnel Syndrome -Tumor -Amyloidosis
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - (Peripheral Neuropathy) A localized peripheral neuropathy that affects the hands. The median nerve lies at the base of the hand in a narrow place b/t bones & ligament & becomes pressed, squeezed or inflamed at the wrist & may cause numbness, pain, weakness in hand, wrist, & arm.
IV Nerve Palsy - Superior Oblique Palsy; (Cranial Neuropathy) Effects the muscle named in the palsy. That muscle is controlled by this cranial nerve. Can cause the eye (or eyes) to turn abnormally, which can cause double vision. It's often a congenital birth defect.
Autonomic Dysfunction of the Gastrointestinal Tract - (Autonomic Neuropathy) The stomach takes too long to empty its contents. At least 20 percent of people with type I diabetes develop this. Less often in type II.
Vascular / Circulatory Neuropathy - Orthostatic Hypotension Type; (Autonomic Neuropathy) Generally, vessels don't properly constrict / expand to control bp. Specifically, a blood rush or dizzy spell. A form of hypotension when bp suddenly falls at standing up or stretching. Medically defined as a fall to 20mm Hg systolic / 10mm Hg diastolic.
Sexual Neuropathy - (Autonomic Neuropathy) Nerve and circulatory problems of diabetes can disrupt normal male sexual function, resulting in impotence.
Dysautonomia (Autonomic Neuropathy) Types - Sexual Neuropathy -Eye Neuropathy -Bladder Neuropathy -Sweat Gland Neuropathy -Cardiac Neuropathy -Vascular Neuropathy -Gastrointestinal Neuropathy
Mononeuropathy Types - (Nerve Dysfunctions) Axillary -Common Peroneal -Carpal Tunnel Syndrome -Cranial Nononeuropathy III (Compression & Diabetic Type), VI, VII -Femoral -Radial -Sciatic -Ulnar
Types of nerve damage: Injury, Palsy, Entrapment, Paralysis.
Created by: kmburg5840
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