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Intro Medical Terms

abdominocentesis Surgical puncture of the abdomen by a needle to withdraw fluid; abdominal paracentesis.
Acronym A neologism created from the first letter of the each of the words in a particular phrase
Acute 1. Pointed at the end; sharp. 2. Of or relating to a disease or a condition with a rapid onset and a short, severe course. 3. Of or relating to a patient afflicted with such a disease.
Angiography the x-ray study of the blood vessels
Appendectomy the surgical removal of the appendix.
Arteriosclerosis a group of diseases characterized by thickening and loss of elasticity of the arterial walls
Arthraligia pain in a joint
Colostomy a surgical procedure used to create an opening for urine and feces to be released from the body
Cyanosis a physical sign causing bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes
Dermatologist A physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of skin disorders
Diagnosis the determination of the nature of a case of a disease or the distinguishing of one disease from another.diagnos´tic
Diarrhea an increase in stool weight; stool weights above 10oz (300 gs) per day generally indicates diarrhea.
Edema a condition of abnormally large fluid volume in the circulatory system or in tissues between the body's cells
Endarterial within an artery.
Eponym a drug, structure, or disease based on or derived from the name of a person
Erythrocyte red blood cell; corpuscle; one of the formed elements in peripheral blood. Normally, in humans, the mature form is a non-nucleated, yellowish, biconcave disk, containing hemoglobin and transporting oxygen
Fissure any cleft or groove, normal or otherwise, especially a deep fold in the cerebral cortex involving its entire thickness
Fistula a permanent abnormal passageway between two organs in the body or between an organ and the exterior of the body.
Gastralgia pain in the stomach
Gatritis inflammation of the lining of the stomach, but the term is often used to cover a variety of symptoms resulting from stomach lining inflammation and symptoms of burning or discomfort.
Gastroenteritis a catchall term for infection or irritation of the digestive tract, particularly the stomach and intestine. It is frequently referred to as the stomach or intestinal flu, although the influenza virus is not associated with this illness
Gastrosis Any disease of the stomach
Hemorrhage the escape of blood from the vessels
Hepatomegaly enlargement of the liver
Hypertension Hypertension is high blood pressure. Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of arteries as it flows through them. Arteries are the blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the body's tissues
Hypotension low blood pressure.
Infection invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tissues, especially that causing local cellular injury due to competitive metabolism, toxins, intracellular replication, or antigen-antibody response. 2. an infectious disease.
Inflammation a protective tissue response to injury or destruction of tissues, which serves to destroy, dilute, or wall off both the injurious agent and the injured tissues.
Intramuscular Within a muscle
Laceration A jagged wound or cut.
LEsion wound or injury
Mycosis A fungal infection in or on a part of the body
Myelopathy an injury to the spinal cord
Myopathy muscular disease[1] in which the muscle fibers do not function for any one of many reasons, resulting in muscular weakness
Myorrhexis rupture of a muscle
Natal pertaining to birth.
Neonatology the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the newborn.
neuritis Inflammation of a nerve.
otorhinolaryngology the branch of medicine dealing with the ear, nose, and throat.
palpation the act of feeling with the hand; the application of the fingers with light pressure to the surface of the body for the purpose of determining the condition of the parts beneath in physical diagnosis.
palpatition an abnormality of heartbeat that ranges from often unnoticed skipped beats or accelerated heartrate to very noticeable changes accompanied by dizziness or difficulty breathing.
pathology the branch of medicine dealing with the essential nature of disease, especially changes in body tissues and organs that cause or are caused by disease.
phalanges the bones of the fingers and toes;
poliomyeleitis an acute viral disease usually caused by a poliovirus and marked clinically by fever, sore throat, headache, vomiting, and often stiffness of the neck and back
prognosis a forecast of the probable course and outcome of a disorder.
prostate a gland surrounding the bladder neck and urethra in the male
pyoderma a rapidly evolving cutaneous ulcer or ulcers, with marked undermining of the border.
pyrosis heartburn.
remission diminution or abatement of the symptoms of a disease; the period during which such diminution occurs.
sign an indication of the existence of something; any objective evidence of a disease
supination the act of assuming the supine position, or the state of being supine.
superation Bacteria that cause pus are called suppurative, pyogenic or purulent
symptom A characteristic sign or indication of the existence of something else
syndrome A group of symptoms that collectively indicate or characterize a disease, psychological disorder, or other abnormal condition
tonsilitis Inflammation of the tonsils; quinsy.
trauma A serious injury or shock to the body, as from violence or an accident
triage A process in which things are ranked in terms of importance or priority
viral Of, relating to, or caused by a virus
Created by: asdfghjkl25